Chronic and actively progressive degenerative degenerative joint disease of the shoulder is called arthrosis, which affects not only the cartilage itself, but also the bone tissue of the joint. This is due to the fact that the food of the cartilaginous tissue is broken due to injuries, even microscopic, or due to inflammation of the shoulder joint. With arthrosis, hyaline cartilage becomes thinner and begins to crack. In the cracks formed, salts( osteophytes) are deposited, which leads to even more damage to the shoulder joint. After a certain period of time, the process also reaches the bone tissue, compacting and deforming it. This disease is slow and in the beginning does not manifest itself.
Arthrosis of the shoulder can occur at any age, but is still more common in people over forty. Particularly susceptible to the development of arthrosis, athletes: tennis players, throwers, volleyball players. The cause of this disease is caused, first of all, by frequent dislocations, fractures, bruises, sprain. Often arthrosis begins after an unusual load applied to the joint, somewhat less often after rheumatoid polyarthritis. But the most common cause of arthrosis is a dislocation of the shoulder.
- 1 Symptoms of arthrosis of the shoulder joint
- 2 Treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder
- 3 Methods of traditional medicine
Symptoms of arthrosis of the shoulder joint
The main symptom to which attention should be paid is pain, with the load on the joint increasing and limiting movement in the arm. When palpation of the shoulder area, you can identify the pain points that are in the lower edge of the clavicle and scapula. The osteophytes formed inside the joint cause crunching and clicking on the joint when moving by hand.
Even if the disease is chronic, its acute form can still begin. Exacerbation occurs when carrying heavy loads, jerking, with increased muscle tone and ligaments, from overcooling or drafts. In this case, it is difficult to rotate the hand and withdraw it. Such a condition requires the help of an orthopedist, otherwise the movements of the hand will be limited for a long time.
On the other hand, arthrosis of the joints of the shoulder usually does not have exacerbations and does not hinder movement. Often, patients have minor pain, a little limited movement in the joint, which begins after a significant load. However, pain can occur not only with arthrosis, but also with damage to ligaments and muscles. To determine the cause of pain, you need to see a doctor.
It is also possible to determine the presence of arthrosis with a small test: first of all, you should try to tie an apron from behind, so the pain is felt when the hands are pulled back, and then combing is performed, which is used to set pain when the hand moves behind the head in the occiput. If these movements do not cause pain, then the joints of the shoulder are not yet affected by arthrosis.
Treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder
People at risk should be treated already at the initial stage of the disease as prevention, regularly taking prescribed medications, especially chondroprotectors, which nourish the cells of the cartilaginous tissue, without letting it lose its physiological properties.
The main principles of arthrosis treatment are:
- Conservative treatment.
- Surgical intervention.
- Treatment with traditional medicine.
- Therapeutic physical training.
Conservative treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint is reduced to the reception of pharmaceuticals, the conduct of physiotherapy and therapeutic gymnastics. Pharmaceutical preparations include chondroprotectors, anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs, anesthetics, muscle relaxants, agents for improving blood microcirculation, and also as a supplement - vitamins and collagen based supplements.
Chondroprotectors and auxiliaries are useful not only at the stage of prophylaxis, but also in the treatment of arthrosis, because they affect not the symptoms of the disease, but the process itself. Reduce pain and aseptic inflammation, anti-inflammatory drugs that do not contain steroids, such as methindol, orthophene, diclofenac sodium, and others. Such muscle relaxants, as sirdalud and midocalm, affect the muscles, bound by spasm, removing this condition and relaxing them. Analgesics and anesthetics relieve the pain sensations that are characterized by arthrosis of the shoulder. They can be inserted into the joint with the help of conductive blockades, or taken internally. When carrying out physiotherapy, the best effect is provided by massage, cryotherapy and laser therapy.
If the conservative method of treatment has exhausted itself, without giving a positive effect, the patient can be offered surgical treatment. The cause of the operation is the late diagnosis of arthrosis and its neglected process. With surgical treatment of a patient, the destroyed joint is replaced by an artificial joint, called an endoprosthesis.
Traditional medicine methods
Folk remedies for arthrosis are very good in combination with prescribed procedures and medicines. Propolis has been an effective tool against arthrosis since ancient times. Three grams of propolis should be mixed with fifty grams of pork fat and after healing gymnastics rub in a sick joint.
Folk treatment will have an even greater effect if combined with restorative methods. To do this, you need to take vitamins, normalize your daily routine and not allow a heavy load on the affected joint.