What are the most common complications of influenza and how can they be prevented?
"Flu must be in bed!" - doctors unanimously believe. And not only because to come to work sick dishonestly in relation to colleagues. Disease borne on the feet is a direct way to complications. Especially dangerous is the flu for children and the elderly.
If you fever more than 3 days, the temperature rolls over at 40 ° C, be sure to consult a doctor. Under the mask of the flu can hide and other dangerous diseases.
If the fever does not subside for more than a week, complications such as pneumonia, bronchitis, tonsillitis, otitis, sinusitis can occur. All these diseases are called bacterial, because bacteria and microbes are activated in the weakened virus.
Pneumonia as a complication after the flu and its symptoms
Bronchitis and pneumonia as complications after the flu are manifested by coughing, shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue, decreased appetite. Other features of the symptoms of complications after the flu - fever in pneumonia is usually higher than with bronchitis. In obstructive bronchitis, dry wheezing occurs in the lungs, sometimes the patient hears them himself.
Other complications after the flu and their symptomsAngina is an inflammation of the palatine myvdalin. Pathogens - microbes: streptococcus, staphylococcus. Signs of sore throat after a complication of the flu: increased body temperature, deterioration of well-being, sharp pain in the throat, worse with swallowing. Often enlarged submandibular and cervical lymph nodes. The more pronounced the inflammatory process, the heavier is the condition of the patient.
If the right treatment is not started in the first days of the disease, the sore throat can go into an even more serious complication - the parathonsillar abscess. There is an illness due to illiterate antibiotic treatment( especially in cases when they are prescribed by the patient himself), very aggressive microbes, and reduced immunity.
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The most common inflammation of the maxillary sinus is sinusitis. Less common is the inflammation of the frontal sinus( frontitis), sphenoid( sphenoiditis) or latticed( etmoiditis).Sometimes all sinuses can become inflamed, then the ailment is called a pansinusitis.
If you have a cold for a long time and do not have a runny nose, you need to contact an otolaryngologist, because more effective treatment is required. The frontal, wedge-shaped and latticed sinuses are located close to the brain, which means there is a risk of developing meningitis or an abscess of the brain.