Inflammation of the walls of the veins with the formation in their lumen of a blood clot( thrombus) is called thrombophlebitis. The disease in most cases occurs in the lower extremities and is considered insidious, since it is dangerous for its consequences. More often they suffer from the fair sex.
Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities - symptoms
- 1 Thrombophlebitis of the lower limbs - symptoms
- 2 Treatment of thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities
- 3 Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities
- 4 Deep thrombophlebitis
The preferred location of the blood clot is the veins of the lower leg, thigh, ankle.
Specific signs of thrombophlebitis are closely related to its form. Local symptoms are typical for any of them in varying degrees of severity. These include:
- vein tightening in the form of strands;
- burning sensation;
- tenderness in palpation;
- skin hyperemia in the form of small red spots;
- sensation of gravity, which is particularly palpable towards evening.
There are following forms of the disease.
- Non-neural surface thrombophlebitis has a chronic course and almost always accompanies varicose veins. In addition to the local symptoms of the patient during exacerbation, hyperthermia can be disturbing. Periodically, under the influence of provoking factors, there are periods of exacerbation.
- Deep venous thrombophlebitis is accompanied by fever, pain, and pulling character. The limb can not be fully retracted and / or unbent. Palpation of veins, located deep in soft tissues, is accompanied by sharp pain. The limb swells and becomes crimson or, conversely, a pale shade.
- Migrating thrombophlebitis is accompanied by alternate formation of blood clots in various veins and arteries. This form of the disease is accompanied by acute pain.
- Purulent thrombophlebitis is accompanied by high hyperthermia up to 40C.In the vein, together with the thrombus, there are foci of pus, which, with blood flow, can spread throughout the body and form new foci.
Treatment of thrombophlebitis of lower extremities
Therapeutic measures are aimed at eliminating the process of inflammation, reducing the formation of thrombi, releasing the veins from the already existing clots.
To reduce the inflammatory response is possible with drugs belonging to the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( butadione, aspirin, etc.).
For lesions of superficial veins, dressings are shown with a suitable ointment( butadione, heparin, etc.). Drugs for thrombophlebitis for its infectious nature are prescribed in the form of antibiotics. Useful in eliminating inflammation will be physiotherapy( magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, etc.), contrast shower.
How to treat thrombophlebitis with traditional medicine?
For this purpose, beekeeping products, such as honey compress, apple cider vinegar, which are used as a triturate, are perfect. If in 100 g of goose fat add 30 grams of comfrey rhizomes, heat, drain and cool, you get an ointment that has excellent healing properties.
Liquid dosage forms that should be taken orally are recommended for infusion from dried clover heads and tincture from horse chestnut inflorescences.
It should be remembered that none of the above means should not be taken without the advice of a doctor.
Thrombophlebitis of lower limb veins
- hereditary predisposition;
- long standing in a standing or sitting position. Sellers, hairdressers, drivers, office workers - in combination with other factors, risk more than others to acquire the disease;
- strict bed rest for a long time;
- presence in the anamnesis of varicose veins;
- susceptibility to increased blood clotting;
- oncological diseases;
- gestation period;
- is overweight;
- is elderly and senile.
A serious complication of the disease, often leading to death, is pulmonary embolism. It arises if the clot breaks off and with the current of blood gets into the pulmonary vessels, clogging them. The patient develops symptoms of respiratory and heart failure.
Deep thrombophlebitis affects veins that are located in deep layers of muscle. Internal thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities occurs in elderly people with chronic heart and vascular diseases, obesity, oncology, and diabetes mellitus.
The mechanism of origin of pathologists is closely related to a change in the structure of the inner vein of the veins. Their damage provokes coagulation( coagulation) in the affected area. In 90% of cases, thrombi form in the venous sinuses, which open in the veins of the shin and blindly terminate in the calf muscles.
Stagnant processes occur due to insufficient movements. Deep thrombosis is facilitated by surgical interventions that contribute to changes in blood properties. Therefore, acute thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities of in elderly patients may occur soon after the intervention.
For 6 months, most patients have a tendency to thrombosis. Characteristic symptoms for this pathology: pain in the region of the shin, which is strengthened when the foot moves in the foot, swelling. The severe form of the disease is accompanied by gangrene and shock state.