With insufficient oral care on the teeth accumulates plaque, which gradually hardens and turns into tartar.
Among the main reasons for the formation of stone on the teeth are also distinguished:
- Use for cleaning teeth of poor quality toothbrushes and toothpastes;
- Disturbance in the body metabolism;
- Eating only with soft food;
- Chewing food on one side;
- Incorrect bite;
- Curvature of teeth.
The main symptom of tartar - first a small gray deposit at the neck of the tooth, you can not always notice. At the initial stage of its development, the stone, as a rule, is loose, with time it becomes firmer and acquires a clear pigmentation.
The location of the stone is the neck of the tooth, that is, the place where the tooth enters the soft tissue of the gum, it can be supragingival and subgingival.
A supragingival tartar is usually located on large molars on both sides of the jaw, as well as on the tongue-facing side of the teeth of the lower jaw, in consistence may resemble white clay. The color of tartar depends on the predominance of food colors in the diet. Usually it is white. Those who smoke, yellow.
Teeth, located under the gum, can not be seen with a normal visual inspection, it is localized in the periodontal pocket - a slot-shaped depression between the tooth and the gum tissue, since it is an integral companion of periodontitis. This deposition usually has a dense consistency and dark color, it is found mainly in older people.
Treatment of tartar
The only possible method of getting rid of tartar is to remove it in a dental clinic. Removal of the stone, located above the gum, is a very simple procedure. First, the oral cavity is treated with a special anesthetic solution, then the stone is removed using a dental instrument. Modern clinics use a laser for these purposes. The final stage of stone removal is grinding and polishing the enamel of the teeth, or applying a special protective paste on them. To remove the subgingival stone, special periodontal hooks are used.
There are three main proven methods for removing tartar:
- The physical method involves performing the procedure with an ultrasound machine. Removal of deposits occurs under the influence of ultrasonic vibrations, which perfectly cope with the stone, without causing damage to the tooth enamel. This method of treatment also makes it possible to achieve an easy bleaching effect without additional use of chemical agents. The application of ultrasound makes it possible to cope with hard dental deposits quite painlessly and quickly. The procedure may be contraindicated for people with cardiovascular disease.
- The mechanical method is rarely used, as new methods and technologies have replaced it. Removal of the stone in this case is carried out with the help of dental instruments specially designed for these purposes.
- The chemical method is to treat the tooth with special chemicals that dissolve or soften the tartar, and then remove it. This method is completely painless, but has a couple of drawbacks. Chemicals can damage enamel, as well as lead to the development of future tooth diseases. Usually, the chemical method of stone removal is applied when other methods are contraindicated. For example, with high mobility of the tooth.
To apply the laser steel for a relatively long time, this method of treatment is used to crush the deposits into small pieces and then wash them out of the teeth with a special spray. The use of the laser does not adversely affect the enamel.
Usually, treatment of oral problems does not end with the removal of hard dental deposits, as they are often accompanied by the presence of caries and periodontitis. In especially neglected cases, tartar can lead to tooth loss. First of all, the gum suffers from it, which starts to bleed gradually, the tooth neck is then stripped, a so-called pocket is formed, in which food accumulates and the pathogenic bacteria actively multiply. If periodontitis is not treated, it will lead to loosening, and then to the loss of a perfectly healthy tooth.
In addition, the inflammation that has begun in one place tends to spread throughout the jaw. The result of periodontitis is the loss of all teeth. Prosthetics in this case is a very complicated and very costly procedure. Of course, no time can elapse between the time of the formation of the first calculus and the subsequent loss of teeth from periodontitis. This process is very long and unpleasant. The deposition of tartar and subsequent associated diseases of the teeth and gums are accompanied by a constant odor from the mouth, bleeding and swelling of the gums. In addition, the presence of a stone on the teeth looks very unpleasant and repulsive from an aesthetic point of view. Therefore, postponing once again a trip to the dentist, one should think about all the unpleasant consequences that may be encountered in the future.
Preventing the formation of tartar
Tooth formation can be avoided by following some simple rules:
- brush your teeth, as it should, at least twice a day. If after eating, there is no such possibility, you should at least rinse your mouth with warm boiled water;
- Eat raw vegetables, preferably carrots;
- Remove residual food from the holes between the teeth with a toothpick;
- Visit the dentist twice a year and conduct professional tooth cleaning;
- To care for the gums, if there are signs of periodontitis, seek qualified help;
It is known that 70% of all adults who consult a dentist have solid deposits on their teeth. Today, it is possible and necessary to remove tartar without pain. Frivolous attitude to the problems of the oral cavity can lead to very unpleasant consequences.