Herpes virus is common all over the world. Currently, antibodies to it are found in the blood of 95% of the adult population of the globe. However, just like adults, this disease affects children, so their parents should always be fully armed and know what methods can prevent recurrences of herpes and suppress all its negative manifestations.
Herpes in children is a widespread viral disease that affects the mucous membranes and skin of a child, and manifests itself in the form of multiple inflamed vesicle bubbles on their surface. In addition, the internal organs of the baby are often involved in the pathological process.
Children of the first years of life become carriers of this disease very rarely, since their body at that age is under reliable protection of maternal antibodies. As a rule, three-four-year-old babies are infected, but by the age of five, the vast majority of them have their own antibodies to this virus.
Once ingested, the herpetic infection persists in it throughout life and periodically manifests itself in the form of relapses that occur with varying degrees of severity and the location of the lesion.
- 1 Causes of herpes in children
- 2 Symptoms of herpes in children
- 3 Treatment of herpes in children
Causes of herpes in children
The causative agent of the disease is a herpetic infection - a predominantly DNA-containing dermatoneurotropic virus, which, however, has a tropism for some other tissues. For a person, 8 types of the virus are pathogenic, but children are most often exposed to oral herpes and the Varicella Zoster virus causing them chicken pox and, in rare cases, shingles.
Herpetic infection is transmitted to the child mainly by airborne or by contact( with kisses of the mother or other people, through toys and other household items, through personal hygiene products).In some cases, transplacental transmission of infection is possible, but sometimes infection occurs when the child passes the birth canal.
Once in the body, the virus is able to stay in it for a long time in a latent state. The following triggers can trigger the aggravation of the disease:
- subcooling or overheating;
- injury of the oral mucosa;
- change of climatic zone;
- neuropsychic overstrain, emotional stress;
- acute gastrointestinal diseases;
- neuroendocrine diseases;
- bacterial infections.
In general, the activation of the herpetic virus occurs even with a slight weakening of the protective forces of the child's body, so the immunity of the child must be paid attention from the first years of his life.
Symptoms of herpes in children
Primary herpes in most babies is asymptomatic. In others, it manifests itself, first of all, in the form of bubble rashes on the mucous membranes and on the skin. The place of their localization can be any part of the child's body, but most often they appear on the face, on the mucous membrane of the mouth and on the lips.
Often 1-2 days before the rash and for several days after the appearance on the skin of the first bubbles, the baby feels burning and itching in the place of the future or existing rash. The dimensions of herpetic eruptions appearing on the baby skin range from 1 to 3 mm in diameter. The contents of the blisters at the onset of the disease have a gray color, then it becomes sharply turbid and transformed into pus. The opened rash quickly dries up, forming crusts, which, in time, fall off, leaving no damage to the skin afterwards.
In addition, exacerbation of herpes can be accompanied by rhinitis, an increase in temperature to 38 degrees, erosive ulcerative gingivostomatitis, fever and stool disorders.
Treatment of herpes in children
Unfortunately, modern medicine still does not have in its arsenal of treatment methods that completely remove herpetic infection from the child's body, therefore the main objectives of therapy are:
- suppression of virus activity in case of recurrence of the disease;
- formation of a full-fledged immune response of the body and maintaining a positive immune status in the future with the goal of preventing and reducing the number of relapses;
- prevents the development of pathologies that arise as a result of disorders caused by the activation of herpes in the body.
Treatment of herpes in children should be under close supervision of a pediatrician. As a rule, it is a complex therapy, the main role in which is allocated immunostimulatory, antiviral drugs and local remedies. Currently, a number of anti-herpetic medicines have been developed, which make it possible to shorten the duration of the disease almost twice and to facilitate its course. The best effect is provided by a combination of ointments of local action and oral medication. Such therapy is indicated to sick children in cases where the underlying disease is accompanied by adverse events( eg, fever or swelling of the lymph nodes).
Only a physician can prescribe a specific dose of a medicine to a child. In addition, it is he who determines whether it is enough in each case to confine oneself only to antiviral ointment, or whether it is necessary to supplement the course of treatment with the use of other medical devices.
If the baby's herpes has not yet manifested itself, but all the symptoms indicate a rapid exacerbation of the course of the disease, the child is shown lotions with 70% camphor or ethyl alcohol.
Expert opinion: If the baby's herpes has not yet manifested, then do not do any preventive procedures, especially apply 70% camphor or ethyl alcohol, which will cause a burn.
In the future, it is recommended to wipe affected areas of the skin or mucous membrane with a solution of furacilin, rivayol, ritokan or calendula tincture, and also lubricate them several times a day with anti-hypersaline ointments( oxolin, interferon, viferon, aciclovir, tebrofen and others).
Expert opinion: Oksolinovaya ointment is more ointment for the prevention of respiratory viral infections and is not very widely used as a drug for the treatment of herpes.
In addition to these funds, the sick child is shown immuno-fortifying drugs( including the maximum dose of ascorbic acid).