2Mar

Benign tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses

Like any other organs, the nasal cavity is susceptible to external neoplasms arising regardless of age and gender characteristics. Benign tumors of the nose, unlike malignant ones, which are common in 1.5% of cases with respect to oncological formations of other organs, appear much more often. The etymology, pathogenesis and symptomatology of these formations are described below.

Benign tumors of the nose: symptoms and treatment

The most common benign tumors of the nose and adnexal sinuses are adenomas, fibromas, angiofibromas, angiomas, adenofibromas. Much less often there are chondromas, osteomas and even less often - angiomyomas, psammomies, estesioblastomas and meningiomas. There are neurinomas of the nasal cavity and glomus tumors. It should be specially noted papillomatosis - a benign tumor of the nose and paranasal sinuses( maxillary, latticed), which has a pronounced tendency to malignancy. This disease is considered a precancerous condition.

Polyps with benign nasal formations are considered very conditional, as they are a product of inflammatory, most often allergic reaction of the paranasal sinuses. Between the tumor and the hyperplastic process is an eosinophilic granuloma. Benign tumors of the nasal cavity and its paranasal sinuses occur with the same frequency in men and women and regardless of age. Only angiofibroma of the nasal septum, or bleeding polyp of the nasal septum, occurs most often in young women during pregnancy or lactation.

Symptom of benign tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses is one-sided obstructed nasal breathing. The inflammatory process is secondarily attached to the process, mucopurulent discharge from the nose and headache occur. Vascular tumors( hemangiomas, lymphangiomas, angiofibromas) sometimes lead to nasal bleeding.

Bleeding polyp of the nasal septum departs on a broad peduncle from the anterior cartilaginous part of the nasal septum. Its size varies from pea to walnut, the surface of the polyp is smooth or lobed.

Osteomas and chondromas that disrupt the integrity of the walls of the nasal cavity or the paranasal sinuses on which they appear are accompanied by deformation of the face.

Treatment of benign nasal tumors is almost always surgical with the use of cryosurgery, electrocoagulation, primarily in vascular tumors.