Disturbances in the venous bed of the circulatory system can give a person a lot of problems. Experiencing for atherosclerotic lesions of arterial vessels, people forget that the veins carry an equally heavy load.
How does blood flow through veins?
Varicose veins( in the people "varicosity") is a disease associated with the loss of venous vessels of the ability to move the blood flow against gravity from the bottom up, to prevent a return. For this function, the walls of the veins have a muscular layer that is no less strong than the arteries, and they have valves on the inner surface that prevent the reverse flow of blood. Muscle tone normally does not allow the vein to expand and deposit the fluid.
For the organization of venous outflow there are few veins. Chambers of the heart, diaphragm, abdominal wall provide a "suction" action, creating areas of negative pressure. Therefore, venous blood is sent from the end points of the body to the heart, carries the slag for processing into the liver and kidneys.
All mechanisms of this process play a role in the occurrence of varicose veins. To treat varicose is necessary in view of the malfunction at different levels of blood supply.
Causes of varicose veins
Most often, women suffer because:
- the load on the veins of the legs during pregnancy and childbirth is significantly increased;
- reception of contraceptives( contraceptives) changes the tone of the venous wall;
- great importance in the rapid damage of the valves has a hereditary deficiency of hyaluronic acid, through which a dense wall is formed;
- stagnation of blood in the legs is facilitated by wearing tight belts, corsets, pulling underwear;
- the habit of sitting "foot on foot";
- long standing work or labor associated with lifting of gravity;
- smoking and alcohol "finish off" blood vessels;
- excess body weight increases the burden on the veins.
Symptoms of varicose veins
Vascular mesh under the knee is an early sign of varicose veins
As the legs are the most distant part of the body, constantly performing physical exertion, varicose veins appear more often here. However, the defeat of veins can occur in the internal organs. For example, varicose veins of the esophagus with liver diseases are a serious problem.
At the initial stage of the disease, patients, mostly young women, complain of a cosmetic defect in the form of vascular blue "spiders" or "mesh" on the hips, legs, under the knees. In the future there are protrusions of blood vessels in the form of strands. Characteristic of their increase after walking, a prolonged vertical position and disappearance in the supine position. There are pain and fatigue in the legs, swelling in the evening( the patients note that by the end of the day the shoes are tight), muscle cramps. Finally, it is already impossible to cure varicose veins, it is necessary to prevent deterioration and serious complications.
Treatment of varicose veins
Conservative( non-surgical) methods, sclerotherapy and surgical treatment can be distinguished.
Conservative methods of treatment
How to treat varicose in the initial stage, the doctor will tell. Surgeons prescribe medications and ointments that have the property of strengthening the tone of the veins( venotonic).Do not get carried away with advertising and believe in the disappearance of "stars".Venous pattern on the skin will remain, but you can reduce the feeling of fatigue in your legs, reduce swelling, prevent further development of the disease. Ointments containing heparin or troxevasin, it is recommended to apply at night in the form of compresses. So the healing effect increases. Recommend once a week to drink mild diuretics.
Treatment of varicose veins with laser
The use of compression therapy reduces to bandaging the affected leg with an elastic bandage, wearing special stockings or golfs. Wear them in the morning in a recumbent state, with dry hands. Bandage is superimposed from the fingers upwards. It is necessary to choose golfs of its size. In orthopedic shops golfs and stockings of various classes of compression are sold( from the first to the fourth).Specifically, the product number will tell the doctor. Too much squeezing will lead to a clamping of the arterial vessels and further worsen the blood supply.
Sometimes patients complain of difficulty breathing after putting on compression stockings and refuse to use them. This occurs as a result of the outflow of blood from the lower extremities to the upper part of the trunk and the heart. It will be necessary to gradually get used to the auxiliary compression of the veins, to train the heart.
This type of treatment is based on the penetration of laser beams into the venous junction. There is a good effect when used in the early stages, when the veins are enlarged in diameter to three to five mm. As a result, the tone rises, blood clots dissolve, blood flow improves. Treatment is carried out by a specially trained physician in the physiotherapy department.10-12 procedures are conducted for the course. It is recommended to repeat laser treatment every six months.
Use of folk recipes
Treatment with folk remedies should be done with caution, using proven methods. All the recommended drugs are aimed at strengthening the tone of the venous wall and muscles of the shins, resorption of blood clots and prevention of increased blood clotting in the enlarged venous nodes, anti-inflammatory effect with thrombophlebitis.
Treatment with bandages with leaves of mother-and-stepmother
The gauze is put on a gauze napkin, and on it the leaves of the mother-and-stepmother alternately different sides, the bandages are bandaged. It can be kept all day. If there is no possibility to wear a bandage during the day, then only at night, and in the morning to clean in the refrigerator. Next time change the leaves side or move the bandage so that in place of the "mother" was "stepmother".The course of recommended treatment is two months.
It is also suggested to drink broth of leaves of mother-and-stepmother: 3-4 sheets pour a glass of boiling water and boil for ten minutes, cool and strain. The resulting broth to drink a day in four divided doses.
The same action is exerted by green cabbage leaves, bandaged to a sick leg.
Tincture of birch buds and white acacia flowers helps with gentle lubrication and rubbing in painful places above the veins. To prepare: fill 1/3 of the bottle with medicinal raw materials, pour 0.5 liters of vodka and insist for twenty days, occasionally shaking.
Traditional medicine suggests using compresses from fresh tomato or grated potatoes. Kashitsu or lobules are applied to the damaged vessels, covered with waxed paper or cellophane, pribintovyvayut to the shins, cover with a warm cloth. The compress should be aged for three to five hours.
Varicose veins are treated with a bandage with mashed wormwood leaves and a spoonful of sour cream. They stand for one and a half to two hours, apply for a week.
To lubricate the painful varicose veins several times a day, there is a prescription for ointment: add to one teaspoon of potato starch twice as many flowers of chamomile, flowers and sage leaves in powder form and 50 g of mashed chestnut fruits. To the mixture add 200 g of hot chicken fat, stir well and stand for two hours in a water bath. Infuse 8 hours, then drain.
For foot baths in an enameled bucket a solution is prepared from the branches of oak, chestnut and willow. Boil 30 minutes, then add the full package( 200 g) of chamomile, St. John's wort and string. Stir and leave to infuse for the night. Separately boil boiling water three loaves of rye bread. Before use, the solutions are mixed, slightly warmed. In a bucket, you need to lower your legs with a damaged vein for half an hour before bedtime. The course of therapy is twenty days.
Sclerotherapy is applied:
- in the absence of complications in the form of thrombophlebitis and trophic ulcers;
- if the veins are small in size.
Sclerotherapy is a popular method of treating varicose today, because it does not hurt, fast and there is scarring left
The essence of the method: a sclerosing substance is injected into the enlarged vein or node under local anesthesia, which causes destruction of the inner vein of the vein and its complete closure. Blood supply will be carried out at the expense of other less damaged veins. The whole procedure lasts 20-30 minutes. Then a bandage is applied on the foot or a compression stocking is put on for five days.
Existing techniques provide the ligation of the ends of the damaged vein and its removal. Scars remain on the skin. The technique of miniblebectomy is used by vascular surgeons most often. In this case, the vein after the dressing is stretched by a special crochet. Scars on the skin are small. Surgeons perform an outpatient operation( without hospitalization of the patient), no prolonged recovery period is required.
All of the above treatment methods are applicable at a particular stage of the disease, often used in a complex under the supervision of the attending physician.