The plant belongs to perennial herbs, it has one stem that grows upwards, and the length of which usually is up to two meters. The roots are powerful, well developed, reach a length of about one meter.
Throughout its entire length, the roots form the kidneys, from which the stem originates. The leaves have an oval shape, pointed tips, a solid edge. Their location on the trunk: thanks to a short spine they sit on the stem in the next order. The plant has a large flower that is widely open, colored brightly in pink or purple. The flowers are collected in the form of a conical brush on the top of the willow-tea. The fossil of the spray is a box of elongated shape, the length of which is about 6-7 cm and contains up to 20 thousand seeds. The specific feature of the plant is that the seeds have fluff, due to which the seeds travel through the air a considerable distance .Also characteristic feature of the spray is that its seeds are able to grow even after a long time( up to several years) after they fall into the soil. The flowering period of the willow-tea occurs in the summer( mid-June-mid-August), the fruits are formed during the same time.
- 1 Distribution
- 1 Plant composition
- 2 Plant composition
- 3 Workpiece technology
- 4 Collection of willow tea
- 5 Plant wither
- 6 Fermentation of willow tea
- 7 Drying
- 8 IVAN tea storage
- 9 Application of willow tea
in nature grows in nature in the whole of Russia. The favorite place of this plant is felling, forest edges, glades, areas around water bodies and near roads.
Composition of the plant
In the recipes of folk medicine apply the underground part of ivan-tea, which includes part of the rhizome and root, and aboveground, consisting of flowers, leaves and stems .In the roots of the spray can be found the content of flavonoids, tannins, mucous components, starch and carotenoids. In the flowers of the plant, tannins, flavonoids, ascorbic acid( vitamin C), mucous substances, coumarins, essential oils and sugars are found.
In the leaves you can find some tannins, ascorbic acid, flavone compounds, carotene, mucus, alkaloids, kempferon, quercetin, iron, manganese, copper, nickel, titanium, boron and molybdenum.
Preparing medicinal raw materials begin in the summer, in June and August. When the plant blossomed , collect its overhead half, and in the late fall, dig up the rhizome with the root. Ivan-tea differs from ordinary herbs in that it takes a little effort of to get the most out of it. Classical technology of spraying includes the stages of collection of leaves and flowers, podvylivaniya, grinding, fermentation and drying.
Collection of willow-tea
The plant must be collected at the time when it blooms, until the moment when all the flowers have completely opened in its brush. Blooms from the end of June until the beginning of autumn. At the end of August, the seeds ripen on the lower branches. Inside, there is fluff, which is highly undesirable in collection. After tearing off the leaves and flowers are decomposed separately. It is recommended to collect parts of ivan-tea in dry weather, do not do this after the rain. It is necessary to consider unsuitable plants that are smeared with dust, dirt, something amazed and sick. Also they do not collect a spray that grows along roadways. A necessary part for medicinal tinctures and decoctions is the aerial half, so it is possible to harvest the plant by cutting or breaking it in the middle, or closer to the bottom.
The medicinal raw material is prepared by several methods, which must be taken into account when preparing various dosage forms( tinctures, decoctions, etc.).
The first method: to make a neat cutting of the upper part of the grass without the stem. Do it when the willow-tea blooms. The raw material is dried in the shade, then finely ground. The second method: produce a separate preparation of leaves and flowers of spray. The third method will be described below.
Preparation of rhizomes and roots is carried out in the beginning of autumn. They are thoroughly cleaned of dirt, washed, then dried in a dryer, oven or oven at a temperature of about 80 ° C.They are then cut and dried in an oven or oven at a low temperature( 20 ° C).
And at the end of spring( in May), it is possible to harvest the tops of growing young shoots, from which a magnificent tea is obtained.
Waxing of the
plant After harvesting a part of the plant, the plants are laid out on a litter of fabric with a layer that is less than five centimeters thick. Then it is left in the shade for a while( about 10 hours), periodically it is necessary to pervert that everything would dry out evenly. In this case, the plants should not dry, but only wither .Then, the raw materials are kneaded until the stage when a small amount of juice is released, in order to further accelerate the fermentation of the collection. There are two ways of kneading:
- The leaves are taken by handfuls and rolled in the palms in the form of a roll, about half the size of a standard sausage. They must be crushed until they begin to excrete juice;
- The second method is faster. The leaves are rolled a couple of times on a cutting board with a rolling pin, and then cut.
Practical experience has shown that to speed up fermentation the first method is more effective.
Fermentation of IVAN-tea
In order to pass fermentation, it is necessary to place the cut leaves in a container( deep cup, pan, pan, can) and leave it in a warm place or in the sun for several hours or days, which will depend on the activity of the process. It is desirable that the temperature is maintained at about 25 ° C.The container should be covered with a damp cloth, which should not dry out.
Leaves periodically need to mix. When they are ready, they will darken. And the longer fermentation lasts, the darker the shade will be for the leaves. On the readiness can also be judged by the change in the fragrance of the mixture, when the herbal smell will be replaced by a floral one.
The last step in the treatment of the plant is the drying process. This can be done in two ways:
- In a frying pan, with a slow warm-up for about 30 minutes. At the end of the process, the fire is slightly increased. This method requires close attention. Finished grass in color resembles ordinary black tea with a rich aroma. When pressure is applied, it is not the breakage that occurs, but the scattering of tea leaves of willow-tea;
- The second method is drying in the oven at a temperature of about 100C for forty minutes. Every 10-15 minutes, you need to open the oven and mix the leaves. The result should be a complete drying of the leaves and the acquisition of a dark color.
And it should be noted that the color of tea will determine not the drying, but the degree of fermentation. Drying will only stop this process.
Storage of willow-tea
Store prepared dry tea leaves recommended in glass cans that have a tight lid. Finally ready for consumption, it will be about four weeks, and over time, its useful properties improve. It is also possible to store in bags of paper: flowers and leaves for two years, roots - three years.
Application of IVAN-tea
Medicinal tinctures and decoctions from the spray have the following action: anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, astringent, diaphoretic and enveloping. Also, ivan-tea is able to exert a pronounced sedative effect on the human body( the mechanism and therapeutic effect of this plant's infusion is close to the mechanism of action of valerian).Due to this, this herb is used in the case of neuroses, increased excitability, aggressiveness, sleep disturbance, frequent night insomnia, with a sense of anxiety and sharp mood swings.
An aqueous solution of grass is used as an anesthetic in the case of headache, as an enveloping drug for diseases of the digestive tract( ulcers, colitis, gastritis, dysbacteriosis, etc.).
The anti-inflammatory effect of cyprus is successfully used to treat pathology of the urogenital tract( inflammation of the urinary tract, acute and chronic cystitis).For males, the herb will be useful as a means of treating chronic inflammation of the prostate and its benign tumor( adenoma).Due to this effect, Ivan-tea received deserved recognition from men and was called "male grass".
The antibacterial effect of this useful plant is used when it is topically applied to the oral cavity for angina, stomatitis and gingivitis. And the content of ascorbic acid, manganese and iron in the chemical composition of ivan tea makes it possible to use its infusion as an additional means for the therapy of anemia due to lack of iron in the body, as well as bleeding( hemorrhoidal, nasal, uterine).
This medicinal herb also has the ability to purify the body, can enhance immune defense and improve blood composition. It is due to its cleansing properties that it is very useful for the treatment of malignant tumors of the body, as when it is used, toxins in the body decrease. Also because of this property, the spray is used to treat patients suffering from alcoholism and other types of poisoning of patients.
Due to its antiviral effect, the plant is used as a prophylaxis for exacerbation of seasonal viral infections( influenza, ARI).
In addition to all of the above, decoctions of Ivan-tea help to strengthen hair and improve their appearance. They are also useful for the skin.
This plant does not have any known contraindications, therefore it is approved for use even by pregnant women. Its composition includes many useful substances, including vitamins, which contribute positively to the healing of wounds and the normal course of the pregnancy process. Also, it is recommended to use the spray to relieve pain in the gums in infants during teething, due to the presence of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.