The organism perceives ingrown toenail as an alien body and begins sending white blood cells there. As a result, the ingrown nail fester. And such a small at first glance problem can easily grow into phlegmon or gangrene.
Constant pain is another half of the trouble. After all, the case may end not only with the amputation of the finger, but also the entire leg. And for diabetics, the situation when nail grows into the skin - this is a catastrophe. So, let's take a look at what is an ingrown nail and how to deal with this phenomenon.
- 1 Ingrown toenail
- 2 Ingrown toenail: treatment
- 3 Removal of ingrown nail
The ingrown nail can be either unilateral or bilateral. Symptoms of ingrown nails usually increase and intensify as the nail plate moves into the skin of the toe. At first, you just feel some discomfort during long walking.
Later, there are severe pains, inflammation, suppuration, bleeding. The finger increases in size, it becomes even impossible to put on any shoes, walk, leaning on a sore leg.
If you do not pay attention to the problem and do not start treatment in time, it is also possible to complicate the spread of the inflammatory process from the toe to the entire foot. In rare cases, doctors even detect inflammation of the periosteum.
Ingrown toenail on the thumb
Most common. Sometimes this happens immediately on two legs. The reasons for this may be as follows:
- Poor or irregular pedicure;
- Uncomfortable shoes;
- An unusual shape of the nail, which constantly causes its ingrowth into surrounding tissues;
- Fungal diseases of the nails of the feet;
- Lishay, okolonogtevye and subungual warts;
- Injuries to the legs, resulting in a change in the shape of the nail;
- Sharp weight gain.
When the cause of an ingrown nail can become an pedicure? The ingrown nail can appear when the edges of the nail are very strongly rounded. This, of course, looks aesthetically pleasing, but, few people know that the edges of the nails are best left not rounded, but a little square. Deeply cut edges of the nails are often the cause of ingrown nails. Also, the nail grows into the finger when the shoe is too tight or does not match the size of the foot.
To prevent the nail from growing into a finger, never cut your nails too short and round them off at the sides. All sharp edges should be carefully filed, so that they do not irritate and do not injure the skin. Wear comfortable shoes and only your size. Observe the hygiene of the feet.
Ingrown toenail: treatment of
When grows a fingernail, what should do? If fingernail is ingrown into a finger, treatment should be started as soon as possible. Then, when the finger has not started to fester. If the process is just beginning, there is no inflammation and suppuration, salt baths help. They remove puffiness, inhibit inflammatory processes. They need to be done daily, preferably before bed, when the work day is finished, the shoes are taken off and you can completely relax. If possible, the bath can be done more often( up to four times a day for about 10 or 15 minutes).You can also add manganese to the dietary salt.
Attention! Treatment of ingrown nails is best to begin at the earliest stages of the development of this disease, without waiting for the appearance of inflammation, edema, suppuration and other unpleasant complications.
If there are already signs of suppuration, to treat ingrown toenail helps Vishnevsky's ointment. Ointment should be applied overnight, it well draws pus and does not spread infection. Helps also the leaves of aloe. To do this, the sheet is cut from one side, releasing its flesh, and tightly tied to the sick nail. A bandage is applied from above and in this form is left overnight. In the morning, you can try to cut an ingrown nail. The procedure should be repeated daily until complete cure.
More recently, the only possible way to treat the neglected stage of ingrown nails was surgery. However, time does not stand still, one of the modern non-surgical methods of treatment is the installation of a special plate or staples. This method has been practiced for a long time, over the past twenty years. Staples raise the edges of the nail and prevent it from growing into the nail roller.
There is also a method of laser correction of the nail, which fixes not only the plate itself, but also the nail roller. Correction is carried out within half an hour. The rehabilitation period after laser correction is half that of surgery. The likelihood of re-emergence of ingrown nails is extremely small.
Removing an ingrown nail
How to get rid of an ingrown nail if no remedies help and if there are no improvements from the treatment? When ingrown finger in finger, festering , it hurts, and no means help, you need to consult a surgeon. Doctors know how to remove ingrown nail .The operation is performed under local anesthesia( the finger is cured with novocaine) and takes quite a bit of time. Early recourse guarantees that recovery from surgery will be faster and easier.
After the operation, a fresh bandage should be applied every day. This is done until the full recovery or until the moment when the new nail plate grows. One of the drawbacks of surgical treatment of ingrown nails is that it does not exclude relapse.t