Cough is a reaction of specific receptors to irritation of the mucous membrane of the trachea, larynx, pleura and bronchi.
During coughing, there is a contraction of the respiratory muscles and an intense release of air from the lungs, which stimulates the clearance of the respiratory tract from mucus and foreign particles.
If this process is not accompanied by secretion of bronchial secretions, then such a cough is called dry or unproductive.
Dry cough is not a disease, but it signals some problems in the body. To get rid of this unpleasant condition, you need to establish the cause of its occurrence.
Causes of dry cough
Dry cough often develops on the background of an acute respiratory illness, such as bronchitis, tracheitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, etc. In this case, the patient first has a slight cough, which within a few hours or two to three days passes intointense dry cough.
Along with this, the patient complains about other symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection: fever, runny nose, worsening of general condition. Gradually, the nature of the cough changes from dry to wet, that is, the patient begins separation of sputum.
Sometimes cough is caused not by infection, but by high sensitivity of cough receptors to various irritants: tobacco smoke, dust, pollen of plants, pet hair. Common causes long-term dry cough - this is almost all chronic respiratory diseases, including bronchitis and bronchial asthma. In this case, the cough can be both permanent and relapsing, when in the patient's state the periods of remission are replaced by exacerbation.
Dry cough causes not only various respiratory infections, but other causes:
- Inhalation of foreign particles.
- COPD( obstructive pulmonary disease).
- Tumor processes.
- Inhalation of chemicals with irritant effect.
- Diseases of the heart and blood vessels, which are accompanied by congestion in the small circle of the circulation.
Dry cough without temperature very often worries those who suffer from bronchial asthma. Usually a cough begins suddenly and can last long enough, and attacks often occur at night. Patients also note that the attack is provoked by external factors: sharp smells, contact with animals, etc. Cough in bronchial asthma is especially unpleasant, if accompanied by a sensation of suffocation and attacks of panic fear.
If dry cough does not pass the month and longer, you should consult your doctor. Such a condition can be caused by the development of an oncological process, which poses a serious threat to the health and life of the patient.
Than to treat a cough
- 1 Than to treat a cough
- 2 Strong dry cough
The choice of therapy is caused by the causes causing a dry cough. If ARVI is accompanied by a slight cough, special treatment is not required: it is enough to take drugs to treat the underlying disease.
If dry cough at night interferes with sleeping, it can be applied to the chest and back of warming ointments.
An excellent means of treatment are inhalation. It is very useful to breathe vapors of essential oils of menthol and eucalyptus, and also to do inhalations over decoctions of sage, thyme and chamomile, in which a small amount of baking soda is added.
The pharmaceutical industry offers an extensive range of medicines for the treatment of dry cough. The drug Bromhexin in the form of tablets and syrup softens the cough, as it stimulates the formation of sputum and its intensive separation from the respiratory tract. Terpinkod and Kodelak act differently: they effectively suppress the cough reflex and help to quickly relieve the patient's condition. If dry cough is caused by excessive viscosity of phlegm, mucolytic drugs are prescribed that can dilute the bronchial secret: Ambrobene, ACC.There are also a number of pharmacological agents that have a bronchodilator, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect: Stoptusin, Bronchicum, Herbion.
Good effect with coughing gives the use of mustard plasters and warming compresses.
Strong dry cough
What if the dry does not pass for a long time in the patient ?First of all, you need to undergo a complete examination, including blood tests, radiography and fluorography. Microbiological examination of sputum is important. This will help to identify the presence of a foci of infection in the body and find out whether there are pathological changes in the bronchi and lungs.
If a severe dry cough is allergic, the use of antitussive and mucolytic drugs will not be enough. In this case, the doctor should prescribe therapy with antihistamines, as well as identify the nature of the allergen and choose a specific treatment.