Breast cyst is a fluid-filled cavity formed in the mammary gland. Most often this pathology develops in young women and disappears after menopause, but only if the woman does not undergo hormonal replacement therapy.
Dimensions of the breast cyst may vary from two millimeters to several centimeters. In palpation, it is defined as the formation of an average density with an even surface, relatively inactive with respect to the surrounding tissues. The large cysts are those pathological cavities that are freely revealed by the mammologist to the touch. In this case, cysts can be either single or multiple.
Threats to life of a sick woman have no cyst of the breast. Meanwhile, if it gets into the internal space of this infection formation, its suppuration may occur. In addition, a cyst that has grown to a large size can cause deformity of the mammary gland itself. There is also the assumption that the risk of developing cancer pathologies in those patients diagnosed with this disease is several times higher. Nevertheless, modern medical technologies make it possible to identify breast cysts at the earliest stages and effectively save patients from their negative consequences.
- 1 Causes of a breast cyst
- 2 Symptoms of a breast cyst
- 3 Diagnosis of a breast cyst
- 4 Traditional treatment of a breast cyst
- 5 Treatment of a breast cyst by folk remedies
Causes of a breast cyst
The main cause of the formation of a breast cyst are failures of the hormonal balance. The main role in the development of the disease is the increase in the amount of estrogens, which can be caused by:
- thyroid diseases;
- inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system;
- by nervous overstrain, constant stresses.
The likelihood of the appearance of a breast cyst significantly increases with prolonged intake of hormonal contraceptives, with mastitis, with a large number of pregnancies, and also with operations on the mammary gland.
The mechanism of cyst formation is quite simple. In each mammary gland there are about 15 lobes of glandular tissue. These shares are divided into even smaller areas that are responsible for the production of milk during childbearing and after childbirth. Milk produced through special channels enters the reservoir immediately behind the nipple. The cyst is formed at a time when individual patches of glandular tissue grow so much that they start blocking the ducts. As a result, the moves widen and gradually fill with liquid.
Symptoms of a breast cyst
The formation of a breast cyst often occurs imperceptibly for the patient and is diagnosed only during mammography and ultrasound scanning. Sometimes the appearance of this formation is accompanied by a feeling of discomfort and drawing pain, which intensifies in the premenstrual period. This is due to the growth of the cyst and squeezing it around the surrounding tissues of the thoracic region. A large cyst of the breast can be detected by the patient independently, when performing palpation of the mammary glands.
Diagnosis of the breast cyst
Treatment of any disease, including breast cysts, should begin with a diagnosis. The success of the treatment depends on the quality of the diagnosis.
As a rule, the diagnosis of a breast cyst begins with an oral questioning of the patient. The mammologist fixes complaints of the patient and reveals all the pathological factors that can have a negative impact on the functioning of the mammary glands. Following this, the doctor conducts an attentive examination of the patient's breast, palpation of all its areas, lymph nodes, nipples, areolas and zones of lymphatic outflow.
Exact diagnosis of the disease can only guarantee a comprehensive examination of a sick woman, which includes, in addition to palpation, ultrasound and mammography. In some cases, the patient may be shown taking a puncture or performing a biopsy. If there is a suspicion of the association of the appearance of a cyst with the presence of other diseases, a woman can be assigned the necessary tests.
Traditional treatment of breast cyst
The tactics of traditional treatment of breast cysts directly depend on the size of pathological formation. In the presence of many small bundles, conservative treatment is performed with the use of resorptive, anti-inflammatory agents, as well as drugs normalizing the hormonal background.
Treatment of a large cyst is performed by piercing it with a special needle and pumping out the contents. In this case, substances that promote its adhesion( obliteration) are introduced into the cystic cavity.
When diagnosing sprouting in the cyst, the appearance of suspicion of the tumor, and also if the puncture of the cystic cavity does not bring the expected results, the pathological formation is removed surgically.
Treatment of breast cysts with folk remedies
Traditional treatment of the breast cyst can be effectively supplemented by the application of folk remedies.
- Prepare the water infusion of St. John's wort, moisten a few gauze napkins in it and apply them to the affected mammary gland for 15 minutes. The procedure should be repeated daily.
- Dig out the root of a large burdock, grate it on a grater and pour boiling water( 1:20).After 3 hours strain the infusion and take it three times a day for one small throat before meals.
- Prepare the broth on the basis of large gentian honey, strain it and use it for daily lotions.
- Put 15 walnuts in a half-liter can of jars and fill it to the brim with vodka. After 7 days strain the product and take it on the throat a day on an empty stomach.
- Prepare an aqueous infusion of herbs of medicinal sweet clover, moisten gauze napkins in it and apply lotions to the diseased mammary gland. The procedure should be repeated daily.
During the treatment of breast cysts folk remedies are strictly forbidden to use the essential oils of any plants: they actively contribute to the active production of estrogen.