Probably, every person in his life at least once experienced an unpleasant burning sensation in the chest, followed by a sensation of sour taste in his mouth. This is what are the symptoms of heartburn. However, in the case when the symptoms are rare, they do not cause a special inconvenience to a person. But constant unpleasant sensations create a certain discomfort. In addition, these symptoms are evidence of unfavorable processes inside the body, which can ultimately lead to more serious consequences.
What is heartburn
As a rule, heartburn is a symptom of increased acidity in the stomach when the contents of the latter somehow affect the esophagus. In some cases, heartburn can also bother a perfectly healthy person after eating certain foods or medicines. Such a reaction can be caused primarily by the hypersensitivity of the tissues that lining the surface of the digestive organs. Sometimes, heartburn symptoms appear in healthy people due to the weakness of the digestive sphincter.
I must say that now this disease is no longer something new, as it occurs quite often. And more and more often, the disease manifests itself in people who do not eat right. Speaking about the mechanism of the disease, it should be noted that there is a sphincter between the stomach and esophagus of a person. This sphincter is a kind of valve that performs three important functions:
- First and foremost, the sphincter is needed to pass the food into the stomach
- The valve is also designed not to let the contents of the stomach back
- Finally, the valve is an important gastric juice controller
Thus,for some reason, the sphincter's functioning is disturbed, gastric juice can easily climb the esophagus. So the main symptoms of heartburn are formed. The cause of heartburn can only be established by a doctor, through a complete examination of the digestive organs. The most common procedure for examination is esophagogastroscopy. Using this procedure, the mucous tissue of the esophagus and stomach is examined. Also, for the purpose of examination of the gastrointestinal tract, an x-ray examination of the esophagus can be used, which is capable of detecting the existing physical deviations of the organ. In addition, the following procedures can also be used - esophagomanometry or esophagus manometry, pH-metry - is performed by a special device and shows measurements of the acidity of gastric juice.
Causes of frequent heartburn
Usually the symptoms of heartburn are rare and are associated, as a rule, with overeating or eating poor quality food. However, quite often heartburn is a permanent ailment. In this case, the disease is associated with problems in the gastrointestinal tract. More details about the reasons. Over-eating is the first and most frequent cause of heartburn. In this case, the more often a person eats up, the more he is tormented by heartburn. If the amount of food exceeds the stomach volume regularly, then the heartburn will be constant, too.
No less common cause can be considered meals before bedtime. In this case, the food simply does not have time to digest before the person goes to sleep, which leads to a strong weakening of the valve. As a consequence, gastric juice can rise in the esophagus, which in turn will cause burning in the chest. Quite often, the cause of an illness can be physical exercise immediately after eating. In this case, there may be a mutual adverse reaction. Food that is not completely digested, significantly reduces physical activity, and therefore the exercises performed will most likely not bring the desired result.
In addition, exercise can slow the valve. Nerves are another factor in the appearance of heartburn. It is not necessary to constantly overeat and eat poor-quality food in order to feel heartburn. For many modern people, the main cause is banal stress. In other words, the constant symptoms of the disease can occur in people who are often nervous, do not get enough sleep, or suffer from certain mental and nervous disorders. This is a very common factor, which negatively affects both the entire body and its individual organs. In addition to the above, frequent heartburn may occur due to the following reasons: frequent heartburn may occur due to the following reasons: frequent heartburn may occur due to the following reasons:
- Diabetes mellitus, hernia
- Gastric ulcer or gastritis
- Taking medications that significantly increase the secretion of gastric juice and have a serious effect on the esophageal sphincter
- After a recent surgery
- After gastrointestinal inflammation- the intestinal tract
. However strange it may sound, pregnancy can become a separate cause of heartburn. Symptoms of the disease quite often appear in expectant mothers, especially in the early stages. The reason in this case is an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, which in turn is due to the fact that the uterus during pregnancy significantly increases in size. In addition, this is due to the increase in the body amount of progesterone. However, this unpleasant symptom can be weakened. To do this, from the diet should exclude all foods that can cause heartburn.
In addition to products, even hot or too cold dishes can provoke heartburn.
Proper nutrition for heartburn
Proper nutrition is the key to treating heartburn. Diet in this case is based on the use of certain foods and dishes that can prevent the emergence of unpleasant symptoms. When heartburn for breakfast is best to eat oatmeal without salt. To ensure that the dish does not seem completely tasteless, you can add an apple or a small amount of butter to the porridge. In order to reduce the likelihood of an ailment, you need to eat a lot of potatoes, carrots, and beets. These vegetables are easily digested by organisms and saturate it with a large number of essential vitamins. Also, it is recommended to eat natural yogurt and drink milk. All this is also well absorbed, does not create a sense of gravity.
It is useful to eat eggs in boiled form or in the form of an omelette, as well as fish, because these products are an important source of protein and contain many useful vitamins. You can eat cheese, but it's extremely low-fat. With heartburn, you can eat boiled or baked meat, but fried and fatty meat should be completely excluded from the diet. There is a list of foods that should not be consumed with symptoms of heartburn. This includes the following:
- Drinks containing caffeine
- Fried and fatty food
- Effervescent drinks
The above products help to produce acid in the stomach and relax the valve. Also, the relaxation of the sphincter and, consequently, the appearance of symptoms of heartburn can be facilitated by cigarette smoke, some physical exercises, namely, leans forward, and even a belt that is too tightened on the pants. In addition, some of the modern medicines can greatly aggravate heartburn, among them antidepressants and sedatives are allocated. Therefore, before taking such a remedy, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Negative effects on the strength of the symptoms can be spicy seasonings and citrus. However, everything here depends on the body, the above may not have any effect on heartburn.
The most popular way to get rid of the symptoms of heartburn is eating baking soda. I must say that soda in this case is very effective, but you can not use it as a treatment too often. This method can only be used in emergency cases, since soda results in an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the stomach, which in turn contributes to an increase in internal pressure and, as a consequence, to a repeated attack of heartburn. In addition, the frequent use of baking soda quickly breaks the body's water-salt balance. As an alternative to soda, with the symptoms of heartburn, you can use special bicarbonate mineral water.
If heartburn has become a regular occurrence, then it is worth asking for help from a specialist. The doctor will appoint the necessary examination to find out the cause of the disease, following which he will prescribe the appropriate drugs. The most common medicines are Maalox, Rennie, Almagel, and Fosfalugel. The preparation binds the acid of the stomach with the help of salts of magnesium and aluminum. There are also such drugs that are able not only to bind the acid, but also to form a kind of helium film on the mucosa. In addition to medical treatment, you can get rid of heartburn with the help of folk remedies.
A very common remedy for heartburn is tincture from the root of celery. This tincture quite quickly normalizes the work of the gastrointestinal tract. To prepare the product, pour two teaspoons of dried root with boiling water and insist for thirty minutes. The tincture can be drunk a little all day or at once to drink in one gulp. To get rid of frequent heartburn, this tincture should be drunk every day for ten days. After the course of treatment, the symptoms of heartburn cease to manifest.
There is another popular method - warm water. If in the morning to drink on an empty stomach warm boiled water, then soon the acidity inside the stomach will be restored, and hence the regular symptoms of heartburn will stop bothering.
A good effect helps to achieve a tincture of the fruits of odorous dill. To prepare the infusion, pour a glass of hot boiled water three teaspoons of chopped fruit and insist for about two to three hours. Take this tincture should be five times a day for three tablespoons.
Therefore, the causes of heartburn can be many, from improper eating habits to serious illnesses. In order to cure an ailment, it is first necessary to contact a specialist who will help to identify the cause of the disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment. However, in addition to taking medications, you should remember about proper nutrition. Eating the right foods will help stop the symptoms and prevent their further appearance. It is important to remember - as with any other diseases, heartburn requires an integrated approach to treatment.
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