Displacement of the vertebrae of the lumbar region is often the main cause of disability. This pathology can occur in a person of any age, regardless of his type of activity. However, injuries to the spine are most affected by persons engaged in heavy physical work. The main reason for the displacement of the vertebrae in young people is the inherent weakness of these very structures. Often it is accompanied by a curvature of the spine and the emergence of intense pain in the legs, convulsions in the hip and knee joints.
The displacement of the vertebrae can also be due to the age-related changes taking place in them. In old age, there are often problems with the back, one of the main reasons for this is the jamming of the nerve endings due to the narrowing of the spinal canal. Diseases of the spine in elderly people can be accompanied by the development of paralysis.
The displacement of the vertebrae of the lumbar spine, otherwise known as spondylolisthesis, makes itself felt by the occurrence of severe pain in the lumbar region. Some patients may complain about the presence of pain in the lower limbs, difficulty in moving. The presence of the disease at an early stage of its development is almost impossible to determine in the absence of its main symptoms. The resultant shooting pain in the lower back is attributed to the majority of patients for excessive fatigue, strain on the spine, etc.
Spondylolisthesis undergoes four stages of its development. At the beginning of the disease, the patient does not attach importance to rare pain in the lumbar region, then these pains are repeated more and more often, become protracted. The patient tries to move as little as possible, since any movement of the body at this moment causes discomfort. As the disease develops, a part of the spine begins to slowly sink down, which means that a person can have a decrease in the height of the trunk. A significant displacement of the vertebrae of the vertebral column is accompanied by a change in gait, the appearance of difficulties with the movement of the lower extremities.
Diagnosis of the disease is based on the results of X-ray images of the lower spine. Leaving the displacement of his vertebrae without attention is not recommended, since over time, lameness develops against its background. The patient is provided with frequent prolonged pains in the lower limbs, inability to fully move. Depending on the degree of development of the disease, the specialist prescribes conservative treatment or surgery in the area of the spine.
Restoration of displaced vertebrae can be achieved with the use of manual therapy. Patients with an insignificant displacement of the lower spine are assigned, as a rule, physiotherapy exercises, since the performance of some simple exercises helps to restore and strengthen the structures of the spine. In the event that conservative treatment does not have a positive effect, a decision is made to conduct the operation. It should be remembered that any surgical intervention on the spine is associated with a great risk to health, therefore it should be resorted to only in extreme cases. The presence of strong prolonged pain in the lumbar region with the displacement of the vertebrae is also an indication for the operation. As prevention of spondylolisthesis, it is recommended to perform daily warming up of the spine, to lead an active lifestyle, to protect your body from excessive physical exertion.