4Mar

Bacterial tonsillitis: causes, symptoms and treatment

The pain in the throat often arises very sharply and spontaneously: in the evening, when you go to bed, you feel completely healthy, and when you wake up in the middle of the night or in the morning, you find that your throat has turned into a painful lump that prevents you from drinking, eating and talking. Then the headache, high fever, weakness, lack of appetite and aches in the whole body are added to the overall picture. All these symptoms indicate the development of bacterial tonsillitis - an infectious disease of the throat, which is accompanied by inflammation of the palatine tonsils.

Development of bacterial tonsillitis and its difference from viral

As you can guess from the name, the cause of this disease is bacteria. Most often, bacterial tonsillitis is caused by streptococci and staphylococci.

The onset of the disease is considered to be the ingestion of a large number of microbes into the body, whose immunity is weakened at that moment as a result of stress, hypothermia, mental or physical fatigue, etc. Symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis do not take long to wait, as a rule, the first signs appear after 5-12hours after contact with the carrier of the disease or a stressful situation that undermined immune protection.

Most bacteria that can cause tonsillitis are present in the human body all the time and are waiting for a convenient moment to develop their "stormy activity" and provoke a disease.

The difference between bacterial tonsillitis and viral, in addition to pathogens, is the nature of the inflammatory process in the tonsils. In the viral course of the disease, the tonsils simply increase in size and become painful, while in bacterial tonsillitis their tissues undergo changes, ulcers develop in them, and plaque develops on the surface. In addition, with the virus tonsillitis the body in most cases is able to cope on its own, and to get rid of bacterial tonsillitis you need antibiotics.

Causes of bacterial tonsillitis in a child

One of the main causes of bacterial tonsillitis is close contact with a sick person, the bacteria from which can be transmitted in several ways:

  • through general bedding;
  • during kissing;
  • when using shared utensils.

Bacterial tonsillitis in a child can be caused by non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene in kindergarten or school. Microbes can be transmitted together with common office supplies, with active communication.

Young children are particularly hard to tolerate the disease and therefore it is very important to find it on time and immediately begin treatment. Recognize the disease in a young child can be on the following grounds:

  • increased capriciousness without reason;
  • periodic crying;
  • lethargy and drowsiness;
  • refusal to eat.

There may also be increased salivation, swollen lymph nodes and redness of the throat. More clearly see yourself what the bacterial tonsillitis looks like from the photos below:

Treatment of bacterial tonsillitis at home: antibiotics and rinses

Treatment of bacterial tonsillitis should be started immediately, therefore, when the first symptoms of the disease should be sent to the doctor. It is not worthwhile prescribing medications to yourself and taking them, as improper therapy of the disease can lead to the development of complications.

As a rule, the treatment of symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis occurs with the use of antibiotics, the course of treatment is from 7 to 10 days. Patients are advised to comply with strict bed rest, even though after the start of antibiotics on day 3-4, there is a marked improvement in general condition and there is a surge of vitality. For the duration of the illness, one should refrain from walking and visiting places of mass gathering.

In addition to antibiotics for the treatment of bacterial tonsillitis at home, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agents based on paracetamol and ibuprofen are used. In the presence of a strong swelling of the throat, antihistamines are prescribed, and for the removal of unpleasant sensations in the throat - tablets and lozenges for resorption.

It is also recommended to make frequent mouth and throat rinsing to cleanse the tonsils from plaque and pus, as well as to moisten the mucous and remove discomfort. For this purpose, the following can be used:

  • soda and salt solutions;
  • solution of furacilin;
  • solutions with the addition of essential oils of tea tree, fir, eucalyptus, cedar, etc.;
  • herbal decoctions of chamomile and sage.

The room in which the patient is located should be well ventilated and subject to daily wet cleaning using disinfectants.

For the prompt elimination of an organism intoxication it is recommended to provide the patient with an abundant slightly sour drink. It can be tea with lemon, as well as cranberry or cranberry mors.

To provoke bacteria is very simple, so you need to protect your health and strengthen your immune system so that they do not stand a chance. Knowing how to treat bacterial tonsillitis and following the doctor's recommendations, you can quickly get rid of the disease and avoid complications.