Hemorrhoids arise from damage to the vessels of the rectum, accompanied by an increase or loss of nodes. If a person is healthy, then the hemorrhoidal nodes are in the anus of the person. Disease of this kind refers to problems with blood vessels. The hemorrhoids themselves are small vascular structures that are located in the lower part of the rectum. Adverse factors start acting on the vessels, and hemorrhoids develop.
- 1 Anatomical features and causes of hemorrhoids
- 2 How to diagnose hemorrhoids? Necessary analyzes and procedures
- 3 How is hemorrhoids treated?
- 4 What happens if you do not treat hemorrhoids?
Anatomical features and causes of hemorrhoids
With prolonged exposure to negative factors in the nodes, blood stasis is noted, which leads to an increase in their size. If internal nodes increase, then we are talking about internal hemorrhoids. When inflammation of external nodes is diagnosed with external hemorrhoids.
In most cases there is an increase in both external and internal nodes. This type of hemorrhoids is combined. This disease is common. A rich network of vessels is formed by supplying the anal canal with arteries. From the lower cavity of the rectum and anus there are two venous ducts. If the outflow of blood from the hemorrhoids is for some reason difficult, then the disease develops.
The vessel of the hemorrhoidal nodes changes in size due to swelling. The causes of hemorrhoids can be many, among them, as a rule, are allocated:
- A small amount of food fibers used in food
- Pregnancy, childbirth and as a result of increased pressure in the abdominal cavity
- Regular stool rest
- Fixed lifestyle, sedentary work
- Excessive usealcoholic drinks
- Systematic lifting of gravity and the presence of large physical exertion
- Eating large amounts of spicy food
To provoke the appearance of a diseaseEven one of the above reasons can be used. If a person leads a sedentary lifestyle, he does not eat right, he is at risk.
Annually the number of cases increases. A tendency to such an ailment has people of different age categories.
How to diagnose hemorrhoids? Necessary tests and procedures
Diagnosis of hemorrhoids is a simple procedure. What will happen if you do not treat hemorrhoids? If it is not timely to diagnose and not start treatment, then it is fraught with numerous complications that significantly hamper human life. The diagnosis - a hemorrhoids can be put already on the first inspection. Upon examination, the doctor discovers a noticeable prolapse of hemorrhoids, bleeding of varying degrees.
In some cases, an anoscopy is performed. This procedure consists in placing in the anus of a small holy ball for the purpose of examining the lower part of the rectum. This procedure can bring a little discomfort, but does not need the use of pain medication. In the course of the diagnostic examination, the doctor can detect the presence of anal fissures, which are the cause of soreness and bleeding, loss of part or all of the rectum, rare forms of cancer and a large number of other causes of the person's discomfort.
How is hemorrhoids treated?
The main treatment for this disease is to change the way of life. First of all, you need to change the menu, adding a large amount of dietary fiber to the diet, eliminating excessively spicy and fatty foods. A large number of fibers are found in apples, grains, dried fruits, vegetables. Every day you need to consume at least 20-30 grams of fiber. It is possible and the use of home treatment if the disease is not started.
After each act of defecation, it is advisable to take sedentary baths for 10-15 minutes. This method helps to reduce bleeding and soreness in the anal area. After each bath, the skin around the focus of inflammation should be carefully wiped with a soft cloth.
If a person suffers from constipation, it is advisable to consume a large amount of liquid every day. To ease constipation, you can by eating enough green vegetables. It is also important to include a large number of dietary fiber in the diet.
To improve a person's condition, effective laxatives will help. However, care must be taken in selecting them. Excessively thin stools can cause infection in the anus. In order that the symptoms of hemorrhoids are not exacerbated, you should try to lead a mobile lifestyle. Essential medicines for hemorrhoids should be purchased according to the prescription of the attending physician. Drugs without a doctor's prescription can only reduce the symptoms for a short time. As a rule, the doctor prescribes creams, ointments, foams and candles.
Ointments are applied a small layer around the damaged area. Self-medication is not recommended, as this can lead to even greater complications. In acute hemorrhoids, effective local anesthetic drugs are used. In severe pain syndrome non-narcotic analgesics are prescribed.
What happens if you do not treat hemorrhoids?
It is not recommended to start hemorrhoids. In the early stages of the course of the disease from unpleasant consequences can easily be eliminated. The process of treating hemorrhoids is long, but if all the requirements are met, the result of treatment will be positive. The triggered inflammatory focus is very difficult to cure.
If you do not start treatment of the disease, then it can soon develop into another, more complex by nature disease, including oncology. At the advanced stages, most likely, we can not do without surgical intervention. The operated hemorrhoids may from time to time make themselves felt.
Untimely treatment of hemorrhoids threatens the development of thrombosis of hemorrhoids, purulent inflammation of the rectum.
Based on the above information, the conclusion suggests that if a long time does not take any action, then the probability of the occurrence of destructive processes of the rectum is high. It is not recommended to refuse treatment of such a disease. It is mandatory to seek professional help in the clinic and make every effort to get rid of such an unpleasant disease soon.
"Sitting" disease - hemorrhoids. Details of the disease in the video:
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