Pregnancy requires an obligatory visit to the doctor at least once a month. Each routine examination of the gynecologist provides for the delivery of blood, urine and swab tests from the vagina. The results of the tests, as a rule, can tell a lot about the state of health of the pregnant woman and her baby. In all analyzes, the level of white blood cells is most of all interested in the doctor. Leukocytes( white blood cells) represent an indicator of the body's defenses. Their level depends on many factors, including stress, stress on the body, nutrition, the presence of diseases. As you know, the level of leukocyte content in the body throughout the life of a person changes many times. During pregnancy, in the analysis of a woman, its increase is often observed. The reasons for this can be a huge amount.
The norm of leukocytes in the blood of a healthy person ranges from 4 to 9 units. An increase in the number of leukocytes in the blood of a prospective mother may indicate the presence in her organism of infections of viral or bacterial origin, purulent processes( peritonitis, appendicitis), inflammation, internal bleeding. For an accurate diagnosis, the specialist usually prescribes a number of additional tests, since the future development depends largely on the development of the fetus.
A rise in white blood cells in the blood of a woman waiting for a baby can lead to the development of a very dangerous disease during pregnancy - leukocytosis.
Leukocytosis is a blood disease associated with excessive bone marrow production of white blood cells. This disease, as a rule, passes independently, or develops into hyperleukocytosis, which requires the necessary medical treatment.
The causes of leukocytosis can be:
- Infections, most often chicken pox( chicken pox) and viral pneumonia;
- Presence of inflammatory processes in the body;
- Damage to body tissues, scratches, burns, etc.;
- Allergic reaction, asthma;
- Candidiasis( thrush);Excessive blood loss;
- Disintegration of malignant tumors, the presence of metastases;
- Frequent stresses, unrest.
Should we talk about the consequences of having a pregnant woman at least one of the above reasons? Probably not. Any disease can adversely affect the fetal development of the fetus, therefore requires immediate treatment. Leukocytosis is dangerous, as a rule, its rapid development. This disease can develop in a matter of hours, leading to internal bleeding. Treatment of leukocytosis in pregnant women is carried out under the strict supervision of a specialist and implies, first of all, the establishment and elimination of its cause.
Leukocytosis can also be physiological, i.e.not due to the presence of any disease. So, the increase in the level of leukocytes in the blood is observed:
- Three hours after eating;
- After taking a hot bath;
- In the second trimester of pregnancy;
- After a strong emotional and psychological stress;
- During stress, or excitement.
Therefore, a general blood test to determine the number of white blood cells is usually, in the morning, on an empty stomach. The patient should be in a state of calm at the time of blood sampling.
Medical practice shows that the most frequent reason for the increase in the number of leukocytes in the blood of a pregnant woman is slow inflammatory processes in the body, as well as allergies, long uncontrolled use of medications, renal colic, and exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Most of these conditions are very dangerous and destructive for a future child, therefore requires mandatory medical intervention. Treatment of diseases during pregnancy is usually difficult, because the use of most drugs can adversely affect the development of the fetus. However, the consequences of the disease can often prove more destructive, so you should not neglect qualified, well-chosen treatment.
Usually a specialist not only counts white cells in the patient's blood, but also draws a leukocyte formula that reflects its qualitative composition and consists in the determination of five types of white blood cells. Advantages of this method of research are: objectivity, high accuracy, elimination of subjective factors. Carrying out of similar research allows:
- To estimate the general condition of an organism and immunity of the woman;
- To determine the stage of development and severity of the infectious disease( if any);
- Determine the exact nature of the disease( viral or bacterial);
- To diagnose parasitic invasion( presence of parasites in the body), or allergic reaction.
Another major reason for the increase in the level of white blood cells in the blood of a pregnant woman is the accumulation of leukocytes in the submucosa of the uterus. The physiological meaning of this type of leukocytosis is to prevent the infection of various infections to the fetus developing in the uterus, as well as to stimulate the contractile function of the uterus, which is necessary in the process of the birth of the child.
It should also be noted that any, even seemingly very innocuous, disease can cause miscarriage, premature birth, congenital malformations and chronic diseases of the unborn child. Therefore, their treatment should be carried out under strict medical supervision.
A somewhat high level of leukocytes in the woman's blood in the second half of pregnancy is considered the norm and does not pose a threat to her health and the health of the unborn child. A slight increase in the number of white blood cells indicates an increase in the protective function of the body, which is quite natural for the period of pregnancy.