Cervicitis is an inflammatory disease in the vagina of the cervix. This disease occurs with a cloudy sometimes purulent secretions along with pulling or dull pain in the lower abdomen, as well as painful urination and sexual intercourse. Cervicitis is a very common disease, it occurs in every second woman, so treatment should be productive and timely, since this disease can very quickly become chronic, and then it will not be easy to fight it.
The chronic form of cervicitis can lead to erosion, hypertrophy( ie, thickening) of the cervix and the spread of various infections in the upper parts of the penis. This disease occurs due to violations of the protective function of the cervix, after which foreign flora enters, which provokes inflammatory processes, which are of two kinds: endocervicitis is the inflammation of the inner side of the cervical canal, and exocervicitis is the inflammation of the cervical vagina.
- 1 Causes of cervicitis
- 2 Symptoms of cervicitis
- 3 Diagnosis of cervicitis
- 4 Treatment and prevention of cervicitis
- 5 Cervicitis during pregnancy
Causes of cervicitis
There are quite a few causes of cervicitis. In the first place - this, of course, infection of the genitals. Relate here are diseases that are transmitted sexually( trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia).Provoke inflammation of the cervix can also herpetic genital infections, candidiasis, thrush or the virus of the papilloma.
The next cause of cervicitis is the impact of traumatic factors on the cervix. These are frequent sexual acts or the use of tampons during the menstrual cycle. Because of this, the vaginal part of the cervix is injured, and as a result, it undergoes various infectious processes.
Very often, the appearance of cervicitis occurs in women who have started an early sexual life or who frequently change their sexual partners.
And the last reason is mechanical damage to the cervix. This occurs when abortion or diagnostic scraping of the uterus, artificially expanding the cervix with a special tool. This includes the installation of a contraceptive spiral.
Symptoms of cervicitis
Cervicitis usually occurs in 2 versions: asymptomatic and with the detection of clinical symptoms. Acute cervicitis manifests itself as a painful sensation in the lower abdomen. Along with this, inflammatory processes occur, accompanied by excretory discharge from the genital organs. As a rule, they are abundant, have an unpleasant smell and contain pus. Very often all these symptoms are accompanied with itching of the genitals or the appearance of bleeding, especially during intercourse. Pain may occur during sex, with acute cervicitis, even fever, dizziness, vomiting, or nausea.
On a background of acute cervicitis there is a chronic form of the disease. It can include the following symptoms: it is the constant appearance of turbid secretion from the genital organs, itching and edema. All these unpleasant feelings remain, which brings the woman a constant discomfort.
Diagnosis of cervicitis
The most important thing in the diagnosis of cervicitis is to prevent the flow of acute cervicitis into a chronic form. It is necessary to visit the gynecologist on a regular basis and conduct all medical measures. It should be noted that the cervicitis may not manifest itself, but it can be detected during a gynecological examination.
Studies do always the same. First, detail the complaints and collection of anamnesis, then conduct an examination in the mirrors of the cervix. If there are any inflammations, the cervix is reddish and may be slightly swollen. Then the gynecologist takes a smear on the flora from the cervix, thanks to this it is possible to identify the causative agent of this disease and it is natural to prescribe the treatment after all. And the last is a colposcopy. This examination helps to see the state of the mucous membrane of the cervix under the microscope, as well as insignificant changes in it. If the disease progresses, then a large number of erythrocytes, leukocytes and lymphocytes will be found during the examination of the smear.
Treatment and prevention of cervicitis
To begin with, you should identify the cause of the disease, and then prescribe a comprehensive treatment. If the proliferation of pathological microorganisms occurs in the cervix, the doctor prescribes antibiotics for treatment. If it is papillomatous or herpetic infection, then antiviral drugs should be used. In order to destroy the causative agent of the disease, different antibiotics are prescribed. For example, tetracycline is used for chlamydial infection, fluconazole - for candidiasis infection.
When eradication of the factors of a viral infection, prolonged and severe treatment is performed. Acyclovir is used in genital herpes, and interferon is used for papillomavirus infection. It should be remembered that during the treatment of a woman, you need to simultaneously examine and its sexual partner, and then prescribe treatment to him. So, cervicitis treatment is a very long process, requiring a thorough and productive treatment, and in order that it does not go into chronic form it is necessary to be treated to the end. Chronic cervicitis is treated much longer, since it is necessary to fight not only the causes of this disease, but also its complications.
Prevention of cervicitis is first of all timely treatment of endocrine disorders, prevention of abortions, personal hygiene and exclusion of sexual infections.
Cervicitis during pregnancy
Very often pregnant women suffer from this disease, this is due to the fact that the woman's immunity decreases and becomes susceptible to various diseases, including gynecological ones.
Treatment with antibiotics should be very accurate and under the strict supervision of the attending physician, since not treating the disease can lead to premature birth or miscarriage. Therefore, cervicitis should be treated in a timely manner so that there are no various pathological changes in the fetus.