Gingivitis is a medical term for inflammation of the gums, a disease similar to periodontitis, which in some cases is a prerequisite. The reasons for the occurrence of gingivitis can be a lot: a decrease in immunity, living in an area with an unfavorable ecological situation, the use of poor-quality water, the presence of infections and diseases of the gastrointestinal system in the body.
Disease can cause abnormal tooth growth. It is known that people who have cavity problems in the form of caries, periodontitis, tartar, are most often faced with the appearance and development of gingivitis. Risk factors include the presence of one of such diseases as diabetes, tuberculosis, liver cirrhosis. The disease, which at first sight seems quite harmless, can lead to a complete loss of teeth.
Gingivitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- Unpleasant odor from the mouth, which is very difficult to get rid of even with the use of rinsers;
- Bleeding gums, which can be noticed when brushing teeth, eating food. Sometimes bleeding from an inflammation affected by inflammation can open without affecting it any stimuli;
- Red color of the gum, its swelling, swelling;
- Loosening of the tooth at an advanced stage of the disease, its prolapse.
Specialists distinguish several types of gingivitis, each of which can occur in acute or chronic form:
- Hypertrophic gingivitis characterized by discomfort causing gingival swelling, looseness of its tissue;
- Catarrh of gingivitis usually occurs with the presence of all major symptoms, without loosening of the teeth;
- Ulcerative gingivitis can cause fever, headache, weakness of the body, lack of appetite and complete refusal to eat, soreness of the gums;
- The main sign of atrophic gingivitis is the gradual thinning and reduction of the gum, accompanied by its bleeding.
- Marginal gingivitis is a disease in which the entire gingival canal is lesioned and purulent sacs are formed in the gum area.
The end result of any kind of gingivitis is partial or complete loss of teeth. Diagnosis and treatment of the disease involved dentist and periodontist. Treatment of gingivitis usually begins with a complete sanitation of the oral cavity, the removal of soft plaque, stone with the use of special dental devices: excavators and hooks. If the cause of gingivitis is an incorrect bite, which is often found, the patient is treated with an orthodontist. After professional cleaning, grinding and polishing of teeth, the specialist usually gives the patient recommendations on how to properly care for the oral cavity, what toothbrush to brush your teeth, how many times a day should this procedure be carried out, using which toothpaste.
Treatment of gingivitis
With the main symptom of gingivitis - gum bleeding helps to cure medications in the form of gels that are applied directly to the area of inflammation. Often they can be prescribed for preventive purposes. Regeneration of gum tissues occurs very slowly, even after a thorough purification procedure. Dental gels, aerosols, rinses for the oral cavity have a beneficial effect on the healing process, relieve swelling and bleeding gums. The most popular of them are:
- Gel Parodium, which perfectly cures gingivitis caused by wearing dentures;
- Aerosol Proposol, acting as an analgesic and disinfectant. The composition of the drug includes propolis, the medicinal properties of which are known to people since ancient times.
- Solution for mouth rinsing Elyudril, used as an antiseptic. It is used to treat most gum diseases.
Treatment of gingivitis is usually combined with carrying out activities to strengthen immunity: taking vitamins, treating chronic diseases. Self-medication with the help of folk methods using herbs of herbs also gives good results, but only as an auxiliary treatment. With the bleeding gums, decoctions from chamomile, St. John's wort, sage works well. Rinse your mouth every hour for at least two weeks in a row, only in this case you can achieve a noticeable result.
The complication of the disease includes the development of periodontitis, the inflammatory process of periodontal tissues, which leads to the loss of teeth. The main danger of such inflammation is that, appearing in the area of one gum, it will gradually spread to the entire jaw, and the teeth will eventually become mobile. It is practically impossible to save them at the last stage of the development of the disease.
To restore the lost teeth during the gum disease can be using prosthetics. However, you should know that this is a very long and expensive process in most cases. In addition, many methods successfully applied for prosthetics on healthy gums are not suitable in such cases. Before the prosthetics of the tooth gum lost due to inflammation, the gums are treated to stop the further development of the disease.
For this period of time, a specialist can suggest wearing removable dentures, which will qualitatively chew food. It is possible to begin the prosthesis only after all the symptoms of gingivitis and periodontitis have been eliminated, since the prostheses successfully implant only on completely healthy gums.
The prospect of establishing dentures is unlikely to please anyone. Carrying out such an unpleasant, but sometimes necessary, procedure can be avoided, if from a childhood, attentive to your teeth and gums. It is known that gingivitis occurs in 60% of modern schoolchildren, who in future, albeit far away, can become patients of dental prosthetics clinics.
Prevention of gingivitis includes respecting the rules of oral hygiene, using only high-quality toothbrushes for teeth cleaning, timely visits to the dentist. A simple test will determine the health of your gums: you should bite off a piece of green apple and look at the rest. The appearance of blood on it indicates the presence of inflammation of the gums. So, you should make an appointment with a periodontist.