The concept of "arthritis" includes a number of different diseases. All of them mainly affect the joints of the legs and hands, and ultimately lead to a complete or partial restriction of the mobility of the joints. However, at the initial stages of the disease affects small joints, in particular, and on the fingers. Typical symptoms are unbearable pain and persistent fever.
As with any other disease, to get good effect and completely get rid of the disease, you have to start fighting with it as soon as possible. That is why the treatment of arthritis of the fingers should be carried out quickly, qualitatively and, most importantly, at the time.
A properly formulated treatment plan always affects the immediate cause of the disease. For arthritis, they are as follows:
- Infectious Disease;
- Operations, injuries, bruises;
- Genetic factors.
- Tobacco smoking;
- Strong supercooling;
- Weakened immunity.
Types of arthritis of the fingers and its symptoms
Currently, there are two main forms of arthritis: acute and chronic. The first develops quickly and is always accompanied by high fever, swelling in the joints and severe pain. The second, as a rule, develops over a long period of time. It appears not so pronounced, more often in the form of subfebrile temperature and stiffness in joints during movement. The nature of the course of the disease largely depends on his treatment. Arthritis of the joints of the fingers of the hands is manifested in every person in different ways, but it is still possible to single out the general points.
Typical symptoms for arthritis of any location are:
- Pain in the joints of the fingers that occurs when they move and reinforces after prolonged resting;
- High figures of body temperature( mainly manifested in acute form of the disease);
- Stiffness in the joints. It develops after 1-2 years, it is characteristic for chronic form;
- Swelling and redness of the skin above the affected joints.
There is another classification based on the causes of arthritis development. According to it, the following forms of the disease are distinguished:
- Infectious arthritis;
- Purulent arthritis;
- Rheumatoid arthritis;
To date, there are more than 150 known types of arthritis.
One of the most important moments in the treatment of hand arthritis is diagnosis. As a rule, it includes the following types of surveys:
- Interrogation of the patient( complaints, collection of anamnesis of life and disease);
- Inspection( identification of symptomatic symptoms);
- Standard surveys( OAK, OAM, BCA);
- X-ray examination is the most informative method. It allows you to determine the stage of the disease and the degree of its severity.
- Additional examinations of internal organs.
Differential diagnosis is performed between rheumatoid arthritis, gouty arthritis and cervical osteochondrosis.
Do not forget that arthritis can develop in a person of any age group, therefore, on the watchdog it is necessary to always and always seek qualified help from a doctor.
How to treat arthritis of the fingers? Without preliminary complex diagnostics, even an experienced doctor can not answer this question. After all, in order to cope with the disease, it is necessary to know the cause of its occurrence. Only by identifying the source of the problem, the doctor can determine the correct treatment tactics.
You can fully cope with the disease only in the early stages of its development. In advanced cases, treatment is rarely effective.
Treatment of finger polyarthritis
If infectious arthritis is diagnosed, then the doctor usually prescribes a course of antibiotics in combination with the intake of corticosteroids. Such therapy is aimed at eliminating the main focus of the disease. With severe pain, analgesics with an antispasmodic effect, as well as NSAIDs, are added to the treatment plan.
Chondroprotectors are used to restore damaged areas of cartilaginous tissue and inhibit degenerative processes. If they do not help, anti-rheumatic drugs and immune response modifiers are additionally prescribed.
Since the disease is often accompanied by general irritability and sleep disturbance, doctors recommend that patients take sedative and hypnotic drugs.
A certain effect gives correct use of special ointments, creams and tinctures, which have an anti-inflammatory effect.
For general strengthening of the body during treatment, you can take multivitamin complexes or just vitamin B1( thiamine).
Treatment for arthritis of the finger should necessarily be comprehensive.
So, in addition to taking medications, the following physiotherapeutic procedures are recommended:
- Diadynamic therapy;
An important point is to observe the right diet. To compile a daily diet, it is best to consult a dietitian.
Folk methods of treatment also have the right to exist. However, their effectiveness has not been proven and doctors are wary of their use. Most often it is: decoctions and infusions of herbs, compresses and ointments with mummies, mustard and blue clay, as well as turpentine baths.
If all of the above methods do not bring visible results, there remains only one solution to the problem - surgical operation( joint replacement).