Let's start, perhaps, with the most effective group.
Dripped - and there is no rhinitis. The nose breathes freely, there are no discharges, you can live fully. True, a few hours, and then a cold comes up again. It must be so, because the vasoconstrictor drugs do not cure, but merely relieve swelling of the nasal mucosa, avoiding congestion and nasal discharge. But it is worth remembering that all such drugs can increase blood pressure, intraocular pressure, cause tachycardia. With a long reception of medicines cause swelling of the mucosa, that is, the opposite effect - so all vasoconstrictor drops should not be used longer than 7 days. In addition, if you have a cold lasts longer than 7 days, which means that some droplets can not do - you need a doctor's help.
It is worth remembering that such drops make absorption of drugs difficult, so do not use vasoconstrictive and therapeutic drops at the same time. The interval between doses should be at least 40 minutes.
Such drugs may have different active substances: oxymetazoline, xylometazoline and naphazoline.
The most famous drug with naphazoline is "Naphthyzine".From the same series - preparations "Nafazolin", "Sanorin".Naphazoline has a relatively short duration of action - about 4 hours. Dries out the mucous membrane more than others, which can cause unpleasant sensations.
Preparations with this active substance lot - "Galazolin", "Brizolin", "Nosolin", "Rinomaris", "Rinostop", "Xymelin", "Evkazolin", "Tizin" and so on. Xylometazoline lasts longer than naphazoline - about 6 hours. The effect on the mucosa is softer, in addition, many drops with xylometazoline contain substances that moisturize the mucous membranes.
has a long action - up to 12 hours, a relatively mild effect on the mucous membrane, but can not do without moisturizing ingredients in the drops. Among the drugs with oxymetazoline, the most famous are Nazivin, Nazol, and Knoxprey.
All moisturizing drops, in fact, are a solution of sea salt. In the pharmacy you can buy drops "Salin", "AquaMaris", "Aqualor", "Physiomer".Sea water is useful - everyone knows this. Drops on the basis of sea water moisturize the nasal mucosa, dilute secretions, reduce mucosal edema, reduce inflammation. These drops are not immediate, but they help to get rid of the cold more likely. And no side effects - this is the most important thing.
Thus, it is an ideal variant of drops from the common cold for children, because they will not bring any side effects and harm to the body.
If suddenly there is no possibility to buy such drops, the usual saline solution will be saved. In fact, it's also a solution of salt, though, it's normal, but it's better than nothing.
Antiviral drops These drops are quite effective, but under one condition: if they start to use at the first sign of a runny nose and apply regularly, carefully following the instructions. With proper administration, such drops can get rid of a cold in three days.
Antiviral drops contain interferon, a substance that is produced by the body in response to an attack of infection. It is clear that drops with interferon are excellent at curing the infection. As for varieties of drugs, then pharmacies will offer you "Grippferon", "Nazoferon" or dry interferon in ampoules. Dry interferon is diluted with water and applied, like any drops in the nose. Drops with interferon have no side effects, they can be dripped even to nursing infants.
Drops with herbal extracts are very effective. They allow you to quickly cope with the infection, moisturize the mucous membrane, relieve inflammation. The most popular is the preparation "Pinosol", which is produced both in the form of drops, and in the form of a cream for the nose. It is worth remembering that there are contraindications - the composition of the drug includes essential oils, which can cause allergies. In addition, essential oils are contraindicated for children up to three years.
Such drops have a complex composition, that is, several active substances. The composition of drops can include antibiotics( an excellent remedy if you have bacterial rhinitis), antihistamines( that is, allergy medications), vasoconstrictor drugs. Speaking about specific drugs, the most famous is "Vibrocil" - it can be used for all types of cold, including, and allergic. But it is worth remembering that such drops can only be used for the doctor's prescription.
Such drops contain antibiotics. Therefore, they should be used only for the doctor's prescription. After all, as a rule, the common cold is caused by viruses, and antibiotics against viruses are powerless. But if the bacterial sniffles - here the antibacterial drops will be in place. The most known drugs are Bioparox, Polidex, Isofra. Often, such drugs are used to treat sinusitis.
The mechanism of action of homeopathic remedies is complicated. Any homeopathic remedy has a complex effect, and drops in the nose are no exception. Homeopathic drops relieve mucosal edema( not as effective as vasoconstrictive drugs, but remove), have anti-inflammatory, antiviral and immunostimulating effects. In addition, homeopathic drops do not have side effects and contraindications. True, they should be used strictly according to the scheme. Among such drops are very popular such: "Edas-131", "Delufen", "Euforbium compositum".