How to reduce intracranial pressure( ICP)?

Intracranial pressure may vary throughout the day. Similar to the arterial, it rises and falls as a result of the influence of various factors, and the person does not feel any discomfort. Pathology is a persistent increase in ICP, which is due to the accumulation in the skull of an excess of cerebrospinal fluid( cerebrospinal fluid).

Intracranial hypertension may be a sign of a disease. It is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, the most characteristic of which is a severe headache. High ICP can cause damage to the optic nerve and loss of vision, so the question of how to reduce intracranial pressure, faces anyone who has encountered this pathology.

Tactics of treatment depend on the cause of the disease. Used as medical, as well as surgical methods, as well as folk remedies. In any case, you need to lower the pressure only under the supervision of a doctor. The main principle is the treatment of the underlying disease and at the same time a reduction in pressure. In addition to drugs, prescribe a diet and drinking regimen, and also recommend changing the way of life.

Symptoms of high ICD

The following symptoms are typical for intracranial hypertension:

  • Severe headache, pressing on the eyes.
  • Nausea and vomiting, not related to food intake.
  • "Bruises" under the eyes.
  • Fast fatigue.
  • Visual impairment.
  • Increased sweating, palpitations, jumps of blood pressure, fainting.
  • Pain in the eyes, a feeling of bulging eyeballs.
  • Nervousness, increased excitability.
  • Dividing in the eyes while focusing on the subject.

Drug treatment

As a rule, diuretics and a diet with a low salt content are prescribed to reduce ICP.To relieve the pain, spasmolytics and painkillers are used.

If high intracranial pressure is associated with inflammatory processes, and also causes damage to the optic nerves and visual impairment, the doctor may prescribe corticosteroid preparations. However, these medicines have many side effects and are prescribed in extreme cases.

Surgical intervention

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Cardiac pressure lowering drugs

This method is indicated for acute intracranial hypertension that has developed as a result of a stroke or severe trauma. In this case, the removal of the skull. This operation is called a craniectomy.

If intracranial hypertension occurs for a long time, has acquired a chronic form, and conservative treatment does not give a positive result, then another surgical operation is indicated. In this case, an intraventricular catheter is inserted into the brain through an aperture drilled in the skull and the excess cerebrospinal fluid is pumped out.

For a significant visual impairment caused by edema of the optic nerve disk, decompression( fenestration) of the envelope that envelops the optic nerve is performed. The operation consists in pumping out excess fluid, due to which the intracranial pressure decreases.

Other activities

Along with treatment, it is necessary to change some habits.

It is important to get rid of excess weight, if available. Normalizing the weight allows you to quickly lower the pressure. This is also promoted by nutrition with a low salt content. In the diet, you need to include more vegetables and fruits.

Doctors recommend running with intracranial hypertension. The result will be visible after six months. It will benefit gymnastic exercises, increased activity during the day, daily walks.

In addition, lowering the intracranial pressure will help massage the collar zone. Duration of treatment - 10 sessions.

Traditional medicine

For the treatment of ICP at home use and folk remedies. For a long time, medicinal plants have been used for this purpose. Reduce the intracranial pressure with flax seeds, valerian, hawthorn and dog rose, stevia, meadow clover, garlic, lavender and others. To do this, you can prepare various tinctures that will relieve the headache, improve blood circulation in the brain, reduce the amount of accumulated cerebrospinal fluid.

tinctures of medicinal plants
To reduce ICP use tinctures of medicinal plants

Tincture 1

In a glass half-liter jar to fold the flowers of clover, pour vodka and leave at room temperature for two weeks, then strain. Spread a tablespoon of tincture in water( half a glass) and drink 3 r.per day for 30 minutes.before meals. Take within a month.

Tincture 2

Grass lavender( 1 table spoon) pour boiling water( half a liter) and insist for an hour. After this, strain and drink before eating( for half an hour) 1 p.a day on a tablespoon. Treatment lasts one month.

Tincture 3

To prepare this remedy, you need to take garlic( two heads) and lemons( two pieces).Grate finely( lemons with peel), put in glassware, pour vodka in the amount of 1.5 liters. Stir and put on a day in a dark place, then strain. Take the tincture within 2 weeks. Drink once a day for two tables.spoons before bedtime.

Headache with ICP can be prepared by external means.

Laurel sheets( 25 pieces) pour boiling water( half a liter), let it brew for five minutes. Bend over the dishes, cover the head with a towel, breathe for 15 minutes.

To relieve the headache with high ICP several times during the day, rub the ears with cool water. With the same purpose for the night rubbing into the region of the temples a little warm lavender oil.

Video on the causes and methods of treatment of intracranial pressure:

In conclusion

High intracranial pressure is characterized by quite pronounced symptoms and leads to a significant deterioration of well-being. Intracranial hypertension is dangerous when the pressure rises rapidly. This can lead to damage to vital parts of the brain, and even death. Therefore it is very important to make an appointment with a doctor on time and begin treatment.