Nail fungus - a very unpleasant, but not fatal infectious disease, transmitted mainly from one person to another.
Reproduction of the fungus occurs, as a rule, under conditions of slightly alkaline medium( pH = 6-6.5).The acidic medium( pH) of an organism of a healthy person is no more than 5.5, which provides protection of its skin from infection with the fungus. A predisposing factor in the appearance and development of infection is increased sweating, especially in the summer, when the acid-base balance of the body is significantly increased. Any fungus tolerates very low temperatures, but the heat for it is fatal. The boiling process kills the fungus within 3 minutes. In a frozen state, the infection, on the contrary, retains all its functions and the ability to provoke the development of diseases.
Often the fungus is localized on the nails of the legs. Legs tend to sweat, especially in summer, and the wet environment is most favorable for the development of infection. Infection with nail fungus legs is called onychomycosis. This disease is very quickly and easily transferred from one person to another, for example, through common shoes, socks, pedicure scissors. The risk factor is visiting saunas, swimming pools, public baths, gyms( or, more precisely, their locker rooms).Onychomycosis has high resilience. Completely get rid of the fungus is very difficult. In the absence of treatment, the infection completely affects the nail and begins to spread to adjacent tissues. Often when the fungus is treated, re-infection occurs, when the process of its destruction, it would seem, is completely completed.
The main symptom of the presence of fungus is the change in the color of the nail and its structure. The introduction of fungus into the nail platinum is accompanied by the coloration of the nail in yellow, white, brown, black, depending on the type of fungus( yeast, mold, dermatophyte).The reaction of the nail to the introduction of a fungal infection is its keratinization. Over time, the horny masses grow on the nail more and more, preventing the treatment. Fungus leads to the gradual destruction of the nail. Behind the cornification of the nail plate follows its stratification. At the same time the nail is frayed, crumbles and can completely fall away. The development of the disease does not stop there. Fungus continues to step on toes and feet.
Treatment of nail fungus on the legs
Onychomycosis requires compulsory treatment. In addition to the aesthetic discomfort that it causes, the infection has a negative effect on immunity, and can also exacerbate all chronic diseases. Yes, and the very prospect of remaining without fingernails on the toes of few people will rejoice. Fungal infection never passes by itself. A specialist in dermatology deals with the treatment of such diseases. Diagnosis of the fungus is based on the investigation of infected nail particles.
The most common defeat of finger nail fungus occurs in people who are overweight, smoking and abusing alcohol, exposed to stress, malnourished, anemia.
It should be clarified that a large number of fungi exists, treatment depends largely on one or another parasite that caused the disease. Determine the type of fungus can be a specialist in conducting a thorough examination of a piece of nail in the laboratory. In ancient times, nail fungus and feet were treated with lotions of medicinal herbs. Much later, to get rid of the fungus began to use the method of removing the nail plate, which can be effective only at the initial stage of infection. Today, surgical removal of the nail is carried out only in extreme cases with a particularly severe form of the disease in people with low immunity.
Later, mid-twentieth-century doctors prescribed patients with a nail fungus such agents as iodine, zelenka, sulfur, salicylic acid, vinegar. Lubrication of the infected nail with iodine or zelenka, of course, can give a positive result. However, it will take a year of continuous treatment to achieve it. Modern antifungal agents allow you to get rid of unwanted guests on the nails for two months( with significant lesions of the nail plate - for 4 months).
Many of today's drugs for the treatment of fungus in a short period of time stop the development of fungal infections, and also rest on the nails to prevent the recurrence of the disease. The time of treatment of the fungus on the nails largely depends on the competence of the doctor, the form of the disease, the patient's compliance with all medical prescriptions. All antifungal drugs are divided into those that are administered orally( tablets and capsules) and topically( nail polish, cream, plaster).If the disease has already hit the entire nail, complex therapy is prescribed. Depending on the pathogen, the patient is assigned a course of pills in combination with the use of a therapeutic nail polish. In such a case, the treatment is mainly aimed at preventing the fungus from passing to the skin of the toes. After complete disposal of the fungus, a new, healthy nail grows on the site of the lost nail, which is also recommended for a few months to be covered with protective varnish for preventive purposes. The side effects of treatment with these or other drugs are extremely rare, mainly in the form of a slight allergic reaction. With weakened immunity, medicines of general spectrum of action, immunostimulating preparations, vitamins can be prescribed.
Onychomycosis is a very contagious disease, therefore its treatment should be combined with frequent house cleaning with disinfection of the floor, walls, bathroom, shoes, pedicure accessories. Otherwise, the probability of contracting an unpleasant disease is great again and again. Prevention of nail fungus can be considered a refusal to visit public baths, saunas, swimming pools, pedicure salons. Some antifungal varnishes are also quite suitable for preventive purposes. They will not cause harm to health, but they will protect the nail from the dangerous fungus settling on it.