Helicobacteriosis is a chronic infection, the causative agent of which is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, transmitted by the fecal-oral mechanism through food and water.
Helicobacter, first discovered by G. Bizzozero, as an independent genus was described almost a century later by Warren and Marshall.
Getting into the stomach, helikobakterii cause intense inflammation of the mucosa, which is accompanied by a violation of the integrity of the epithelium and the development of microabscesses.
Helicobacteriosis refers to anthropogenic infections. The source of infection is a sick person with a manifest or asymptomatic course.
More than 50% of the population over 60 years of age can be infected with this microorganism.
To date, it is known that this bacterium is the cause of more than half of all cases of gastritis. Helicobacter is almost 100% found in peptic ulcer patients. However, there are many theories criticizing the crucial role of Helicobacter pylori in the etiology of peptic ulcer.
Symptoms of Helicobacteriosis of the stomach
The symptoms accompanying Helicobacteriosis are very diverse. On the basis of clinical manifestations, typical forms are distinguished, in the form of which this disease can occur. To such forms carry, first of all, a chronic gastritis which shows Helicobacteriosis of the stomach.
In addition, this infection manifests a peptic ulcer( with both the stomach and duodenum), can occur as adenocarcinoma or gastric lymphoma.
The most frequent symptoms that indicate helicobacteriosis are pain with a feeling of heaviness in the stomach( which is aggravated or, conversely, passes with eating), bloating, the eruption of an eructation or heartburn, and instant saturation or, conversely, an unquenchable hunger, the feeling of whichdoes not disappear even after eating.
At the same time, it should be noted that the presence of these signs does not mean that Helicobacter Pylori is at fault, and the absence of any or all of the above manifestations does not mean that there is no infection.
If helikobakter was once acquired by the body, it will persist in it all his life. In this case, it can cause, may not cause symptoms characterizing Helicobacteriosis.
Methods for the diagnosis of helicobacteriosis: microscopy and aerotest
Helicobacteriosis is difficult to diagnose because of the absence of specific symptoms. In the clinical picture of this disease there are no signs that make it possible to classify it unequivocally.
Methods for the diagnosis of helicobacteriosis are reduced to microscopy( detection of bacteria in smears -prints) and a tank-study of biopsy material, which is obtained with endoscopy of the stomach and duodenum.
In addition, it is possible to determine specific antibodies in the blood serum, as well as the so-called aerotest study, in which the content of the microbial waste products( in particular ammonia) is identified by the air exhaled by the patient.
Treatment of Helicobacteriosis of the stomach in adults
Treatment of helicobacteriosis in adults depends on the form in which the infection manifests itself.
In 1987, the European Group for the Study of this bacterium was established to develop acceptable diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to diseases associated with Helicobacter. This group carries out periodic publication of recommendations( Maastricht Consensus).
For example, if the patient is diagnosed with helicobacteriosis of the stomach, the treatment consists of etiotropic therapy as in gastritis. For this, trichopolum( metronidazole) or tinidazole is used.
In the treatment of peptic ulcer of the stomach, which was the consequence of Helicobacteriosis, the drug of choice is the colloidal subcitrate of bismuth( denol, tribimol, etc.).
For the eradication of Helicobacter the combination of Trichopolum and Denol with amoxicillin or Augmentin is most effective. Also effective is the combination of antibacterial drugs and drugs that inhibit the proton pump( omeprazole, pantoprazole, etc.).
With such an infection as helikobakterioz treatment can be folk: for example, you can use a collection of yarrow herbs and leaves of the watch three-leaved.
As for the therapeutic diet, I must say that the diagnosis of Helicobacteriosis diet, designed specifically for patients with this infection, is absent. The dietary table is selected and appointed taking into account the disease caused by Helicobacter pylori.
If Helicobacteriosis is suspected, both treatment and prevention should be supervised by physicians.
Specific prevention is not developed. However, taking into account the frequent occurrence of this infection in family foci, strict adherence to san-gig measures in the family is mandatory, as well as in a number of cases, the eradication of the pathogen.