The main drug is xymetazoline hydrochloride - a substance with a pronounced alpha-adrenoceptive effect. By its structure and action, the drug is similar to Naphthyzin.
For the nose quickly narrows the vessels of the nasal mucosa, temporarily eliminates puffiness and helps reduce the secretion of mucus. It significantly facilitates breathing and releases nasal passages for the use of other medications. The primary effect after instillation is observed two minutes after injection and lasts for four hours.
In use, the drug acts only at the local level, almost without getting into the blood: modern diagnostic methods have not been able to detect the presence of traces of the active substance in the plasma after application. For Nos practically does not cause irritating effect on the mucous membranes, if you follow the recommended dosage and time of use of drops.
Indications for use
ForNos most often used to neutralize the symptoms, one way or another associated with rhinitis of a variety of etiologies. In addition, the drug is effective as a drainage for various problems with the sinuses of the nose( sinusitis, frontitis, etc.).
As an adjuvant, ForNos is used for drug therapy of otitis as a means to reduce puffiness, as well as for diagnostic procedures in rhinoscopy.
Instruction for use
For Nos is used exclusively intranasally. Before using the drug, shake the flask with droplets or press the dispenser several times to ensure complete release of the drug from the container. Before instillation it is recommended to cleanse the nose of the secret as much as possible.
Children from six years of age and adults are usually prescribed two drops in both nasal passages every six hours. Children under six years of age, use a drug with an active substance concentration of 0.1 percent can not be used - in this case, 0.05 percent solution of NaOH with a similar dosage is used. The maximum duration of continuous course symptomatic treatment of the drug should not exceed five days: after their expiration, the effectiveness of the drug is significantly reduced and the reverse process may occur - the so-called medicamentous rhinitis.
In the case of spray - it is recommended to do 2 injections in each nasal passage, with a frequency not more than 3 times a day. Also, the drug can not be used for more than 7 days in a row.
Side effects and contraindications
In most cases, ForNos is well tolerated by patients. In some cases, there is hyperemia, irritation of mucous membranes, dizziness, nausea and other similar manifestations.
In isolated cases or if the dosage / time limit of application is disturbed, sleep disturbances, allergic reactions of the system spectrum, arterial hypertension, arrhythmia, confusion, tachycardia, shortness of breath, as well as neurotic edema with visual acuity reduction may occur.
For Nos can not be used together with tricyclic antidepressants and MAO inhibitors. With caution, the drug is prescribed for people with diabetes, angina, hyperthyroidism, hyperplasia are presented, as well as pregnant, nursing mothers and children up to two years.
The drug is contraindicated in patients with glaucoma, people who have had operations on the brain with nakedness of the meninges, as well as suffering from anamnesis. Also, drops are contraindicated for those who have personal intolerance to xymetazoline hydrochloride or individual components of the nasal drug.
For the Nos during Pregnancy
In pregnancy, the drug Foros can be used with caution, only after permission and under the supervision of a physician. Short-term use of the drug for acute need is allowed. Women with lactation are better off giving up feeding or not using the drug, since there is no data on the possible penetration of xylometazoline hydrochloride into breast milk.
For Children for Children
The drug in any dosage is contraindicated to babies up to three months. Children from three months to six can use ForNos at a dosage of 0.05 percent active substance in solution. To a child from six years old and adolescents, you can use the usual dosage of the drug - 0.1 percent.
The best alternative for children and pregnant women is to apply a nebulizer to the cold.