Every woman, especially during pregnancy, should take special care with her health. One of the moments that can cause concern is the white discharge.
Before classifying the allocation, consider what is included in their composition:
- First, the mucus. Its source is the multiple glands of the female genital system: the uterus and its cervix, the vestibule and the vagina itself.
- Secondly, microorganisms. In the vagina there is always a certain microflora, the landscape of which can be very diverse. If a woman is healthy, then this is mainly lactic acid bacteria. The presence of other microbes does not yet indicate the presence of the disease.
- And finally, the epithelial cells. They cover all of the above structures and are constantly slouched, being replaced by new ones.
Vaginal discharge can be both normal and pathological. Normally, whites are associated with the menstrual cycle. The first half of the woman notes uninvolved, watery discharge.1-2 days in the middle of the cycle, which correspond to ovulation, the discharge becomes viscous and dense, they acquire a beige shade. Then their number gradually decreases, increasing again towards the end of the cycle. Beli can also appear due to other factors: after sexual intercourse, due to the use of hormonal contraceptives. Pathological discharge is associated with various infectious diseases, for example, with candidiasis.
Now let's take a closer look at white discharge during pregnancy.
The hormone progesterone promotes the preservation and bearing of the fetus during the initial stages of pregnancy, up to about twelve weeks. It is associated with mucus secretions, which are one of the first signs of pregnancy. Since the thirteenth week of excretion, more abundant and associated already with the action of estrogen. They are transparent and slightly whitish, without a certain smell. A distinctive feature is that the allocation of whites does not cause itching and other unpleasant sensations.
It will not be possible to fight this phenomenon, but a woman can keep herself clean by using daily pads. Hygienic products should be chosen without odors, because the presence of foreign substances can cause an allergic reaction, which can add to the woman discomfort in the genital area. In addition, you should not use tampons during pregnancy, because they can be a source of infection, which will adversely affect the developing fetus.
Despite the fact that discharge during pregnancy is a normal moment, a woman should always pay attention to their color, consistency, quantity. This is necessary for timely detection of possible pathologies. Changing the secretion may be caused by a change in the hormonal background, the attachment of infection, diseases of the genital organs, and a number of other factors. The most common cause of the changes is thrush, or candidiasis of female genital organs. In this case, the discharge begins to resemble cottage cheese, becomes more abundant and exudes a beer smell. It is also possible the reproduction of another conditionally pathogenic flora, because pregnancy makes the body weaker.
As a prophylaxis of thrush development, doctors recommend taking a sufficient number of probiotics during the entire gestation period. Their sources are lactic acid products. If the pathology was not prevented, the doctor prescribes antifungal drugs. It should be remembered that you do not need to do self-medication, because only a specialist can adequately determine the contraindications to its use, with which you need to be even more cautious during pregnancy.
Another problem of pregnant women is bacterial vaginosis. With the development of this disease, the woman notes a clear and watery discharge with a rather unpleasant odor. Pathology is accompanied by a dysbacteriosis. In this regard, postpone visits to the doctor should not be, as this can lead to premature labor.
Sometimes, during pregnancy, cervical erosion may occur. Because of this, the discharge is colored in different colors: from yellow to brown. In this case, a woman must necessarily consult a doctor for further observation.
In general, odorless discharge, as well as pinkish discharge in the days of supposed menstruation should not cause women serious concern. Nevertheless, when he appears, going to the doctor will not be superfluous, especially during pregnancy.
Allocations, which are accompanied by pulling pains in the lower abdomen, are considered dangerous. They can talk about many things, including ectopic pregnancy and the threat of miscarriage. If a woman has found spotting, felt a sharp weakness, dizziness, nausea, then it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance. Then, already in the hospital, thanks to ultrasound, an accurate diagnosis can be made. In the case of ectopic pregnancy, the prognosis is unfavorable: surgical intervention is necessary to abort pregnancy.
If the doctor is dealing with the threat of miscarriage, then there is a chance to save the fetus. Such tactics take place at the initial stages of pregnancy. Bloody discharge during the second trimester is rare, but there are. In this case, they are associated with placenta previa, when the inner uterus lining is blocked. The amount of excretions increases with increased physical exertion or sudden movements. As a rule, they are not accompanied by pain. Finally, there is a risk of placental abruption in the third trimester. Bloody discharge is very abundant, which forces for immediate hospitalization of a woman.
Thus, white discharge in women during pregnancy is normal. However, you must always pay attention to their appearance, smell. Discharge from the blood should also be a cause for concern.