Chronic rhinitis or runny nose - inflammation of the nasal mucosa that does not pass through a long period of time. There are five main types of chronic rhinitis, all of them have both common and distinctive signs( symptoms).Common features include:
- Excessive mucus formation in the throat;
- Constant nasal congestion;
- Temperature rise( not always).
In most cases, chronic rhinitis is the result of an infectious disease or started with a normal untreated rhinitis. Nausea can also be attributed to the causes of nasal congestion: alcohol consumption, eating certain foods, allergies, strong smells, taking medications( beta-blockers, anti-inflammatory drugs), stress, hormonal changes.
Chronic catarrhal rhinitis occurs as a result of the transfer of an infectious disease and frequent repetitions. The cause of frequent ARI and SARS may be a decrease in immunity. Therefore, first of all it is worth thinking about its strengthening. Catarrhal rhinitis can also occur against adenoids, tonsillitis, sinusitis, and the like.
Symptoms of chronic rhinitis are:
- Frequent discharge from the nose with a predominance of pus or mucus;
- Nasal congestion, alternately occurring in both nostrils;
- Constant obstruction of breathing, inability to breathe through the nose, especially when lying down;
Treatment of chronic rhinitis
Treatment of this form of the disease is carried out at home, with an ENT specialist visit. If the main cause is established, everything necessary is done to prevent its negative effect on the nasal mucosa. If the cause can not be established, local treatment of the common cold with antibacterial ointments, instillation of antiseptic solutions into the nose, and physical therapy are prescribed. In case of ineffectiveness of conservative treatment, cryodestruction of the nasal mucosa is used.
Atrophic rhinitis also refers to the chronic form of the disease and is characterized by atrophy of the nasal mucosa. Usually it is found in people working in hazardous production, in the chemical industry and in construction, who are often ill with respiratory diseases due to weakened protective functions of the body that have a traumatic nose, or who underwent surgical intervention on this organ.
The main symptoms of atrophic rhinitis:
- Sensation of dryness in the nose;
- Formation of crusts of dried mucus;
- Frequent faint nasal bleeding;
- Decreased sense of smell, its loss.
The last symptom is evidence that the atrophic process has become widespread and affected the olfactory nasal area. The mucous membrane thus becomes dry, acquires a light pink color, is covered with dark green crusts. Similar changes can be observed by a specialist in rhinoscopy - examination of the nasal cavity using a special mirror.
Treatment of atrophic rhinitis is performed locally, that is, its main effect is directed directly to the affected area of the body. To eliminate nasal congestion, a specialist prescribes the use of drops that have a disinfectant, softening and anti-inflammatory effect on the nasal mucosa. For the general strengthening of the body, the course of vitamins is usually administered orally or intramuscularly.
Hypertrophic rhinitis is associated with excessive tissue overgrowth in the anterior and posterior parts of the nasal concha. The causes of this form of the disease include: infections, the use of nasal drops, irritation of the nasal mucosa with chemicals, poisonous vapors and gases, hypertension, alcoholism, curvature of the nasal septum. Among the main symptoms:
- Nasal congestion, making breathing difficult;
- Decreased sense of smell;
- Impairment of hearing;
- Scratchiness of voice;
Hypertrophic rhinitis is treated surgically. Conservative methods usually do not bring a lasting positive result. The operation consists in removing the enlarged nasal concha, under local anesthesia. A variant of treatment is also cryodestruction of the nasal mucosa with liquid nitrogen.
To a particular form of the disease is vasomotor rhinitis, which is not inflammatory allergic origin. The aggravation of allergy is observed in most people, usually in the spring period of time. Allergen in this case is a flower pollen. Vasomotor rhinitis, which occurs at any time of the year, can be caused by the use of certain foods, wool of pets, detergents, etc. Treatment of the disease implies, first of all, the elimination of all contacts with the allergen and the adoption of antihistamines( tavegil, suprastin).
Folk remedies for chronic rhinitis
In the old days, a cold was taken to treat with medicinal herbs. Recipes were passed from generation to generation, and today, despite the development of pharmaceuticals, remain very popular. Get rid of the chronic rhinitis is excellent helps decoction of peppermint, which is prepared as follows: 1 spoon of dried mint leaves poured half a liter of boiling water and infused for about an hour. Then the resulting remedy should be cooled and take half a glass several times a day. Mint tea has medicinal properties and pleasant taste qualities. To improve the taste, you can add a spoonful of natural honey. By the way, washing the nasal cavity with the infusion obtained helps to quickly eliminate nasal congestion. Also effective are infusions from the bark of the viburnum, the root of elecampane, licorice, and Ledum. If nasal congestion prevents sleep at night, you should take herbal decoction and carry out a sanation of the nose just before bedtime. Traditional methods of treatment can be combined with the methods of traditional medicine( use of drops for the nose: tizin, otrivin, etc.).Do not tolerate unpleasant symptoms of the disease, because they can and should be disposed of.