Among benign tumors, there are types of tumors that develop not on the basis of glandular tissue, but develop from fat cells. In the chest area there is a large amount of subcutaneous fat, which under certain conditions can create favorable conditions for the development of lipomas of different localization and sizes. Lipoma of the breast is a common disease among women over 45 years of age. Refers to benign types of neoplasms based on the modified fatty tissue. Another name for lipoma is a fatty, known to a large number of women.
The cellular structure of the neoplasm in the course of histological examination is defined as fully mature fat cells. The structure of the tumor has localized boundaries, a capsule of connective tissue and internal filling, which, when palpated, can be defined as a knot in a consistency resembling a tight dough. Education is inactive, absolutely painless and does not tend to grow and spread. Delivered inconvenience only in the form of a cosmetic defect. After removal can give relapses in different parts of the body. There are oval, flat, round and polyhedral forms with irregular boundaries. For diagnosis, radiographic methods and tomography are used.
lipoma There are a number of risk factors that increase the incidence of various pathologies of adipose tissue. First of all, it is worth noting that the incidence is higher among women who have excess body weight and disrupt hormonal balance. The immediate cause of lipoma lies in the process of sudden blockage of the lumen of the duct, through which the secret of the production of the sweat gland departs. At this point, the primary internal cavity is formed, which is gradually filled with a modified fatty tissue. The initial stage of lipoma formation is an atheroma that has not been removed in a timely manner.
Other causes of lipoma have only a predisposing effect and include in their list:
- sedentary lifestyle, against which there is a violation of lymph flow;
- inaccuracies in nutrition - the diet is dominated by carbohydrates and fats, which create conditions for the rapid development and spread of adipose tissue;
- reception of contraceptive hormonal preparations;
- smoking and alcohol abuse:
- injury in the form of strokes;
- numerous pregnancies and childbirth, with the development of stretch marks in the chest area;
- X-ray exposure and residence in unfavorable environmental terms;
- wearing incorrectly matched under the type and size of underwear( bras, body and tops).
The most reliable causes of such benign neoplasms lie in the violation of metabolic processes in the body. Therefore, careful study of the parameters of the biochemical blood test is required. In particular, it is worth paying attention to lipids, bilirubin, glucose level and pancreatic amylase. Often, breast lipoma is found in women who for many years suffer from a latent form of diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance.
Symptoms of Lipoma of the Breast
Symptoms of the lipoma are usually visible to the naked eye. It is a new growth with dense fixed consistency over the skin, without fluctuations( squelching when pressing), painless and not prone to increase in volume. The inconvenience of the tumor can be delivered when wearing underwear and making certain movements. For the most part - it's a cosmetic defect that can and should be removed in a timely manner. It should be understood that any new formation sooner or later can be transformed into an oncological process under the influence of unfavorable environmental factors. In particular, the breast lipoma often mutates into a cancerous tumor under the influence of regular rubbing with undergarments and exposure to sunlight during sunburn.
Symptoms of breast lipomas may vary depending on the shape of the lesion. There is a classification of this pathology according to the degree of development, the presence of a capsule, the prevalence. The most favorable is the nodal capsule-localized form. It accounts for more than 80% of cases.
Less common is the diffuse form, in which the lipoma spreads to the surrounding tissues of the breast, displacing sometimes healthy areas. Also, the danger is fibrolipoma, a form of pathology with a prolonged course and the transformation of internal contents into fibrin fibers of connective tissue. The risk of calcification( deposition of calcium salts) of tumor tissues is high. This form is marked by soreness and significant inconveniences.
If you do not make timely treatment by removing the neoplasm tissue, other types of tumors may appear on its platform. So, if a network of small blood vessels grows into the lipoma, then the risk of developing angiolipoma of the breast is high, in which surgical intervention can lead to significant blood loss. There are cases of growth inside the adipose muscle fibers and mucous membranes inside the capsule. In these cases, the diagnosis of mucolipoma and myolipoma is established.
Before you get rid of breast lipoma. ..
Before you get rid of breast lipoma, you need to conduct accurate and complete diagnosis. Cases are widely known when already during and after surgery.
When studying histology, cases of breast cancer were detected. The true breast lipoma is a condition that does not pose a risk to a woman's life. But an oncological tumor, uncovered without preliminary preparation, in almost 100% of cases leads to a massive spread of cancer cells by hematological and lymphatic pathways.
Be sure to insist on biopsy and histological examination of cells that are inside the neoplasm until the moment when a decision is made on surgical removal.
Primary diagnosis is carried out by radiographic imaging in various projections. The radiologist radiologist differentiates the tissues from their specific X-ray trail. An ultrasound examination may also have some usefulness. The most accurate information can be obtained during a computer scan of breast tissue.
How is mammary gland lipoma removed and treated?
The removal of lipoma may be required only if the tumor does not dissolve on its own for 6 to 8 months of follow-up. Also, removal of breast lipoma is recommended if even a small progressive growth of the tumor is seen.
Timely treatment of breast lipoma is an important measure for the prevention of cancer. Therefore, even during clinical observation, the patient is assigned a regular complex of examinations. It includes mammography and ultrasound at least once every 3 months.
Appearance of pain or discharge is an indication for emergency removal of lipoma due to a high risk of developing lymphosarcoma( a malignant tumor).
In the postoperative period, it is recommended:
- perform regular processing of the surgical suture and ensure that there are no discharges from it;
- administration of immunomodulating drugs;
- use of various pharmacological agents for restoring health: vitamin preparations, mineral complexes, toning up vegetable dues.
Hormone therapy, body weight and metabolism can be used as needed. Patients are recommended a long night's sleep( at least 8 hours a day), long walks in the fresh air and limiting the amount of fats and carbohydrates in the daily diet. It is also important to choose the appropriate method of contraception to prevent the risk of recurrence of the lipoma of the breast under the influence of artificial hormones.