Discharge after the end of menstruation is a common complaint of many women who care about their health. Sometimes such a signal from the body can indicate the presence of any disease of the reproductive system. In general, vaginal discharge before and after menstruation is the norm, if they are not accompanied by itching and burning of the skin, pains in the lower abdomen and have no smell. Otherwise it is recommended to visit a women's consultation.
Every woman knows that normal menstruation lasts no more than seven days. Many gynecologist patients who are worried about their health face brown discharge in the first days after the month of bleeding ceases. So, you should know that brown discharge from the vagina, observed in the first three days after the end of menstruation - is the norm. This is due to the fact that in the last days of monthly blood is released more slowly, accordingly, it manages to curl up and acquire a dark brownish hue. Brown discharge, observed for a long time after the end of menstruation - cause for concern. Such a symptom may indicate the presence of one of such diseases as endometritis and endometriosis.
Symptoms of endometritis
Endometritis is an inflammation of the endometrium, the uterine mucosa. The main cause of its occurrence is the presence in the body of streptococci, pneumococci, staphylococci entering the uterus as a result of interruption of pregnancy, complications of childbirth, etc. For acute endometritis is characterized by the presence of the following main symptoms:
- Long brown discharge from the genital tract before and after menstruation;
- Frequent pain in the lower abdomen;
- Temperature increase;
- General weakness of the body.
In the chronic course of the disease, an increase in body temperature, as a rule, is not observed. Endometritis is dangerous because it is practically asymptomatic. A woman usually does not go to the gynecologist until complications appear in the form of long and profuse menstruation, which are the result of the beginning of rejection of the mucous membrane of the uterus. The most serious consequence of endometritis is infertility.
Endometriosis is a gynecological disease associated with the proliferation of endometrial tissue cells, a benign tumor. Endometriosis is usually affected by women of reproductive age, from 25 to 40 years. The main symptoms of the disease include:
- Prolonged heavy menstruation( more than 10 days);
- Presence of pain in the lower abdomen;
- Appearance of brownish discharge from the vagina.
Most neglected cases result in infertility. Endometriosis is diagnosed by a gynecologist. To establish the diagnosis requires laparoscopy( examination of the abdominal cavity through a special puncture of its wall) and ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs. Sometimes a special blood test is assigned to confirm the diagnosis - a test for an onco-marker. In time, the hormonal or surgical treatment initiated is the key to a full recovery and the ability of a woman to conceive and tolerate a healthy child.
Causes of the disease
Sometimes the cause of brown discharge from the vagina can become such a dangerous disease as endometrial hyperplasia( proliferation of the inner wall of the uterus).Severe forms of the disease can be a starting point for the development of a malignant tumor of the uterus.
Vaginal discharge of a healthy woman, as a rule, does not have a special smell. The smell appears as a result of their contact with the air and the multiplication of bacteria. Brown discharge, continuing after the end of menstruation and having an unpleasant smell, can indicate the presence in the body of ureplazm, chlamydia, mycoplasmas, the herpes virus. At the first suspicion of venereal diseases it is necessary to address to the expert - the gynecologist, or the venereologist and to hand over a smear.
Another possible cause of brown discharge is a life-threatening ectopic pregnancy, characterized by the development of the fetus outside the uterus and beyond( in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, abdominal cavity, etc.).The only method of treating such a disease is surgical removal of the fetus. The diagnosis of early pregnancy allows for gentle treatment without the use of surgeon's tools.
So, the appearance of brown discharge after the end of menstruation, especially in women who have an active sexual life, even with the use of contraceptives, may be one of the signs of an ectopic pregnancy. Therefore, immediately after the appearance of such a symptom, you should buy a test to determine your pregnancy.
The cause of brown discharge from the vagina can be uncontrolled reception of contraceptive hormonal drugs that have a significant effect on the entire body. The appearance of small bloody or brownish discharge during oral contraceptives is normal. If the discharge does not stop more than a month, you should consult a specialist.
Quite normal physiological cause of the appearance of bloody discharge, or dark blood clots after menstruation is the implantation of the embryo into the uterine wall. It can happen, as a rule, one week after ovulation only if there was unprotected sex in the last month.
As we can see, there are a lot of reasons for the appearance of brown discharge after the end of menstruation. They can be the norm, or testify to the presence of a woman with diseases that can cause irreparable harm to her reproductive health. If a woman of her discharge, as a rule, does not bother, if they do not cause discomfort and do not cause skin irritation, there are no grounds for contacting the gynecologist. If the discharge becomes brown, accompanied by pains in the lower abdomen, an unpleasant odor and profuse menstruation, you should go to the clinic and undergo an examination. After identifying the disease, if it is available, the doctor will appoint a qualified treatment.