7Mar

Hypertrophy of palatine tonsils in children: symptoms and treatment

The diagnosis of "hypertrophy of palatine tonsils" is set in the event that in children tonsils increase in size without pronounced reddening, there are vomiting desires for no apparent reason. This inflammation interferes with the swallowing processes, breathing, speech of patients is difficult. Most often for the treatment of hypertrophy of palatine tonsils in children resort to tonsillotomy.

Symptoms of hypertrophy of tonsils and treatment of

Hypertrophy of palatine tonsils in children is most often observed due to general hyperplasia of lymphadenoid tissue. As a rule, in such cases, the tonsils are soft, have a pale pink color. At the same time, they are quite enlarged and protrude from the palatine arch. When vomiting occurs, they very tightly touch the middle line, completely blocking the entrance to the pharynx.

If the hypertrophy of the tonsils is a consequence of repeated inflammatory processes, the tonsils become denser, their adenoid tissue is rich in connective tissue.

Usually, children have no inflammatory changes in hypertrophied tonsils. As a rule, over time they undergo involution and return to their normal size. There is a delay in such a reverse development, and in these cases, you can see quite large tonsils, not affected by the inflammatory process, and in adults.

As can be seen in the photo, hypertrophy of palatine tonsils is a mechanical obstacle that prevents normal breathing, swallowing, and speech formation.

The main symptom of hypertrophy of tonsils is a reflex cough( amygdala cough), seizures of which are noted most often at night. Children suffering from hypertrophy of the tonsils usually carry a fairly severe infectious disease: scarlet fever, diphtheria, etc.

If tonsillar hypertrophy is not strongly pronounced, alkaline or astringent rinses are indicated, as well as lubricating with iodine glycerin or 2-3% nitrate solutionsilver( lapis).A good effect is taking multivitamins, climatic treatment( stay on the seashore, in the mountains).

Conservative treatment of hypertrophy of palatine tonsils is ineffective when tonsils are dense, rich in connective tissue. They interfere with the respiratory and swallowing functions. In such cases, the product of tonsillotomy is shown, consisting in the removal of excess, protruding into the lumen of the throat parts of the tonsils with the help of a tonsillotomy or nasal loop. If there are contraindications to surgical treatment, it is necessary to limit therapy with local irradiation with quartz.