Pain in the kidney area - causes, symptoms, treatment of kidney pain

How to understand what kidneys hurt?

kidneys ache

The main sensation arises from the back under the lower ribs and above the pelvis. This condition is accompanied by an unpleasant pain syndrome of a piercing-aching, pulling, cutting or acute paroxysmal nature.

It is impossible to diagnose the cause of a problem with the help of visual inspection or sensations of a person, because the kidney, liver, intestine, spinal column, ureter system and spleen are close to the kidneys, so in any case a complex diagnosis is needed, most likely in a hospital.

Possible causes and diseases

As mentioned above, there can be a lot of causes of pain in barrels. We list the most common:


One of the most common factors is due to the presence of stony formations in the kidneys themselves or adjacent ureters. Direct pain syndrome is formed after spasms caused by stone movement, violation of urinary outflow or increased pressure in the pelvis, as well as damage to the edges of the formation, the mucous membrane of the organ.

It is precisely kidney stone disease that causes renal colic, an acute pain, often unbearable, not suppressed even by strong painkillers. Do not bring relief and acceptance of any convenient for a person's pose. Also, the temperature rises slightly, the well-being worsens, blood clots may appear in the urine.


Infectious bacterial damage to the kidneys and associated organs causes aching pains in the corresponding area, the sensation itself is static, the temperature rises( right up to fever), normal state of health is disturbed.


Inflammation in this case affects the glomerulus / tubules of the kidneys, there is a strong swelling mainly on the face, blood pressure rises, blood clots in the urine are very many, the urine itself is released during the day a little.

Atherosclerosis of the renal arteries

One of the manifestations of classic atherosclerosis with clogging of the channels with cholesterol plaques provokes periodic aching pains and increased pressure. Symptomatic of the problem of descent with hypertensive disease.

Thrombosis of the renal artery

This acute and very dangerous condition requires immediate hospitalization: a thrombus blocking the blood flow enters the artery of the kidney. It causes severe pain, increased pressure, vomiting, nausea / constipation, fever.

Renal cyst

A relatively rare but poorly diagnosed cause of kidney pain occurs gradually, prevents the outflow of urine and induces frequent pyelonephritis and infectious kidney damage.

Benign tumors and cancer

Adenomas, oncocytomas, gamatromes and other benign / malignant formations cause most often prolonged periodic aching pain in the kidneys or simply discomfort in the relevant area, increasing as the growth grows.

Over a long period of time, the appetite decreases, anemia occurs, low temperature is maintained, periodic drowsiness occurs, a person quickly becomes tired and sleeps poorly.


Stagnation of urine in the pelvis and disturbance of its outflow provoke mild back pain, infectious lesions, digestive system disorders, painful abdominal pain syndromes.

Congenital malformations of the organ and TMR

Inadequate kidney development in childhood( congenital stenosis of the ureter, doubling parts of the organ, cysts, etc.) can lead to pain in adolescence or adulthood. Developmental flaws often occur asymptomatically and manifest late in the formation of organ dysfunction.

One of the frequent varieties and complications of such disorders can be considered vesicoureteral reflux - urine in this case can penetrate from the bladder back into the ureters, irritating its walls and provoking inflammatory processes of a bacteriological nature. At the same time, a person feels a constant malaise, a dull aching pain in the lower back, suffers from puffiness.

Various injuries of the body

Contusions, ruptures and kidney damage always cause painful organ syndromes, lead to the formation of its persistent dysfunction and require immediate hospitalization and outpatient-surgical treatment.


A terrible disease of our time can affect not only the lungs, but also other organs of the human body, in particular the kidneys. In this case, the symptomatology of pain is similar to classical renal colic, and in the urine in addition to blood clots it is possible to detect pus.


Kidney problems can be caused not only by diseases and injuries, but also by physiology, in particular by pregnancy, especially if a woman wears a large low-fetal presentation that presses on nearby organs and causes discomfort, especially in laterterms.

Lesions of other organs

Kidney problems are sometimes caused by problems of neighboring organs or related systems, in particular herniated discs, osteochondrosis, appendicitis, prostate adenoma and prostate, various injuries.


The cause of the pain syndrome in the kidneys should be clarified and this comprehensive study can only be done on an outpatient basis. The most common activities are as follows:

  1. Examination with palpation and percussion, analysis of anamnestic information from the patient.
  2. ultrasound of the abdominal cavity with kidneys.
  3. General and biochemical blood test.
  4. Bakpos and general urine analysis.
  5. Antieography.
  6. X-ray of the vertebral part.
  7. Urography of the kidneys.

What should I do if I have pain?

First of all - do not panic. If the pains are small or moderate passing character without additional symptoms, then register for the nearest appointment with a qualified doctor. If you have an attack, aching pain constantly increases and does not go away, other symptoms begin to manifest, in particular nausea with vomiting, irradiation to neighboring organs and areas, it is better to call an ambulance that will take a person to a hospital or a hospital, where the most operativediagnostics and other necessary complex of restorative-stopping measures is made.

The left kidney hurts. What to do?

Most of the pain in the left kidney occurs due to developing pyelonephritis, cancer, nephroptosis, urolithiasis, hydronephrosis. It is accompanied by a moderate or severe pain syndrome of paroxysmal nature, high fever. Chills, frequent urination, vomiting and nausea. As soon as possible, call an ambulance and carry out a set of measures to remove the pain syndrome.

The right kidney hurts. What to do?

The right kidney is slightly lower than the left kidney and very close to the liver, with an anatomical identity with the "twin brother".

Pain syndrome is accompanied by renal colic with irradiation in the groin, lower back and partly the stomach, headache, increased heart rate, pain when urinating, hematuria. They cause a syndrome of nephroptosis, pyelonephritis, hydronephrosis, tumor processes, urolithiasis( up to two-thirds of all cases), cysts, stenoses of the right-sided artery, and problems with neighboring organs, in particular the liver. The pain itself can be chronically aching, drawing or sharp with signs of an attack.

Diagnosis of the problem is carried out exclusively on an outpatient basis, in the case of a severe condition of the patient, urgent hospitalization is needed. Treatment is appointed exclusively by a professional doctor.

Both kidneys are aching. Reasons to do what?

Two-sided pain syndrome in the kidney area most often indicates the activation of the inflammatory process of an infectious or autoimmune nature. In this case, the pain itself is pronounced in the case of an acute form or is somewhat lubricated in a chronic stage.

Strictly it is not recommended to prescribe antibiotics, cytostatics and other groups of medicines independently, temporary relief of pain symptoms before arrival of ambulance and hospitalization is allowed.

How to relieve kidney pain?

kidney disease

Pain syndrome is almost impossible to endure, and the ambulance called up to now has not reached you? In this case, you can try to remove the pain yourself. As practice shows, classical analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics( respectively, analgin, paracetamol with ibuprofen and even ketones) help little in case of acute pain of paroxysmal nature in the kidneys, especially if it is caused by spasmodic colic and more often only "smears"syndrome, making it difficult to diagnose anamnesis.

In this situation, the best solution is intramuscular sequential administration of drotaverin, spasmalgon and diclofenac( 1, 0.5 and 2 milliliters, respectively).This "cocktail" will effectively work after 10-15 minutes. If you take the tablet form of the above medicines, they will help after an hour.

No drugs at hand? To remove the renal colic can be by imposing on the problem area of ​​heat - warmers or dipping this part of the body in a bathroom with hot water. The effect of suppressing intolerable pain very quickly disappears with the disappearance of the thermal factor, but before arriving ambulance and hospitalization it is possible to endure.

Useful video of

Elena Malysheva about pain in the kidneys.

Good luck and do not be ill!