The term "pharyngitis" in medicine is used to designate acute or chronic inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa, as well as the lymphoid tissue of the nasopharynx. The disease develops when the body is infected with various fungi, viruses and bacteria. In the overwhelming majority of cases( about 70%), viral pharyngitis is recorded, and most often this occurs during the autumn and spring epidemics. Viral pharyngitis in children usually occurs in an acute form and is characterized by the presence of sore throat and high fever.
Infection with viral pharyngitis
Viral pharyngitis is caused by many viruses, some of which can be latent in every human body. The number of microorganisms that most often cause the development of this disease include:
- adenoviruses and rhinoviruses;
- coronaviruses and cytomegalovirus;
- influenza viruses;
- herpes simplex viruses.
Viral pharyngitis, which develops in children, is most often caused by the introduction of rhinovirus into the pharyngeal pharynx.
Infection with any of the above viruses can occur in several ways: through the air, through kisses and common objects of everyday life. In children's preschool and school groups, the disease can be simultaneously registered at once with several children. This is due to the very close contact of children in such groups, as well as the use of common toys and the exchange of office supplies.
The result of improper therapy or untreated disease in most cases is its chronic form with persistent relapses. Exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease can occur against the background of gastrointestinal diseases, after inhalation of dry air and sharp odors, with a deficiency of vitamins and the presence of allergies.
The main symptoms of acute viral pharyngitis
The main symptoms of viral pharyngitis are very similar to manifestations of tonsillitis( tonsillitis), in which the inflammatory process also captures the tonsils and is accompanied by a pronounced intoxication of the body. The development of viral pharyngitis occurs 3-7 days after infection, depending on the degree of resistance of the body and the strength of immunity.
It is important to take into account the fact that acute viral pharyngitis rarely occurs as a separate disease, in most cases it accompanies such diseases as scarlet fever, measles, rubella and ARVI.Diseases have a number of similar symptoms, so the doctor can only differentiate the disease and prescribe an adequate treatment.
At the very beginning of the disease, there is a feeling of perspiration in the throat and discomfort when talking and swallowing. A few hours later, a pronounced pattern of inflammation develops:
- soreness swallowing, especially on "dry";
- symptoms of general malaise( weakness, lack of appetite, lethargy);
- temperature increase;
- symptoms of fever( chills, sweating).
If the inflammatory process is involved, the tubopharyngeal ridges are involved, the pain can "beat off" into the ear region.
In addition to the above symptoms, the patient with palpation of the neck shows enlarged submandibular lymph nodes. If you carefully consider the throat during this period of the development of the disease, you can notice a pronounced hyperemia on the back wall of the pharynx. It's better to imagine what the viral pharyngitis looks like, see the photos below:
Than to treat viral pharyngitis in children
The tactics of treatment of viral pharyngitis is determined only after a careful examination of the patient's throat and smear examination, which will help determine the type of pathogen and prescribe the most effective drug. Only an experienced doctor who knows how to distinguish viral pharyngitis from a bacterial or fungal infection can make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe an adequate treatment. Without specifying the results of taking a smear, it is not advisable to prescribe any drugs.
For example, antibiotics, loved by many doctors, will have a zero effect on a viral or fungal pathogen. They will help only if the bacterium that has settled in the body is to blame. And antiviral drugs do not affect fungi in any way, and so on.
Treatment of viral pharyngitis in children and adults should be comprehensive. It is important to take all the medicines prescribed by the doctor at the agreed time and in accordance with meals. In addition, you should observe a semi-postal regimen until full recovery.
Viral pharyngitis is an infectious disease, so contact with other family members should be limited. It is necessary to take care of it in a mask, use separate dishes for feeding and drinking, change bed linens and towels once a day, carry out disinfecting cleaning and airing in the room.
How to treat viral pharyngitis in children? Most often, patients are prescribed such topical agents as Ingalipt and Strepsils plus, Miramistitin is used for inhalation and rinsing of the throat. Also shown are rinsing of the throat with herbal decoctions, "Rotocan" and a solution of furacilin.