Since the second and throughout the third trimester of pregnancy, many women are often concerned about discomfort in the back and lower back. Pain at first is aching and closer to childbirth becomes more intense and more frequent. Discomfort in the back can occur even in those women who had no problems before pregnancy.
To understand why the back hurts during pregnancy, it is necessary to understand the causes of the pain.
- Moving the center of gravity due to weight gain.
- Problems with the spine before pregnancy.
- Wearing high-heeled shoes during pregnancy.
- Loosening of the ligamentous apparatus during pregnancy.
- Hormonal reorganization of the body in the body of a pregnant woman.
- Infectious and colds.
- Increase in the tone of the uterus and the threat of miscarriage.
- Braxton-Hicks fictitious fights in the late term.
- Poor physical fitness, weak back muscles.
- Lack of calcium in the body.
Moving the center of gravity in the pregnant woman - the main cause of back pain
All women during pregnancy gain weight. For the entire pregnancy a woman types up to 16-20 kg. Accordingly, the load on the legs and spine increases, and there are pains in the back during pregnancy.
The fruit grows with each week and adds weight, the uterus also begins to increase. At the same time the peritoneum muscles stretch and weaken, the load on the muscles of the back begins to increase and the center of gravity shifts. To maintain balance, a woman has to strain her back muscles. The woman's posture changes. The woman involuntarily deflects her shoulders back, flexes her neck and protrudes her belly forward in order to keep her balance and not fall.
Throughout pregnancy, the uterus continues to increase in size and causes discomfort for the pregnant woman. The enlarged uterus can squeeze the diaphragm, vessels and nerve endings, causing back pain. Especially it can be manifested in later terms and often in prone position.
Hormonal changes in the body that cause back pain
The body and all of its systems are intensively prepared for bearing and giving birth to a baby. The hormonal system of a woman plays one of the main roles in rebuilding the organism of a future mother. Under the action of the hormone relaxin, which secretes the placenta, the pelvic joints and intervertebral ligaments expand, become elastic. The mobility of pelvic joints is necessary for the child to pass through the birth canal during childbirth. But at the same time relaxed ligaments and joints cause pain in the lower back and in the back.
Already closer to birth, the production of estrogen in the body increases, and the level of progesterone decreases. The increase in estrogen stimulates the production of hormones that will be responsible for contraction of the uterus during childbirth.
The uterus will intensively "train" before delivery. Women will increasingly appear false fights, which will not only cause pain in the abdominal area. Toned muscles, can provoke bouts of back pain.
Sometimes the woman's hormonal system does not cope with its functions. As a result, there is an imbalance in the production of hormones. The tone of the uterus can rise, which leads to sharp pains in the lower abdomen and back. Along with bloody discharge from the vagina, these symptoms can talk about the threat of miscarriage. In such cases, it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance, do not tolerate and do not self-medicate!
Back problems before pregnancy
Women who have had back problems prior to pregnancy are already at risk. They often have pain at the very beginning of pregnancy and worry about up to the birth of a child. The risk group includes women who have( or have been):
- Spinal injuries
- Herniated disc
With such ailments, the back during pregnancy hurts more often and more intensively than in healthy women. Therefore, it is necessary to undergo a full course of treatment before the pregnancy( during the planning) or during the pregnancy, under the supervision of a doctor, to practice therapeutic gymnastics.
Inflammatory processes in the body
During pregnancy, immunity decreases. On the one hand, this is good, because it is the lowering of immunity that does not allow the woman's body to tear off the fetus as a foreign body. But due to the fact that the protective functions of the pregnant woman are reduced, chronic diseases begin to appear in the body.
Often affect the occurrence of back pain of urogenital organs. With inflammation of the kidneys or urinary pain accompanied by spasms, fever, general weakness, painful urination, worsening of the general condition, swelling. In pyelonephritis, pain can be observed from one side of the back.
In order to find out the cause of pain and prevent urogenital diseases, a pregnant woman needs to undergo a test and pass urine for analysis.
Other causes that cause back pain in pregnant women
During pregnancy, women do not recommend wearing high-heeled shoes. Since with increasing weight, the center of gravity shifts, and the load on the back becomes intense, wearing heels will only aggravate this situation. Uncomfortable shoes can cause not only back pain in pregnant women, but also a violation of blood circulation.
Also from the discomfort in the back suffer women who did not spend time on physical exercises. Weak muscles of the back can not withstand the load, which increases several times during pregnancy.
During its growth and development, the baby consumes a large amount of calcium from the mother's body. It is necessary for him for the formation of the musculoskeletal system. The mother, however, lacks this mineral component. In this regard, pregnant women recommend that you include in your diet foods that are rich in calcium or use calcium preparations during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, a woman becomes very emotional and vulnerable. Depression and stress can very often occur in pregnant women. Such emotional experiences often cause back pain. This can be explained by the fact that during stressful situations a woman involuntarily strains her back muscles and lifts her shoulders. Constant tension causes painful sensations.
Tips for pregnant women
Very rarely there are cases when a pregnant woman does not experience back pain. Much more often pregnant women experience discomfort to some extent. To bear a child happening with minimal discomfort for a woman, it is recommended to follow some simple tips.
- Exercise to strengthen and stretch muscles. Warning! Exercises and massage performed only under the supervision of a doctor.
- Kegel exercises are performed to strengthen the pelvic muscles.
- Follow the posture.
- Do not lift the weights.
- Move more, do not stay in one pose.
- Sleep on a comfortable mattress.
- Sleep in a comfortable position, preferably under the knees was a pillow( especially in the case of late dates).
- Get up from bed not abruptly.
- Take non-hot baths for relaxation.
- Control the weight.
- Wear a brace.
- Moving of the center of gravity in the pregnant
- Hormonal changes
- Back problems
- Inflammatory processes
- Other causes
In addition, we recommend that you read why the back hurts below.