Diabetes is a very insidious and dangerous disease. According to statistics, about a quarter of people with this diagnosis do not even suspect about its existence, they calmly lead a habitual way of life, while the disease gradually destroys their body. Unexpected symptoms in the first stages and became the reason that diabetes is called a "silent killer."
For a long time it was believed that the disease is transmitted exclusively hereditary path, but it was found that by inheritance is transferred not the disease itself, but a predisposition to it. In addition, children at risk are those who have weakened immunity, there are disorders in metabolism and frequent cases of viral diseases.
Diabetes exists in two types. In children, in most cases, the first type is diagnosed - insulin-dependent. The second type is much less common in childhood, but doctors say that recently it is much younger and sometimes diagnosed in children aged 10 years. Diabetes is very dangerous for the body, especially if you do not take any action. Parents are extremely important to know the main symptoms of this disease, in order to be able to recognize "alarming bells" in time.
- 1 Symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children
- 1.1 Photo Gallery: the main signs of the development of diabetes
- 2 How to recognize diabetes in a baby?
- 3 Type 2 diabetes mellitus: symptomatic manifestations in children
- 4 Video about children's diabetes( Dr. Komarovsky)
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children
The incidence of type 1 diabetes is only one-third due to a hereditary factor. So, if the mother suffers from the disease, the probability of getting sick from a baby is about 3%, if the father is about 5%.In childhood, the disease progresses very quickly, under certain circumstances from the first symptoms to the development of ketoacidosis( a serious condition associated with active splitting of adipose tissues) can take only a few weeks.
Remark of the doctor: the first type of disease is caused by a lack of insulin in the body, so for treatment it is necessary to inject it from the outside. Diabetes is not treated, but at first after the beginning of treatment there comes a temporary remission - the disease proceeds very easily, which sometimes causes parents to think that the child has recovered. But over time, the need for insulin increases - this is a typical course of the disease.
The highest risk of developing the disease - the age period from 5 to 11 years. Main symptoms:
- the child constantly asks for a drink, drinks large volumes of liquid for a day;
- urination becomes more frequent and plentiful;
- the child begins to lose weight, and very rapidly;
- the baby becomes more irritable.
There are a number of signs that accompany the acute course of the disease. So, the listed symptoms are greatly aggravated: due to increased urination, dehydration of the body develops, weight loss becomes more rapid, vomiting occurs, the kid everywhere senses the smell of acetone, often there is disorientation in space, breathing becomes strange - rare, very deep and noisy. This state is better not to admit and seek help with the appearance of the first signs of diabetes.
Photo Gallery: the main signs of the development of diabetes
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In adolescence, specialists note the smooth onset of the disease. The first stage with mild symptoms can develop up to six months, often the child's condition is associated with the presence of infection. Children complain about:
- increased fatigue, a constant sense of weakness;
- decline in academic performance;
- frequent headaches;
- frequent occurrence of skin diseases.
The child at the initial stage of the disease may develop hypoglycemia, which is accompanied by blanching of the skin, weakness, dizziness and tremor in the limbs. In rare cases, diabetes mellitus develops in a latent form, which is especially dangerous - virtually no symptoms appear, the clinical picture is not clear, which does not allow to suspect the problem in time. In such a situation, the only signs of the development of the disease can become more frequent cases of skin diseases.
How to recognize diabetes in a baby?
In the first year of life, the disease is diagnosed very rarely, but this happens. The main diagnostic complexity on the surface is that the baby can not speak and can not indicate the cause of his own discomfort. In addition, if a child is in diapers, then it will be very difficult to notice an increase in urine volumes. The parents may suspect the problem on the following grounds:
- the baby becomes very restless, it calms down only after drinking;
- a good appetite does not lead to weight gain, the child, on the contrary, loses weight;
- in the genital area are formed intertrigo, which for a long time do not pass;
- if urine falls on the floor, then sticky spots remain in its place;
- vomiting and symptoms of dehydration.
Specialists have established a disappointing dependence - the earlier the child became ill with diabetes, the more severe the disease will be. Therefore, if the parents know about the poor heredity of the baby, they need to constantly monitor the blood sugar level in the child's blood and monitor his behavior in order to help him with the slightest changes.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus: symptomatic manifestations in children
This type of illness is characterized by a slow course and in most cases is diagnosed only in adults. But to date, cases of illness of children aged 10 years have already been registered, which emphasizes the need for parents to be informed and about this type of diabetes.
Important! The use of sweet, contrary to popular belief, can not lead to the development of diabetes. The addiction to sweets can provoke obesity, which in turn puts a person at risk and increases the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes.
The disease usually begins during the period of puberty, and all ill children have at least one relative suffering from a similar disease. Only in 2 out of 10 cases in childhood there are acute symptoms in the form of rapid loss of weight and strong thirst, in the main mass of cases there are only general symptomatic manifestations, the child has a lot of various health problems:
- skin problems( in addition to frequent painful formations, any damage to the integrity of the skin( abrasions, scratches) for a very long time heal);
- at night, the urge to urinate increases;
- has problems with concentration and memory;
- decreases visual acuity;
- while walking your legs can dull and tingle;
- appearance of diseases of the urinary system.
Any suspicions of diabetes should be checked - go to the hospital and take tests.
Video about children's diabetes( Dr. Komarovsky)
http: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = -VMyom4IEtI