4Mar

Diagnosis and treatment of bulimia

Bulimia, what is it and how to fight it.

Bulimia, what is it and how to deal with it.

People suffering from bulimia, react to stress rather unconventionally - they go to the fridge and start to consume food in immense quantities. At the heart of the ailment are the psychological factors of the negative property - experiences from failures, failures, rejection by society. Sometimes the mechanism is triggered by positive emotions - for example, the joy of service success. The symptoms of bulimia are very specific - we describe them below.

Contents:

  1. General characteristics
  2. Classification Causes Symptoms
  3. Consequences
  4. Treatment Traditional medicine
  5. Prevention

General characteristics

Excessive eating is a sign of bulimia.

Excessive Adopting a food is a sign of bulimia.

Bulimia is one hundred percent disturbed eating behavior. Person is subject to bouts of binge eating followed by a cleansing ritual - taking laxatives or induced vomiting. In the photo, this looks rather unattractive.

Positive or negative emotions invariably lead to patient anxiety. To ease the experience, patients begin to eat vigorously, without even bothering to chew their food. As you can see on some photos, the main thing for them is speed. After the act of overeating, the patient ponders about probable consequences, feels a sense of shame and resorts to cleansing actions.

Bulimia is quite complex in terms of diagnosis. People suffering from it harder to identify than patients with overeating and anorexia as externally patients do not differ from normal people. In addition, bulimia is not subject to control - in contrast to anorexia, where the patient clearly thinks through his actions. Interesting fact: those suffering from bulimia can consume in wild quantities not only food, but also alcohol with medicines.

Classification

are two types of illness:

  1. Primary bulimia. It is characterized by a constant hunger and a craving for excessive nutrition.
  2. Bulimia, a consequence of anorexia. The fact is that anorexics voluntarily expose themselves to starvation, setting themselves some tasks. But the body requires its own, and sometimes such patients, as seen in the photo, break into the insane absorption of food. Later, under the pressure of feelings of guilt, they resort to purification.

Bulimia can occur in different ways:

  • bouts of binge eating in patients replaced by ritual cleansing - enemas, laxatives and vomiting.
  • Ritual cleansing does not occur. Instead, the patient tries to curb the ailment, resorting to numerous diets. Often this does not lead to anything good - the patient again breaks into gluttony, exacerbating an already sad situation.

Kinds of manifestations:

  1. continuous absorption of food;
  2. paroxysmal food( craving for food arises suddenly);
  3. nocturnal attacks of hunger.

Reasons for

If you carefully examine the patients' photos, we will see from their views that the ailments subordinate consciousness, turning into a dominant instinct. The reasons for this may be as follows:

  • Long-term diets as a cause of bulimia.

    Long-term diets as a cause of bulimia.

    psychological problems( impulsivity, non-communication, low self-esteem);

  • lifestyle;
  • poor heredity;
  • long-term diets;
  • lack of serotonin;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • is a public order for slenderness( the actresses, models, pop artists are the standard - this entails the desire to improve and the craving for anorexia);
  • perfectionism( inexplicable craving for self-improvement);
  • depressive disorder;
  • aspiration to idiosyncratic diets;
  • obsessive thoughts;
  • increased anxiety.

Symptoms of

If you look at the picture depicting a patient with bulimia, you are unlikely to say that he suffers. In a normal state, such a person is not distinguished from society in any way. Approximately three decades ago, scientists developed a special test to calculate bulimia. The test consisted of 26 questions. Here are the key symptoms by which you can diagnose bulimia without looking at the patients photos:

    1. tooth enamel damage and gum problems;
    2. wounds( or scratches) observed on the fingers of the patient - are due to repeated vomiting;
    3. convulsions and muscle twitching( due to electrolyte imbalance);
    4. dehydration of the body;
    5. joint pain( caused by a deficiency of potassium);
    6. inflammation of the esophagus and parotid salivary gland( a consequence of constant vomiting);
    7. fast fatigue;
    8. internal bleeding( not always apparent);
    9. intestinal disorders( caused by abuse of laxatives);
Stomach upset due to laxatives.

Stomach upset due to laxatives.

  1. heart disease( complications caused by metabolic shifts);
  2. kidney and liver dysfunction;
  3. shift of the menstrual cycle;
  4. neurasthenic diseases.

Bulimia is a dangerous pathology, so when faced with these symptoms, do not delay the visit to the doctor's office.

Consequences of

Constant overeating in conjunction with forced gastric cleansing is unlikely to pass without leaving a trace. Bulimia is a dangerous ailment, the consequences of which are sometimes unpredictable. Some of them we will mention:

  • Consequences of the disease.

    Consequences of the disease.

    lesions of teeth, nails, hair and skin;

  • of neurasthenia;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • problems with the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • acute heart failure;
  • difficult communication with friends and close people;
  • narcotic, alcohol and drug dependence;
  • body exhaustion;
  • disruption of the hormonal background( the endocrine system is overloaded);
  • loss of interest in life.

Some consequences appear in the patient's photo, others are not immediately apparent. Avoid unpleasant complications possible - but more on this a little later.

Treatment of

Bulimia is an ailment whose treatment can not be delayed, otherwise everything can end in a fatal outcome. The reason for this prediction is the rupture of internal organs.

Bulimia is best treated by a combination of different techniques, among which:

  1. psychotherapy( family and individual);
  2. diet therapy;
  3. medication.

Hospital - the ideal conditions for the speedy recovery of the patient. Begin the treatment followed with an explanatory psychotherapy - the patient is introduced to the ailment, shows photos with various complications, stipulates his diet and a set of measures for recovery.

You need to adjust yourself to a long course of treatment, which can last for a year or more. It will take months to notice signs of improvement, but what can you do? Bulimia is this.

The schedule of nutrition is the basis of successful therapy. Food should be divided into equal portions, and the reception of food should be done at regular intervals. On the day the number of such receptions reaches 5-6 times.

Try to eat less potatoes.

Try to eat less potatoes.

From the diet should be deleted:

  • honey;
  • sugar refined;
  • corn syrup;
  • other sources of sugar.

In addition, it is recommended to reduce the consumption of potatoes and corn. Nutritionists advise to eat about 20% of polyunsaturated and fish fats daily, which are contained in:

  1. sunflower and olive oil;
  2. canola oil;
  3. mackerel;
  4. cod;
  5. salmon;
  6. tuna.

Traditional medicine

Some patients are so horrified by looking at a photo with signs of bulimia that they begin to look for consolation in folk medicine. Here are the most popular recipes.

  • Grated and peeled garlic( 3 slices) is poured with a glass of boiled( and pre-cooled) water. The mixture is infused for 24 hours, after which it is taken orally - every evening one table.spoon.
  • Dried mint and parsley are mixed in equal proportions, after which they are poured with boiling water. Ratio: Art.spoon of collection for a glass of boiling water. The resulting infusion perfectly quenches the hunger.
  • Bitter wormwood. Insists on the previous scheme. Reception - daily before meals( 1 tablespoon).
  • 250 grams of figs and plums pour in three liters of water and cook on medium heat. The broth is ready when the volume of liquid is reduced to 2.5 liters. Drink half a cup before meals.
  • 20 grams of celery is poured into a glass of water and boiled for 15 minutes. After that, the mixture is filtered and used three times a day before meals.

Prevention

The basis of prevention is a healthy psychological atmosphere reigning in the family, normal education( instilling adequate self-esteem) and a safe environment. Food can not be used for educational purposes - as a way of punishment or reward.

If the child begins to worry about its completeness - try to closely monitor his dietary experiments. Medications should be used only by those prescribed by the doctor. Observing these precautions, be sure - bulimia will bypass your house side.

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