Every person should constantly care about keeping his teeth healthy for as long as possible. The main activities in this matter, except for proper nutrition, are daily oral hygiene and regular dental care. All are well aware that in the mouth, in large numbers, accumulate a variety of bacteria, including those causing periodontitis or tooth decay. Very often the food remains stuck between the teeth. And here comes the personal factor. That is, when a person does not take care of oral hygiene daily, a mild unhealthy plaque begins to appear on the teeth, which is the main breeding ground for bacteria. Gradually, this plaque can grow stronger, harden and turn into tartar, which is a real threat to teeth and gums.
It is impossible to remove plaque with a conventional toothbrush, even if brushing your teeth twice a day. Therefore, periodically it is necessary to clean teeth at a professional level. There are several types of such cleaning. Most often, mechanical brushes are used with the use of special pastes. Teeth from plaque can be cleaned with soda crystals, together with air and water. All this comes under pressure on the principle of a sandblasting machine. Such cleaning is carried out painlessly, quickly and absolutely harmlessly to the teeth.
Much more difficult is the procedure for removing tartar. Until recently, cleaning of the teeth was done manually, with the help of a special hook, which tartar and chipped off the enamel. Now this method is used extremely rarely, in those cases when other methods are contraindicated.
To date, widespread use of plaque removal has received ultrasound. Now every dental clinic has a scaler( scaler), which is based on ultrasonic vibration when removing deposits on the tooth enamel. This unit is a universal action. It removes not only visible deposits on the teeth, but also invisible formations under the gums. With the help of ultrasound, bacteria are also destroyed, and the surface of the tooth acquires complete sterility.
The frequency and amplitude of ultrasonic vibrations in the scaler can be adjusted and adjusted to remove various types of plaque, both soft and hard. Simultaneously with the cleaning, bleaching is performed. Thus, the pigmentation formed when smoking and drinking strong tea or coffee is removed. Damage to the tooth enamel does not occur, on the contrary, there is an improvement. Nutrients and trace elements contained in toothpastes are much more easily absorbed by tooth enamel. For the prevention of plaque formation, additional polishing of the enamel is carried out.
Cleaning teeth with ultrasound also has negative sides. This procedure causes some painful sensations, especially in cases where the removal of deposits under the gums. At the patient's request, local anesthesia can be used.
Cleaning of tooth enamel with ultrasound is a good preventive against the appearance of such formations as plaque or tartar. Such prevention allows for a long time to keep the gums and teeth in a healthy state. Purification is necessary, on average, 1-2 times during the year. The reason for this - the loss of varnish on the enamel of its protective properties, mainly due to the action of external factors. In this case, plaque, tartar, and caries can again form. Under such conditions, cleaning can no longer help, perhaps tooth filling and complex gum treatment.
Ultrasonic cleaning is mandatory with bleeding gums, the appearance of unpleasant odor or caries. To begin to treat sick teeth and a gum is necessary from procedure of clearing. In this case, the maximum strength is obtained when the seal is joined to the tooth. At the beginning of the procedure, the root canals are treated, then all dental plaque, including smoking, is removed. Removed stones from under the gums and over the gums, the paradontial pockets are washed, and at the end polishing of tooth enamel with the help of special pastes. As a result, there is a qualitative tooth whitening, without the use of any chemical preparations. The procedure for removing tartar by ultrasound is carried out for an hour.
For an ultrasonic cleaning method, there are certain contraindications. This procedure is not carried out in the presence of implants in the mouth or any orthopedic structures, with chronic bronchitis or asthma, cardiac arrhythmia. It is not recommended to use ultrasound in the presence of respiratory disease or in the hypersensitivity of teeth. Ultrasonic cleaning is not performed in children with milk teeth and in adolescents during bite changes, as well as in people at risk - AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis.
Consider briefly the principle of operation and application of the classical ultrasound scaler. It is a device with a wide spectrum of action: it irrigates the oral cavity and removes tartar. It is also used in other areas of dentistry. Scaler can work together with other devices and equipment, thanks to a wide variety of connectors and attachments. It is possible to work in water mode. Water is supplied to the scaler in an autonomous mode, due to which it is possible to use various therapeutic solutions, as well as antiseptics for clinical work.
For direct cleaning and polishing of the teeth, each scaler is equipped with tips of various configurations. These devices play a decisive role in implantation, provide thorough cleaning of the elements of the prosthesis and attachment.
In the Western countries, dentists have been using ultrasound for dental procedures for quite some time. This method of purification is becoming increasingly popular in private clinics of the CIS countries.