Malignant formation in the tissues of the rectum is called - colorectal cancer. The disease has not yet been accurately studied, especially the causes of the onset of the disease. This may be an anomaly of the internal organs due to exposure to toxic elements, or abnormalities in the digestive organs.
Most often, a similar build-up is formed in elderly people and can fill the entire lumen of the intestine, or affect only the mucous membrane of the organ.
Rectal Cancer - Symptoms of
- 1 Rectal Cancer - Symptoms of
- 2 Stages of Rectal Cancer
- 3 Treatment of Bowel Cancer
- 4 Several Options for Operations
- 5 Future Forecast
The clinical picture of a disease is formed according to the individual characteristics of the organism and the stage of the disease development. The first symptoms of colorectal cancer are characterized by the following factors :
- appearance of blood from the anus;
- disruptions in the digestive tract, constipation, flatulence, urinary incontinence and diarrhea;
- general weakening of immunity, a tendency to permanent viral diseases.
With each stage of cancer progression, the symptoms become more vivid and are accompanied by multiple metastases.
Signs of bowel cancer
- Anemia in late illness.
- Isolation from the rectum of festering formations, together with blood and feces.
- Swelling and rumbling of the abdomen, regular constipation, intoxication of the whole body.
- Attacks of pain in the abdominal region, vomitive reflexes. Depletion of the whole body, incapacity for work.
Warning! An important feature is the change in feces, the form becomes thin and elongated, as the tumor grows inside the intestine.
In the absence of effective treatment the problem is very quickly aggravated. There is bowel cancer with liver metastases, which is characterized by the following symptoms: a sharp rise in body temperature, chest pain, skin is colored yellow.
The liver increases in size very quickly. This can be felt even with an independent palpation of the organ. There is such a clinical picture, when the area of the liver and rectum is significantly affected. To eliminate the signs of an illness, only surgery is required.
Stages of colon cancer
In modern medicine, it is common to classify the disease in several stages.
With the first symptoms, colorectal cancer is characterized by small dimensions of neoplasms that appear on the submucosal layer of the intestine. If you show vigilance and begin a comprehensive recovery of the body, you can avoid serious consequences, and get rid of the disease forever.
At early stage , intestinal cancer affects 10-15 percent of the digestive organ, regional metastasis is completely absent. The adolescents do not leave the rectum area.
In the second stage, the build-up increases in size to 5 cm, covering almost half of the bowl circumference. There are no lesions of lymph nodes, but single metastases are possible.
If we talk about cancer of the rectum of the third stage, it is worth noting the serious deterioration in the digestive system. The tumor grows into the walls of the organ, it affects the nearest lymph nodes. Changing the shape, frequency and color of the stool, a person is worried about high fever, general malaise.
According to statistics, the survival rate at this stage is 60-70 percent, it all depends on the age of the patient and the effectiveness of the treatment. When lesions of three and more lymph nodes, the prognosis worsens several times, especially in the elderly.
If to speak about colon cancer of the 4th stage, it is worth noting the regular metastases, the tumor is already germinating not only in neighboring tissues, but also organs. There are multiple metastases in the liver, lungs. The disease is difficult to treat, and with such a cancer of the rectum the prognosis is disappointing, the survival rate is up to 6%.
Treatment of colon cancer
The main method for the treatment of colon cancer is surgery, removal of the affected organ. Other ways of healing the body are temporary, aimed at removing the inflammatory effect, easing pain, strengthening immunity, normalizing metabolic processes.
Depending on the stage of the disease, the survival in rectal cancer, , is determined in the presence of metastases in the nearest organs of mortality in 95% of patients.
Several variants of
operations One method involves retaining the organ and removing the intestine below the intestinal tube. If the tumor is more than 5 mm, then complete removal of the intestine is made and an artificial implant is inserted.
The following removal is performed without preserving the anal sphincter and with the maintenance of the colostomy. For the elderly, the method is used, is cut, the tumor is muted with a gut compartment. Experts can perform simultaneously several variants of surgical intervention, in order to help the body to get rid of malignant education.
In addition to such radical methods, radiation exposure is also used, in order to prevent the recurrence of cancer, in the elderly it has multiple contraindications.
In the presence of a large number of metastases, chemotherapy is required, the introduction of toxic substances into the body that kill cancer cells. In some cases, medications are prescribed, with better assimilation and less detrimental effect on the patient's internal organs.
Forecast for the future
Unfortunately, at the time of detection of the disease, many patients already have separate metastases, and this is a 3-4 form of ailment. Most of the formations occur in the third stage of cancer, the survival rate is up to 60%.With , rectal cancer of grade 4, live 3-5 years, the forecast is disappointing for any age.
The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the more likely it is to eliminate the symptoms of the disease and increase the life span. Many patients are interested in how much they live after a rectal cancer surgery? Experts point to numerous nuances and can not accurately give an exact answer. The approximate period is 10-15 years. When metastases appear in the liver, life expectancy does not exceed 9 months.