The operation to remove the gallbladder has a special name - cholecystectomy. People who have suffered it, are forced to adhere to a certain diet for the rest of their lives. Cholecystectomy is performed in especially severe cases, with such diseases of the gallbladder as cholelithiasis, inflammation of the pancreas, or inflammation of the bladder itself.
After the organ is removed, the person is limited in the types of products that he is allowed to use, and only if all conditions are met, he will be able to lead a lifestyle that will be quite comfortable for him.
Diet after operation
Diet after operation
Nutrition after removal of the gallbladder should be in a certain mode that is aimed at restoring the processesbile excretion, and at the same time digestion in general. This is due to the fact that any deviations from normal metabolism can lead to a metabolic disorder in the body. A person who has undergone cholecystectomy has to adhere to a special diet for the rest of his life.
The gallbladder, in its essence, is a resemblance to a reservoir by means of which the duodenum is supplied with bile, if there is a certain degree of digested food in it. When the bladder is removed, the bile either stagnates in the ducts, or starts to flow unhindered into the stomach, thereby provoking inflammatory processes in the organ. It follows that frequent feeding reduces the risk of bile stagnation.
Among other things, stagnation of bile can lead to the formation of stones in the ducts. Because of this, nutrition will be rational at least five times a day. From the diet should be removed refractory animal fats, because they increase the risk of formation of stones. This can not be said about vegetable oils - they, on the contrary, accelerate the withdrawal of bile and are shown with this special diet. At first, after the transfer of cholecystectomy, the patient should adhere to the following mode:
- First day. The use of food and water is completely contraindicated. Four hours after the operation, the patient's lips are moistened with water-soaked cotton wool, and then it is allowed to rinse in the mouth with a special herbal decoction.
- 24 hours after surgery. The patient is allowed to drink water.
- 36 hours after surgery. Water and a decoction of herbs can be replaced with low-fat kefir, unsweet compote, weak tea. The liquid is used every three hours for 100 ml. Do not drink more than 1.5 liters of fluid per day.
- 48 hours after surgery. In the patient's menu appears an omelette, which consists exclusively of egg whites, mashed potatoes, beet juices, pumpkin or apples, mashed soup with light broth, boiled fish.
- Portions should not exceed 200 g, not more than eight servings per day are allowed.
- Fifth day after surgery. In the diet added mashed porridge, cooked in low-fat milk, mixed in half with water. The patient is given boiled fish and meat, vegetable puree, cottage cheese. It is allowed to drink up to two liters of liquid per day.
- Eight days after the operation, for up to 1.5 months, the food is taken at least six times during the day, in small portions. Prepare the food should be using steam, or cooking.
A strict diet, followed by a person who has undergone an operation to remove the gallbladder, gradually becomes softer and more diverse.
What you can eat with a distant gallbladder
And so, the lack of this body makes a person eat often and fractional. This is necessary in order to prevent the accumulation of bile in the ducts and, as a result, prevent it from stagnating. If this is not done, then in the bile ducts, stones are formed and inflammation can occur. Therefore, it is vitally important to adhere to a strict diet in case of cholecystectomy transfer.
First of all, you should pay attention to the way of cooking. A rational solution is to purchase a steamer. It is also allowed to cook food in water. It is strictly forbidden to fry products, because in this case they remain substances that provoke the secretion of gastric juice, which irritates the mucosa of the whole gastrointestinal tract. This phenomenon has a completely negative effect on the digestive system in the absence of a gallbladder in humans. Despite all prohibitions, the diet with a remote bladder is quite diverse:
- allows the use of vegetable soups, in which you can add a little cereals
- for the second one you can eat beef lean varieties or white chicken meat
- two days a week you can eat lean fish, excellent options will befish of marine species, because it
- improves the process of assimilation of fats
- various casseroles, low-fat sour cream, creamy meat and soft-boiled eggs are also allowed to eat
- you can eat vegetable salads,olive oil
Also, when cholecystectomy is prescribed diet, called table number 5.This diet is based on cereals from different cereals. It includes not only cereals, but also some fruits and berries. They can also add carrots and pumpkins, and they can also be eaten as self-sufficient meals. Dessert with this diet is jam, honey, marshmallows.
At the very beginning after the operation, you should be as strict as possible to treat your own diet. All products must be cooked for a couple, meals should be frequent and in small portions. Over time, gradually getting used to the new diet, the diet expands, but you can not abuse it in any case.
It is useful to lead an active lifestyle. You can go swimming, breathing exercises and yoga classes. When doing sports, try not to exert excessive stress on your body.
Various medicinal herbs can improve the state of the removed gall bladder removal. So, the boar filled with boiling water can quite replace tea. It has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Decoction of chamomile is also great for people who have suffered a cholecystectomy. It can be bought in a packetized form and brewed instead of tea. It is allowed to put some honey to it. Has an excellent effect on the digestive system as a whole.
Tea from the seeds of milk thistle is useful for people who do not have a gallbladder. Decoction in this way: a teaspoon of seeds of a medicinal plant is poured into a glass of boiling water, after which a third of an hour is infused. After that, it should be filtered and drunk half a cup three times a day. You can also add mint to milk thistle, in relation to one to one.
Use of broth on the basis of corn stigmas not only cleans the bile ducts, but also reduces the amount of cholesterol in the blood. A tablespoon of stigmas is filled with a glass of boiling water, and after they are infused, they are consumed up to five times a day. Take the broth should be one tablespoon. Birch buds are brewed as follows: take a tablespoon of birch buds and two spoons of leaves of this tree. They are poured a glass of boiling water and, after insisting, are filtered and used half a glass three times a day before eating.
Strict adherence to a special diet will allow even a person with a distant gallbladder to live a normal life, without disturbances in the functioning of the digestive system.
Foods that are contraindicated for use by
In case of cholecystectomy transfer, the person, in accordance with the special diet prescribed for him, should exclude from his diet the following products:
- acute and acidic foods, as well as spices that irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, cause increased secretion of gastric juice. These include: onion, garlic, mushroom, meat and fish broths, various marinades, canned food
- fatty meat
- legumes and products containing a lot of fiber
- cold foods, as they provoke spasms of bile flow
Some people, who underwent cholecystectomy, there may be such effects that appear after eating in the first few weeks:
- increased formation of gases
- digestive disorders
- increased frequency of the
About 20% of all people who have undergone the operation complain of diarrhea. Often it goes away after a while, but there are times when this violation persists for several years. In the case of diarrhea after cholecystectomy, the following tips will be useful and will help to cope with this violation:
- need to eat foods that contain a large amount of fiber
- need to exclude foods that provoke diarrhea( dairy products, fatty foods)
- from the diet should be excludeddrinks that contain caffeine because it can enhance diarrhea
With a distant gallbladder, many foods should be completely excluded from the diet, as their use is negatively affectedeffects on the performance of the digestive system. Also, in people who have lost the gallbladder, diarrhea may occur, in some cases lasting for several years.
Diet in the distant gallbladder is a rather tough diet. The person who adheres to it must exclude many types of food from the food, and the products that are allowed to it must be prepared in a certain way. Compliance with this diet will allow even those people who have lost the gallbladder to live comfortably without experiencing digestive system disorders.
Life without a gallbladder - the theme of the video:
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