20Feb

Helminths: photos, symptoms, treatment of helminths in humans

In his life, a person is subjected to serious tests - diseases that have in their "arsenal" a huge number of various infectious and other diseases. But the most famous disease is the helminths that affect the human body. The group of these parasitic worms includes known roundworms, as well as round and flat worms, with 250 species capable of parasitizing on the person of the above groups.

Helminthiasis, like any other disease, has its symptoms at different stages of the progressiveness of the disease.

Symptoms of helminth infection

During the acute phase of the disease, the first signs of infection appear: ascaridosis shows itself on day 2-3, characterized by fever, increased lymph nodes, arthralgia and itchy rashes. Most often, patients experience discomfort in the abdomen and catarrhal phenomena. It is noteworthy that the helminthiasis of other species of worms can manifest itself in 2-3 weeks after the incubation period, with the signs coinciding.

Very often, because of the similarity of symptoms, an infected person makes an erroneous diagnosis, and, trying to avoid medical intervention, is treated independently, often inflicting harm. It is necessary to know that some types of worms, parasitizing on the human body, inducing the immune system to "show" new symptoms of infection: with trichinellosis, the person begins muscle pain, fever and severe edema of the face and eyelids, and trematodes are easily detected: the diseased will notice pronouncedsigns of jaundice, the liver and spleen will increase.

But if someone at the slightest signs of infection immediately goes to the doctor, then some prefer to endure their "trouble", then the disease turns into a chronic form. In chronic form, the disease can be manifested individually: its course will depend on the immunity and health of a person who does not wish to get rid of parasites. Intestinal helminthiases, if they are a single individual, practically do not manifest themselves symptomatically, but such parasites as ascarids show themselves quite vividly.

In a sick person, especially in children, pain, dyspeptic and asthenic arthritic syndromes are manifested. A much more common symptom is perianal itching, which increases in the night or in the evening, while helminthiosis can be accompanied by hemorrhagic colitis, as well as intestinal obstruction, pancreatitis and even prolapse of rectum in young children.

Patients with ankylostomidosis can not help but notice their condition: iron deficiency anemia develops and progresses, as well as strongyloidiasis and biliary tract disorders. Trematodozy liver provoke the development of cholecystolangitis, pancreatitis, hepatitis and neurological disorders.

If schistosomiasis is parasitic in a person, the symptoms of its appearance are characterized by dysuric disorders and terminal hematuria - droplets of blood appearing during urination. Such symptoms can not be overlooked, therefore it is necessary to urgently seek professional help. Patients with filariasis will experience an allergic syndrome, as well as lymphatic filariasis, as well as rarely manifested lymphangitis and lymphostasis.

But the most unpleasant parasites are cestodoza, whose "living" in the human body may not be affected by symptoms, despite the presence of large cysts in the patient. But if at least one echinococcal bubble becomes inflamed and explodes, then the human body will experience anaphylactic shock, as well as "expect" purulent peritonitis and pleurisy. If you do not notice an ailment in time, then a person can remain not only disabled, but also die. The main thing is that timely application for help can prevent such grave consequences.

Methods for treating helminths

Before prescribing a medicine or other complex treatment for a disease, doctors should examine the patient and determine the type of parasites fed from the body.

During the acute phase of the disease, treatment is desensitization and detoxification. If the disease is very severe, then glucocorticoids prescribed by doctors are used. Chemotherapy is used to prevent allergic reactions of the body.

Currently, the most popular drugs are able to fight many types of parasites of the body: levamisole, tiabendazole, pyrantel, medamin and mebendazole. But the most dangerous is not a parasite, but an effective treatment that can cause great harm to the body, destroying the internal flora. Therefore, it is very important to carefully consider the analysis of the state of your body, placing your health in reliable hands.

Until the doctor makes a "picture" of your illness and chooses methods of treatment, you must follow a strict diet, which necessarily includes berries, nuts and seeds, dairy products and wholemeal flour - all these "components" contribute to the eradication of parasites fromorganism, which can weaken or completely leave the body. Naturally, even after the improvement of health, it is necessary to visit a doctor who will confirm the absence of parasites or prescribe additional medications. It should be known that any treatment is prescribed not for one day, and therefore, it is necessary to take drugs strictly with the requirements of the doctor, because it is much more difficult to remove parasites than seems at first glance lovers of self.

It is necessary to understand that during the illness the organism is greatly weakened, therefore it is necessary to ask the treating specialist to prescribe a course of vitamin and other restorative procedures. The main thing after treatment is to prevent the parasite from returning to the body, so it is important to observe all hygiene measures and not forget to pass the check in time for doctors, thus preventing the emergence of new "troubles".