The disease of giardiasis in most cases is characterized by a hidden course for a long time without manifestation of severe symptoms. Only after a while a person can feel a sharp decrease in vitality. Soon after this lamblia can begin to manifest their life in the gallbladder and intestines. There is biliary colic, signs of cholecystitis, intestinal disorders.
Diagnosis and treatment of lambliasis is the competence of an infectious disease doctor.
Manifestation of Giardiasis
Tiredness, apathy, fatigue, headaches can be caused not only by hard work. It is possible, in all are guilty of lamblia. How to identify these parasites and get rid of them? First of all, pay attention to the manifestations of Giardiasis.
Lamblias in the body in humans
Human lamblias are microscopic parasites from a group of protozoa that cause a disease like lambliasis. These unicellular creatures are similar to a pear in a section.
Ljambli in the human body usually fall into the form of cysts - this is a temporary form of microorganisms that cover themselves with a protective shell under adverse conditions. Some protozoa in this form can exist for several decades.
Lamblia infection: how is
transmitted How is lamblia transmitted to the human body? The main transmission path is water. Possible transfer from person to person, this way is most widely distributed in children's groups. But sometimes you can get infected from animals( in this issue, doctors are still arguing).Lamblias get into the human body through dirty water and unwashed hands, and also with contaminated food. There is an infection with lamblia.
Protozoa survive freezing, but instantly die by boiling. In water, Giardia are stored for up to 3 months at a temperature of 18 ° C, and the products are kept for several days.
Infection with Giardiasis
In summer, as it is at this time of year that the most favorable conditions for these protozoa are created. In hot weather, there is a massive infection of groups of people with giardiasis.
Lamblia disease and lambliasis
Who most often suffers a lamblia disease? Children and adults with low sanitary culture. For example, little ones wash their hands, pull in their mouths, which is horrible. Older children can give chewing to a friend chewing gum, which they kept in their mouths themselves. Therefore, most often outbreaks of Giardiasis occur in children's groups. There may be family cases of infection when lamblia and giardiasis occur, but rarely.
Let's look at how the disease lambliasis develops. The simplest settle in the small intestine, attach to the villi of its mucosa and multiply rapidly. The wall itself is not affected by parasites and the cells do not damage. However, they begin to actively deprive the body of nutrients and vitamins.
Lamblium becomes so much that they completely, like a film cover the walls of the intestinal mucosa and disrupt digestion. The simplest block villi, which absorb vitamins and nutrients. As a result, the body does not get anything. But the toxins of lamblia are not very prominent.
Lamblias: Symptoms and Signs
There is no bright clinic for giardiasis, so it is difficult to determine when infection occurred. The incubation period lasts about 2 weeks. The temperature hardly rises. After that, there are signs of lamblia.
Generally, there are 2 forms of Giardiasis - asymptomatic carriage and a form with clinical manifestations. Symptoms of lamblia depend on the form of the disease.
Lamblias in the intestine
The latter can also be manifested in two variants. When the gastrointestinal tract is affected and lamblia develop in the intestine, nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, bloating, rumbling, unstable stools( constipation alternating with diarrhea) may occur. Sometimes patients complain of the tenderness of the peri-oophoric region, but they can not specify a specific site that bothers.
Lamblias in the gallbladder
In the second clinical version of the disease due to motor biliary tract disorders, pain in the right side, a feeling of bitterness in the mouth, nausea. Lamblias themselves can not live in bile, bile acts on them fatal. However, they form suitable conditions. Therefore lamblia in the gallbladder can be found.
Symptoms and Symptoms of Giardiasis
There are also asymptomatic forms. In this case, there are no signs of Giardiasis. They are detected accidentally when analyzing feces. In this case lamblia can provoke only weakness, headache and fatigue. Also, with this disease, there is sometimes an avitaminosis. It is characterized by malaise, reduced mood, dry skin, fatigue, metabolic disorders. These may be symptoms of Giardiasis.
By the way, that's why the scientist Ljambl, who discovered lamblia, called them "parasites of melancholy and sadness", as he noticed that they depress the nervous system. But all these symptoms are typical for many ailments. Therefore, it can be very difficult to guess that lamblia is to blame for everything.
Giardiasis: a doctor to whom to turn
It is possible that the patient will have to bypass not one specialist before he gets to an infectious disease specialist, since with giardiasis it is very difficult to understand what is happening and to make a diagnosis. In this case, the patient is the source of infection and can easily infect others, especially if it is a child. When treating giardiasis, a physician must have the qualifications of a parasitologist and infectious disease specialist.
Consequences of limbediasis
There are no organ lesions with giardiasis. However, the massive nature of infection with lamblia leads to suppression of digestive processes.
If the ailment is not treated, such ramifications of lambliasis as chronic digestive failure and, as a consequence, anemia, weakening, bowel dysfunction, weight loss, bad mood, depressed state, progressive digestive disturbance gradually develop. The motility of the gastrointestinal tract and bile ducts suffers, stagnation of bile develops.
In addition, lamblia weaken the body, opening the way for other infections. The protozoans themselves do not cause inflammation, so its appearance is a clear sign that another infection has been connected.
Lamblias and Giardiasis: Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms and treatment for lamblia largely depend on the form and stage of the pathological process. A modern person must necessarily know the symptoms and treatment of giardiasis in order to prevent possible prolonged carriage of this parasite. Where it is necessary to search for the cause of the disease. The doctor should ask the patient more about how he eats, whether his weight is stable, whether there is a belching, heartburn, what a chair.
Diagnosis of lambliasis: analysis on the lamblia
In the laboratory do a scoproscopy( lambliasis analysis), duodenal sounding( enter through the mouth a special tube with a probe for collecting the contents of the duodenum to detect active lamblia forms), check the presence of antibodies in the blood. This is a laboratory diagnosis of Giardiasis.
Sometimes it happens that from the first time lamblia can not be identified. Therefore, it is necessary to take tests 3-5 times at a certain time.
How to treat lamblia and giardiasis?
Before you treat Giardia, you must pass all the tests. At a lambliasis hospitalization is not required - it is possible to be treated and at home. Although children are still recommended to be sent to a hospital, as it will be necessary to constantly take tests. Also, stay in the hospital is recommended to patients who have small children in the family to isolate the infectious patient. How to treat giardiasis, what medications to use for this - the doctor decides.
Lamblias and Giardiasis: treatment of
Treatment of Giardiasis begins with the fact that patients are prescribed metronidazole drug. It is taken within 7-10 days. Of course, this is not the disease, after which it is necessary to recover for six months, but after 10 days the patient is not ready for "work and defense".
Treatment of lamblia is prolonged. The recovery period lasts 2 weeks. At this time the patient must comply with the diet and diet( table number 4), take enzymes, antispasmodics, enterosorbents and products with bifidobacteria to restore intestinal microflora.
Folk treatment of lamblia and giardiasis
Folk treatment of lamblia is quite possible. In the recovery period, astringent and choleretic herbs will be useful. Any folk treatment of giardiasis should be coordinated with your doctor.
Prevention of lamblia and giardiasis
Prevention of lamblia should be permanent. Immunity develops only for 6-12 months. There are no vaccinations.
What are the rules that must be followed to prevent giardiasis? Adherence to hygiene is a guarantee of health and a guarantee that you will not get any intestinal infection.
How to get rid of lamblia
Before you get rid of lamblia once and for all, you need to undergo a full course of treatment.
The first stage of is preparatory, its duration is from 2 to 4 weeks. During this period, you need to increase the body's defenses and eliminate intoxication. Doctors recommend choleretic herbs, but-shpu, intestinal sorbents. In the diet of the patient it is desirable to introduce porridges, bran, baked apples, pears, vegetables, cranberries, cranberries, vegetable oil. It is necessary to drink more than usual water.
At the 2nd stage of , treatment is performed with trichopole and furazolidone. There are other means, such as mamoror, tiberal, intetriks. The prescribed drugs are prescribed only by a doctor, in no case do not self-medicate!
Treatment of lamblia and lambliasis with folk remedies
At the third stage of , the patient is prescribed intestinal sorbents, immunostimulating drugs, vitamin therapy, herbal therapy( broth of bearberry, birch buds), propolis. It is desirable at this time to eat salads from beets more often, and to drink beet, cowberry and cranberry decoctions. Treatment of lamblia with folk remedies requires constant laboratory control.
It is possible to re-infection with Giardiasis, so it is very important that the child observe all hygiene measures. In the treatment of giardiasis folk remedies the risk of transition to a chronic form increases many times.
When the microflora suffers
Can lambliasis lead to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract? Yes, lamblia damages the villi of the intestinal mucosa and prevents them from performing their functions normally. As a result, various gastrointestinal diseases can develop.
Causes of lamblia and giardiasis
Bad odor from the mouth, abdominal pain indicate the presence of pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. However, it is impossible to determine which department is affected.especially since it is necessary to take into account the causes of lamblia. It is always an infection with a parasitic form of protozoa. If they are not identified in the analysis, then talk about the disease is not worth it.
Pain around the navel is signaled not only about problems in the small intestine. It can be a defeat of the pancreas, gall bladder and stomach, too, though rarely. These diseases have a slightly different etiology, rather than the causes of Giardiasis.
Such symptoms often appear in duodenitis, cholecystitis, gastritis, pancreatitis, dyskinesia biliary tract. Define the disease will help only a thorough examination, ultrasound, gastroscopy.
Giardiasis can become chronic and worsen with reduced immunity? Since the period of acute clinical manifestations with lambliasis is often absent or the manifestations of the disease are very implicit, the patient can long to visit a specialist and the disease acquires a long, chronic course. But if the patient nevertheless turned to a doctor and he revealed a lambliasis, a person will be treated, and he will finally get rid of the disease. There is no such thing that lambliasis can not be cured.
Is it worth to be tested on Giardia to all family members? If one person falls ill in a family, it is worth to be surveyed for all family members, since there is a considerable probability of getting infected. But to be treated before the diagnosis is not necessary. In general, it is harmful to swallow tablets without first determining whether there is an agent in the body.
Diet for Giardiasis
A special diet is required for giardiasis. The microflora of the intestine consists of friendly and conditionally pathogenic bacteria, which in small amounts do not harm the body in any way. If a person has lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, then it is not recommended to eat a lot of sweet( that is, carbohydrates).
The fact is that conventionally pathogenic organisms adore sweets. On this environment, they begin to multiply actively and tighten the normal microflora. Because of this, there is fermentation in the intestine and the disease is aggravated. However, we must understand that these bacteria were in the body before.
And here ljamblii conditionally pathogenic microbes are not considered. You can get sick by getting infected from someone. So if a person is sweet, but observes the rules of hygiene, lamblia does not threaten him.
Bifidobacteria, contained in fermented milk products, may prevent lamblia from actively multiplying, but they will not be able to completely expel them from the body.
Do parasites cause allergies? Of course. For example, Giardia disrupt the metabolism of the body, which often contributes to the development of food allergies. And helminths often secrete strong allergens, to which the immune system responds. In some cases, the cause of allergies is the death of the parasite in the human body( for example, with filariasis).
Can I do helminthiosis prevention in children without examinations? Many people do that. Instead of washing their hands more often, they want to take a miracle pill that will protect them from any infections and so that they can safely drink from a puddle. I would not advise taking anything, not knowing what you're treating. All drugs have side effects. And if there is no infection in the body, people just vainly poison themselves.
Changing the color or consistency of the stool is a sign of a parasitic infection? It is possible to suspect helminthiasis when you saw yourself directly in the feces of the worm. Then certainly not make a mistake. With pinworms still itching appears. However, this symptom may arise for other reasons. And for the consistency of stool and strange sensations in the stomach, helminthiasis is suspected, as a rule, by patients with neuropsychiatric disorders.
Folk remedies for lamblia
To any parasite this environment is really unpleasant. As for helminths, it's difficult to say, but as prevention from various pathogens these products can be consumed. Folk remedies for lamblia help only if they are used correctly.
Why does the southern cuisine abound with spicy dishes? Because in a warm weather conditions a great many different pathogens develop, the products quickly deteriorate. A burning garlic and pepper have antibacterial properties.
On the other hand, these products strongly irritate the gastrointestinal tract and can even damage the mucosa. So you can not use them in large quantities, of course.