Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common and dangerous diseases of our time. He concedes on these parameters only to heart diseases and oncology.
That's why every woman should know about the signs of this insidious disease, in order to notice changes in your body in time, and if necessary, consult a doctor and begin treatment.
Signs of diabetes in women
- 1 Signs of diabetes in women
- 2 Signs of diabetes in women on skin
The number of endocrine disrupters is traditionally several times higher than the number of men having these pathologies. The endocrine system of women is more susceptible to disruptions: hormonal changes during pregnancy, and menopause affect also.
External signs of diabetes in women in the first stages of the disease are not noticeable. And this is very dangerous, because there is a risk of late diagnosis.
Warning! The development of the disease can be avoided if you notice changes in time, revise and restructure your lifestyle, start treatment! The disease is provoked by an incorrect way of life, overeating, lack of motor activity, frequent stress.
The following first signs of the appearance of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus( or as it is also called type 1 diabetes mellitus) should be cautious:
- Strong thirst;
- Abundant urination;
- Increased appetite;
- Weight loss;
- Apathy or drowsiness, fast fatigue;
- The smell of acetone from the mouth;
- Temperature reduction;
- Dryness of the skin;
- Visual impairment;
- Numbness in the legs or only the toes;
- Decreased sex drive;
- The appearance of ketone bodies( protein decay products) in the urine;
- High blood sugar( normal blood glucose values are in the range of 3.3 -5.5 mmol / liter);
Attention! Each woman, after seeing some signs of diabetes, can independently pass a blood and urine test by contacting the clinic.
Signs of diabetes in women on the skin
With diabetes, there are various skin problems: dry skin, impaired healing of small wounds, furunculosis, brittle hair and nails. Elasticity of the skin disappears, there is an itch. The patients usually dry their lips, they feel dry mouth and lack of saliva. It is also possible fungal lesions of the skin, nails and mucous membranes. All this is due to developing immunodeficiency.
Another skin symptom of type 2 diabetes is the so-called black acanthosis, which is manifested by the appearance of rough areas of the skin in a dark color in places where the skin rubs, for example, under the armpits.
Signs of diabetes in women on the legs
Poor absorption of blood glucose leads to the fact that it remains in the vessels and gradually turns into fats. This, in turn, can not but affect the condition of the lower extremities: ulcers develop, and in especially severe cases even gangrene, which leads to amputation.
The painful condition is manifested by long-lasting non-healing ulcers, cracks and wounds on the legs. Unfortunately, it also happens that the diagnosis of diabetes is first put by a surgeon. The syndrome often leads to gangrene and amputation.
Signs of diabetes in women after 30 years of age
At the age of 40-55 years, women usually have diabetes mellitus insulin-independent, that is, type 2.Unlike the first type, this type of diabetes develops slowly.
Type 2 diabetes has a number of signs similar to type 1 diabetes. It is thirst, itchy skin, numbness of the lower extremities, impaired vision, increased urination. But there are differences. Let's list them:
- Muscle weakness;
- Increased body mass( hormonal imbalance affects opposite changes, causing obesity);
- Osteoporosis( bone fragility is common in most elderly people, but diabetes greatly reinforces these manifestations).
Signs of diabetes in women after 60 years of age
Older people have diabetes more often than younger people. With age, the blood sugar content gradually increases. In elderly people from 60 to 90 years is considered normal blood glucose content of 4.6 - 6.4 mmol / liter.
Older women's diabetes mellitus is characterized by its more stable and benign course - often in mild and moderate severity. Approximately 60-80% of elderly women suffer from overweight and obesity at the onset of the disease. Clinical symptoms are usually meager, the onset of the disease is gradual. Therefore, between the onset of diabetes and the diagnosis is a lot of time, sometimes even months and years.
In the elderly, people with diabetes often exhibit trophic, vascular and other complications. In this regard, in patients with elderly women, complaints that are associated with complicated diabetes mellitus are dominant. Such women are much more likely than young people to suffer from visual impairment, pain in the heart, facial swelling, pain and paresthesia of the legs, skin pustules, fungal diseases, urinary tract infections and other pathologies joining the underlying disease. A common phenomenon in diabetes mellitus in old age is a diabetic coma.