By intoxication is meant the poisoning of the body, in which its vital activity is disturbed due to the penetration of toxins and their effects.
- What is intoxication?
- Alcohol Intoxication
What is intoxication?
Factors that cause poisoning of the body, can be both external and internal. So, under the intoxication of internal origin is understood the development by the body of toxins, which are not derived from it.
If we are talking about toxins that are produced by pathogenic microbes, then in this case we can talk about intoxication of external origin.
Remember your condition with ARVI or flu. You experience a headache, body aches and weakness - all this is the influence of the products of the vital activity of bacteria and viruses.
When toxins and toxins appear, the body first reacts violently, and this reaction is called generalized. In this case, toxins can both affect the nervous system, and disrupt the work of the adrenal glands or remove fluid from the body.
Every person has symptoms of intoxication in various ways, but there are common signs.
Signs of intoxication:
- refusal to eat
- rise or fall of temperature
- blood pressure changes
These symptoms appear in the first stage. Further, at the second stage of intoxication, toxins attack a separate organ. Most often, as a result of this, it is the liver that suffers from toxins and tries to neutralize them.
No less harmful effect toxins have on the kidneys, which with urine remove them from the body.
Types of intoxication
- exogenous - it is identified with the concept of "poisoning"
- endogenous - it is called "endotoxicosis" and "auto-toxication"
Almost synonymous are "toxicosis" and "intoxication", since both terms are united by the fact that they are causedlong poisoning.
As a rule, exogenous intoxication is caused by heavy metals, arsenic, poisonous plants and animals. Sometimes intoxication does not occur because of the substance itself that has got into the body, but because of the production of life products. Toxins penetrate the digestive tract, the respiratory tract or mucous membranes.
As far as intoxication of the endogenous type is concerned, it appears from the effects of poisonous substances that are formed when tissues are damaged as a result of injuries, burns and radiation injuries, inflammatory processes, malignant neoplasms.
In addition, endogenous intoxication occurs with the accumulation of thyroid hormones due to the development of such a disease as thyrotoxicosis.
As the metabolic disturbances lead to the formation of toxins and inadequate neutralization of toxic substances( ammonia, phenols, free bilirubin), all this also causes endogenous intoxication.
Species of intoxication:
- Waterhouse-Frideriksen syndrome - it provokes a meningococcal infection. The body temperature rises to 40 degrees, the skin first pale, and then a bright rash appears on it. The condition is extremely dangerous, since it can have a lethal outcome.
- Reye syndrome - often observed in children under 3 years of acute respiratory viral infection and lesions with enterovirus. Within 3-5 days the disease resembles a cold, but then there are signs of poisoning, convulsions and vomiting. Such a state can also result in death, unless immediate measures are taken.
Ethanol, which is a part of alcoholic beverages, belongs to the category of narcotic substances. With a high content of it, a large amount of liquid is removed in the body, and cell protoplasm also folds.
Also ethanol has a negative effect on the mucous membrane of the digestive system. Thus, the level of the enzyme pepsin decreases and the production of gastric juice in the stomach increases.
When alcohol abuse, the brain becomes worse. In particular, braking processes are suspended, provoking a secondary stimulation.
With alcohol intoxication, the movement of neurons deteriorates, which is why reflexes work much worse.
In summary, it can be said that alcohol in large quantities can lead to irreversible processes. Therefore, they can not be abused.
As you can see, intoxication can be both endogenous and exogenous. But both these species are extremely dangerous for human health. Therefore, with a sharp deterioration of the condition( severe pain, cold symptoms and high fever), do not self-medicate - contact the doctor immediately for help.
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