At the atrial fibrillation, the heart stops working synchronously, its atria and ventricles begin to "tremble" or "flicker" instead of full-blown abbreviations.
Because of the indiscriminate "flicker", the heart's work worsens and its ability to supply blood to organs and tissues decreases, which leads to serious consequences for the whole organism.
Causes of atrial fibrillation
- 1 Causes of atrial fibrillation
- 2 Symptoms of the disease
The main reason is the malfunctioning of the conduction system of the heart, in which the order of contraction of cardiac fibers is disturbed. The emergence of pathology contributes to various factors. Specialists distinguish the following causes of atrial fibrillation: cardiac and non-cardiac. The first group includes various pathologies of the heart and blood vessels, which in young people are most often associated with congenital malformations of the valvular apparatus of the heart, and in the elderly - with such diseases as:
- myocardial infarction;
- heart failure.
- For non-cardiological reasons are:
- thyroid pathologies and other diseases of the endocrine system;
- strong stress;
- intoxication of the body with medicinal products, narcotic substances or alcohol;
- diabetes mellitus.
If the patient is not diagnosed with atrial fibrillation in time, the consequences can be sad. Because of the irregular compression of the heart chambers, blood stagnates in them, which threatens the formation of blood clots. As a result of contraction of the heart muscle, thrombi enter the bloodstream and are carried throughout the body - this can cause blockage of the cerebral arteries with the development of ischemic stroke. According to statistics, the risk of stroke in patients with arrhythmia increases sevenfold. The consequences of arrhythmia also include: heart attack, severe heart failure and cardiac arrest.
Symptoms of the disease
Different pathology manifests itself differently in different patients.
Some patients do not feel any discomfort at all and learn about their diagnosis based on the results of the planned ECG.
Others complain of heart palpitations, chest pains, panic attacks, dyspnoea, dizziness and weakness.
Depending on the frequency and intensity of contractions, physicians distinguish three types of atrial fibrillation:
The doctor selects drugs to treat atrial fibrillation, based on the clinical picture of the patient. Most commonly used the following drugs with atrial fibrillation of the heart: beta-blockers, antiarrhythmics, cardiac glycosides, anticoagulants and antiaggregants.
Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation is indicated if medication does not help the patient. In medical practice, two main methods are used:
- Radiofrequency or laser ablation - moxibustion of a small area of the heart to remove cells that generate "incorrect" pulses.
- The implantation of a pacemaker is a device that restores a normal heart rhythm.
For those suffering from atrial fibrillation, diet is important. Nutrition with atrial fibrillation must necessarily include dried fruits, lactic products, honey, citrus fruits, walnuts, peanuts, almonds, vegetable oils. Patients with arrhythmia are forbidden to eat fat, fatty meat, coffee, alcohol and chocolate.