Before you understand the symptoms and causes of gingivitis in children, you should know that this is an inflammatory disease in the mucous membrane of the mouth, namely the gums. The causes of its occurrence, medicine divides into the vernal and internal.
- 1 External causes of gingivitis
- 2 Internal causes of gingivitis
- 3 Symptoms of gingivitis
- 4 Types of gingivitis in children
- 5 Treatment and prevention of disease
External causes of gingivitis
Children under one year and in the early development period are susceptible to this disease due to the process of teething. At this time, kids very often and very actively pull into the mouth of a variety of objects that are capable of causing trauma to the tender mucous gums. In addition to all this, gingivitis occurs when injuring the mucous membrane of the gums in the event of improper installation of the seal, or the edge of the temporary fracturing tooth.
External causes of gingivitis include different infections as well. Especially active it can develop in the oral cavity, affected by a carious focus. Children who suffer from diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis nephropathy, are most susceptible to gingivitis.
Internal causes of gingivitis
These include such reasons as:
- physiological dentition. There are cases when a new growing tooth, breaking its way, injures the mucous membrane of the gum;
- an unbalanced diet and an acute shortage of vitamins in the baby's diet;
- suppression of immunity.
Very often gingivitis is only a symptom of other diseases that are of a general nature. Can act as a disease of the independent.
Symptomatics of gingivitis
In its types, inflammation of gingivitis is divided into such indicative species:
- is hypertrophic;
- is ulcerative-necrotic;
Each of the above gingivitis can occur in acute and chronic form.
Acute gingivitis - visually easily determined when examined by a child's specialist. All children's complaints, when this disease occurs, are limited to the usual pain in the oral cavity. At an early age, a child can refuse to eat, be whiny and irritable.
All classical signs of this inflammatory process are observed in the oral cavity. This is the redness of the mucosa, its puffiness;frequent bleeding of the gums, the appearance of sores on the outer shell of the mucous gum. As a rule, the amount of plaque on the teeth increases with gingivitis.
Symptoms of chronic gingivitis are less pronounced, and the picture of the process of inflammation itself is practically smeared. In addition, in adolescents and young children, there is a special form of gingivitis in a chronic form - hypertrophic chronic gingivitis. This form of gingivitis occurs and develops against the background of changes in hormonal and in children with epilepsy. With chronic hypertrophic gingivitis, the interdental papillae grow very strongly, which supports the inflammatory process in the oral cavity. Hypertrophic proliferation of tissues is removed by surgical intervention.
Types of gingivitis in children
Catarrhal gingivitis. This is the most common form that occurs in young children. In general, the course of gingivitis in this form is accompanied by sensations of pain in the mouth, unpleasant odor emissions. When cleaning teeth, or eating food, bleeding gums may occur.
Ulcerative gingivitis. He, in most of his cases, is a consequence of catarrhal gingivitis. It can occur against a background of child hypothermia, after a severe infectious disease, or, again, with teething. Symptomatology consists in the following: edema, reddening and then blueing of the mucous membrane of the gums, their bleeding.
Ulcerative necrotic gingivitis . This is the most severe form of this disease. It is observed, as a rule, against the background of the general severe state of the organism. In the case of ulcerative necrotic gingivitis, the gums are covered with a touch of gray and green, ulcers appear;Increases the viscosity of saliva, and the mouth smells of rot.
Atrophic gingivitis. Acts as a consequence of inadequate dental intervention in the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity. The process of inflammation, with this form of gingivitis, has a low degree. Children's complaints of pain in the mouth may be completely absent. Diagnosis of atrophic gingivitis can only be performed by a specialist and only on the basis of a complete examination of the patient.
Treatment and prevention of the disease
In the treatment of gingivitis, it is recommended to make an irrigation of the oral mucosa with a solution of potassium permanganate 0.25%, or rinse with 0.5% solution of baking soda. You can also do rinsing with hydrogen peroxide with a 3% solution, potassium permanganate with a slightly pink solution, and gums around the edges should be treated with resorcinol. From the children's menu, cold and hot meals are temporarily excluded, food should be slightly warm. The same recommendations should be applied to beverages.
The correct organization of nutrition is of great importance in the treatment of children's gingivitis. The menu should include enough vitamins of group A, B, C, D, microelements. If the cause of gingivitis is another common disease, then it is just necessary to take care of it also.
For the prevention of gingivitis, it is recommended to follow simple rules of oral hygiene. Children should brush their teeth daily with a toothbrush with a soft bristle brush. To clean the teeth it is desirable to use pastes, which in their composition contain antiseptic components. As a consequence of the transferred gingivitis, various periodontal diseases can occur, which can cause early loss of temporary and even permanent teeth in children.
Below is a list of medications that are used in the treatment of gingivitis, but before using which, a doctor's consultation is obligatory: ambazone, bikltimol, benzidamine, hexicon, hexalysis.