Pulmonologist: work, duties, consultations, studied diseases

Pulmonology is also known as pneumology, respiratory medicine and breast medicine.

What is the job of a pulmonary physician?

A pulmonologist is a physician-specialist who specializes in the treatment and prevention of respiratory diseases. The most common diseases in this area of ​​medicine are colds - bronchitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis, pneumonia, tracheitis, tonsillitis and laryngitis. The pulmonary physician also carries out the practice of treating obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, bronchitis in smokers, pleurisy, emphysema, respiratory failure and many other serious respiratory diseases.

It is very difficult to answer unambiguously when it is necessary to consult a pulmonologist, since the symptoms of many diseases of the respiratory system in most cases are similar to those of any other diseases. But, despite this, if you experience discomfort, difficulty breathing, chest pressure, sore throat, headache, shortness of breath, sneezing, asthma attacks, coughing with expectoration, you should immediately make an appointment with a pulmonologist, because such symptoms may bethe first signs of lung disease or respiratory system. The approach to this specialist assumes not only consultation, but also, in case of suspicion of the disease, carrying out diagnostic procedures( examination of mouth and nose smears, provocative tests, skin tests, determination of the level of immunoglobulin and a general blood test).Also, the doctor can appoint a follow-up examination - computer tomography, echocardiography, external respiration examination, X-ray.

Where to find a child pulmonologist

In view of a number of physiological differences between the body of an adult and a child in pediatrics, there is a lung specialist. Usually, such a doctor conducts a reception in the children's city clinic in a specially equipped office, which allows both to carry out an examination of the sick child and to conduct all necessary studies.

There are also separate children's pulmonology centers, which provide a wider range of services in this field. Children with respiratory diseases get here in the direction of a pediatrician or a children's pulmonologist. In such centers there is a newest equipment, highly qualified doctors work, which allows to conduct a more in-depth examination of patients and clarify the nature and causes of diseases. In pulmonology centers, thorough research is carried out on the functions of the respiratory system, examinations and analyzes are prescribed.

If any, even insignificant at first sight, signs of a disease of the respiratory system, it is necessary to consult a specialist. After all, if you start a disease, then it can develop into a chronic form, which, you see, does not bode well.