A lot of mucus in the feces of the baby: what the symptom says, why it appears and what to do about it
Cal in a child and an adult has significant differences. This is due to the fact that in children the body is only being formed and therefore its intestine functions somewhat differently. In addition, the child's nutrition plays an important role. Feces of babies can have a variety of characteristics in terms of color, smell, consistency.
The fact that it contains mucus in small quantities, according to pediatricians, is the norm and the parents of the child should not worry about this. If there is a lot of mucus, then it can talk about various diseases of the digestive system, and in this case, parents need to consult a doctor to avoid possible complications in the health of the child.
- 1 Mucus norm in the infant's chair
- 2 Why does the mucus form a lot of mucus in the feces of
- 3 What to do with the appearance of mucus in the feces of the baby
Mucus in the stool of the baby
The gastrointestinal tract consists of a variety of cell types that perform a variety of functions. Mucous cells produce mucus - a substance that protects the walls of the intestine and stomach from various effects.
Due to the fact that the gastrointestinal tract of the baby is not yet adapted to full digestion of food, it produces significantly more mucus than the intestines in children from one year. A year is the approximate age of a child, to which his intestines get used to the extrauterine existence and the production of mucus comes to normal.
The first feces that appears in a baby after birth are called meconium. It is a thick sterile substance of black color and viscous consistency. A few days later, the newborn's chair becomes mushy, has a golden color and is characterized by an acidic odor. The number of mucous inclusions in the feces of the baby is moderate and constant.
If the feces of the baby become greenish and contains mucus more than usual, this is not a cause for concern. It is important to monitor how the child behaves. If he is at peace with this, has a good appetite, then there is no cause for concern. The increase in the amount of mucus in the stool is also considered the norm in the case that it occurs within a short period of time.
From the moment of birth and up to three months, the intestine of the baby is gradually colonized by microorganisms. By the end of this period, and sometimes a little earlier, the child acquires a natural microflora of his intestine. During this period, mucus is also present in the baby's stool, and its amount varies depending on the state of the digestive system.
The intestinal microflora consists of both beneficial bacteria and opportunistic bacteria. The first participate in the process of digestion, the production of vitamins and amino acids, the formation of the immune system. The latter occupy a neutral position and normally do not bring any harm or benefit if the balance between the useful and opportunistic microflora of the intestine is in balance. When this balance is disturbed, digestive problems arise, and sometimes infectious diseases of the intestine.
Sometimes it happens that the process of formation of the intestinal microflora in the child is somewhat delayed. Usually this happens with children who are on artificial feeding. The organism of children who are breastfed, copes much faster with the formation of microflora. The type of feeding also affects the presence of mucus in the feces of the child: with artificial feeding it is slightly less than with breastfeeding.
In case of timely introduction of complementary foods - at the age of up to six months, the stool of the baby changes in terms of color and consistency, and the amount of mucus in it increases. If the child develops normally and feels well, this large amount of mucus is not something dangerous.
In the growth process of the baby, his intestines are accustomed to digesting food and other conditions of extrauterine existence, which causes an increase in the amount of mucus in his feces.
Why does a lot of mucus appear in the feces of the baby
The volume of mucus in the feces of the baby can increase for various reasons:
- intestinal infections of acute form
- intestinal invaginitis
- inaccuracies in nutrition
- lactase deficiency
- taking certain medications
Dysbacteriosis. At the stage of formation of microflora, the child is most susceptible to various diseases. At this time, dysbiosis can develop - one of the main problems of the intestines in infants. It arises when opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms begin to prevail over useful ones and cause disturbances in the child's stool. Light forms of the disease are characterized by the appearance of more mucus in the stool, the occurrence of flatulence and constipation.
For more severe forms, diarrhea, mucosal and fecal inclusions in feces are characteristic. If the mucus in the stool of the baby is red, then this indicates a mucosa ulcer of the digestive tract. Acute intestinal infections. Often, the increase in mucus in the stool of the infant indicates the development of an infectious disease. The list of these diseases is wide enough:
- intestinal flu
- other diseases
These pathologies differ in that they can cause inflammation of the intestinal mucosa,mucus in the feces. In order to distinguish an infectious disease from a dysbacteriosis, it is necessary to hand over special analyzes.
Details of your baby's chair in the thematic video:
Intestinal invaginitis. This disease is considered one of the most dangerous. In case of suspicion of him, you need to immediately call an ambulance. As a result of intestinal invaginitis, partial intestinal obstruction arises. The disease has such symptoms as severe pain and uncontrollable vomiting. The feces of the child become more liquid, has mucous and blood inclusions, and after a day completely loses a normal appearance and is a mixture of lumps of mucus and blood veins. Accuracies in the food. Wrong diet is one of the possible causes of changes in the stool of the baby. Insufficient amount of liquid, irrational introduction of complementary foods and very long breaks between meals - the reasons why the amount of mucus in the stool can increase. In addition to increasing the amount of mucus, the characteristics of the feces of the infants also change.
Lactase insufficiency. Some children have a congenital deficiency of a special enzyme necessary for the assimilation of milk - lactase. As a result of his deficiency, the intestine begins the process of fermentation, the child suffers from pain, flatulence, diarrhea, and in his chair there are inclusions of lumps of milk and mucus.
Allergies. If the baby suffers from allergies, then the first manifestations of this deviation are various skin lesions. If the allergic reaction affects the functioning of the intestinal mucosa, then in the feces of the child the amount of mucus increases.
Medications. Sometimes, increasing the amount of mucus in the feces of the baby does not mean that the baby is sick. This phenomenon can be triggered by the intake of certain medicines.
If the amount of mucus increases in the feces of the child, and there are other signs of development of any pathologies, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
What to do if mucus appears in the feces of a baby
The effective work of the body's defense system in many cases will provide the child with the opportunity to cope with many diseases alone, as a result of which changes in the feces of the baby are occurring.
Parents should take care that the child has suitable conditions in which his body will receive the necessary nutrition, and the immune system will be strengthened. Also it should be remembered that in the first weeks of life the stool of the baby is especially variable due to the formation of microflora.
In any case, before starting any treatment for a child, you should contact a qualified specialist. If, in addition to deviations in the stool of the child, he suffers from other signs of illness, a trip to the doctor is mandatory. The specialist will conduct the necessary tests, depending on which he will prescribe a specific treatment for a particular disease that provokes an increase in mucus in the stool of the baby.
In the treatment of dysbacteriosis complex long-term therapy is used, which includes not only the means for suppressing pathogenic microflora, but also the preparations with which the useful is restored. Therapy of intestinal invaginitis can be performed exclusively by a surgeon, which uses the barium enema to spread the intestines of the child.
If the increase in mucus is caused by improper feeding or malnutrition of the baby, the expert will give recommendations on how to feed the baby better. With lactase deficiency, dairy products are excluded from the baby's diet, or they prescribe a special enzyme preparation if the baby is breast-fed.
In any case, regardless of the disease, treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor. It is impossible to carry out the treatment of the child on their own, especially when using various probiotics. When there is a lot of mucus in the feces of a child, it needs to be shown to the doctor and, depending on his recommendations, to conduct appropriate therapy.
Mucus in the feces of the baby is normal. Its amount depends on the state of the intestine and its microflora. In some cases, the amount of mucus may increase and if this occurs against the background of other negative symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. In no case should you yourself try to treat the child, because in this way you can worsen the situation.
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