Sometimes we just do not see any deposits on the surface of the teeth. But this is deceptive, because absolutely everyone has them, only at different speeds. It depends on how the metabolic processes take place in the body. If this is unavoidable, then we are concerned with the question of how to remove tartar.
The process of formation of tartar
Dentists recommend brushing your teeth in different directions for at least three minutes. But people who adhere to these tips, very little. But even those who carefully care for teeth are prone to the formation of tartar.
Everything begins with the settling of a soft plaque, which we strive to remove with a brush with toothpaste. But the surface of the teeth is only the tip of the iceberg. Plaque clogged in the gap between the teeth, and remove it with a brush is almost impossible.
This helps to make dental floss, but, despite the best result, it is also unable to remove the plaque 100%.Moreover, it is postponed even in the subgingival region.
Time passes and plaque accumulates, hardens and is cemented around the gums. These solid deposits are called tartar. Still no one managed to avoid his education, but we can and must slow it down.
The average speed of its formation is six months, therefore it is recommended to remove tartar twice a year, sometimes even more often.
Why does tartar
appear? Doctors periodontists call several reasons for this process:
- man consumes little solid food;
- Irregular brushing of teeth and improper conduct of teeth;
- use of substandard toothbrushes and low-quality pastes;
- involved in chewing food only on one side of the jaw;
- infringement of salt metabolism;
- , when the teeth are sealed, their surface becomes rough and this also causes the formation of a stone.
In relation to the edge of the gum, the stone is called the suprasloval and subgingival. The one that formed above the gum can be seen when examining the oral cavity. This is clay or solid deposition of white or yellow. Cleaning the teeth from the stone in this case is done by the doctor with special tools.
What is formed under the gum is so easy not to remove. These deposits are more solid and dense. Their color is more saturated: dark brown or greenish-black. Such a tartar as it fuses with the root of the tooth and it can be found only by the dentist with the help of a probe.
The fact that you already have tartar, will be testified by traces of blood and bad breath.
What is the danger of tartar?
Deposits on the surface of the teeth are a breeding ground for the reproduction of bacteria, and this in turn is fraught with various diseases. First of all, it is tooth decay, which destroys the teeth. But even more terrible is that they form on the border of the gum and tooth. The stone grows and stubbornly descends into the dental hole. Desna all the worse against the neck of the tooth, and formed a kind of pockets. There comes a time when the pocket becomes so large that the tooth can not hold on to its place and falls out. If this is accompanied by inflammation in the gums, then all can end sadly - the development of periodontitis, in which the teeth loosen and fall out.
Removal of dental calculi in clinics
How can I remove tartar? There are three types of this procedure: mechanical, physical and chemical. Do it yourself at home is impossible. Therefore, you need to visit the dentist regularly. Although you can test your teeth for a stone at home. To do this, moisten the cotton swab with Lugol's solution and wipe their teeth. Places with a touch after staining will have a darker appearance.
A mechanical method for cleaning teeth is done manually with the help of special tools: a hand scaler and sickle-shaped hooks, and a special excavator and a crocheting spoon are used to remove the stone from subgingival surfaces. This method is quite laborious and is now used very rarely, especially since such cleansing on the enamel can leave microcracks.
The chemical method is generally ineffective, as the active substances of the drugs used do not penetrate the gum well enough and can not cope with the underlying deposits. Fluorinated preparations and glycerophosphates, as well as solvents for the destruction of tartar, are used. But these substances can also have a negative effect on the gums and the surface of the teeth.
The most commonly used in modern dental clinics is the removal of tartar by ultrasound.
Scaling with ultrasound
The ultrasonic scaler has a special tip, vibrating at certain frequencies, and it removes tartar and plaque. The method is quite effective, painless and bloodless. It does not require anesthesia and only if the tooth is sensitive to the patient, it can be applied.
Procedure lasts no more than an hour. It ends with polishing and polishing of tooth surfaces with a special paste. Teeth become absolutely smooth and on them it is much more difficult to linger on deposits. Simultaneously with cleansing, teeth whitening from pigmentation occurs, which we earn by the bad habit of smoking a lot, and by the frequent use of strong coffee and tea. The teeth will become whiter for a couple of tones.
Removing tartar by ultrasound is absolutely safe for enamel of teeth. And even on the contrary, after the procedure, it is much easier to absorb mineral and nutrients from food and toothpastes. To drawbacks of the method can be attributed some soreness in the extraction of subgingival stones. But at the request of the patient, the process can be anesthetized.
There are also contraindications to this method of tooth cleaning: the presence of implants and orthopedic structures in the oral cavity, infant teeth and some diseases: cardiac arrhythmia, asthma and chronic bronchitis, hypersensitivity of teeth. Contraindications are tuberculosis, hepatitis and HIV.
The great advantage of the method is its low cost.
Removal of tartar with laser
There is also a laser cleansing of tartar. The principle of operation is the same as in the treatment of teeth by ultrasound. However, laser equipment is so expensive that not every clinic can afford such a pleasure. Hence the price of the cleaning procedure is very high, because the method is less popular than ultrasound.
We conclude: every dental treatment or filling for preventive purposes should begin with the removal of tartar and plaque. Professionally performed cleaning of teeth for a long time will keep them clean and sparkling, and breathing fresh.
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