Being a malignant formation from the lining of the lungs and bronchi cells, lung cancer often leads to death due to late diagnosis. As a rule, oncology affects not only the lungs. Metastases can rapidly spread to other organs.
Treatment of this disease is complex, requiring mandatory surgical intervention( most often a site of the lungs).But for various reasons, the operation is sometimes impossible. Then for the patient and for his loved ones the question arises: can you live without surgery?
How long can I live without treatment?
Lung cancer is a serious illness. It can lead to death. Survival to a large extent depends on:
- Stages of the disease
- Forms of
- Strength of the body's resistance
- Quickly started treatment
Small-cell lung cancer( MPL)
Small-celled cancer is most common in people who have a bad habit of smoking. This is a fairly aggressive form of cancer, the main characteristic of which is the rapid spread of metastases. In the absence of treatment, there is no hope for a favorable outcome.
Small cell carcinoma is usually treated with a common method such as chemotherapy. Timely implementation of the course of such procedures can give hope for life. If you do not cure the disease - it soon begins to intensively progress, accompanied by marked signs characteristic of the disease and, ultimately, death.
To survive with metastases without taking any measures to improve the condition means to have an extremely unfavorable prognosis of the course of the disease.
Non-small cell lung cancer( NSCLC)
Non-small cell carcinoma is a cancer of the lungs, which occurs much more often than MPL.This type of disease has 3 forms:
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Large cell
The disease develops rather slowly and with appropriate treatment, including mandatory surgery, one can expect a high survival rate.
But often small cell cancer is detected at a stage where surgical intervention is impossible. The disease gives metastasis to the lymph nodes and distant organs. In this case, the life expectancy of the patient is from 4 months to 1 year.
Everything that medicine can offer at this stage is helping to reduce suffering, improve the quality of life. This approach recognizes the inability to defeat such a serious ailment at this stage of human development.
Applied palliative( pain-relieving) methods include:
- Pain relief
- Oxygen therapy
- Palliative operations
Squamous cell carcinoma is another common form of cancer. The prognosis of the disease depends on the stage at which it is found, on the degree of lung damage, on the features of the histological type( form of the disease).
Stage 3 squamous cell lung cancer is characterized by tumor growth up to 7-8 cm and the spread of metastases to organs, vessels, bones. At this stage, the survival rate is about 20-25% per 100 people.
Large cell lung cancer is a malignant formation that accounts for 10% of the total lung cancer. The outlook is unfavorable. This type of cancer has a poor survival rate.
The diagnosis is usually made at a late stage, when the treatment does not bring the expected result. In the beginning, except for pain in the chest, coughing and increased fatigue, the cancer does not detect itself. How long the patient will live is difficult.
The operation is done only when there are no metastases yet. If there are chances to recover, it is not enough. At the third stage, surgical intervention gives recovery only in 15-20% of cases.
Adenocarcinoma is a common form of non-small cell lung cancer. Has a poor prognosis if the tumor spreads beyond the chest, the pleura, the lymph nodes.
In the late stage of the disease, when traditional treatments are not able to help, 5-year survival is observed in 10% of patients.
How long can one survive if
is performed at an early stage? The initial stage of lung cancer is difficult to determine. The asymptomatic course of the disease and inattention to their health lead to late diagnosis of the disease.
Modern treatment of lung cancer offers:
- Conservative methods( chemotherapy, radiotherapy)
- Surgical intervention
- Radiofrequency ablation( RFA)
- Combined method
It is impossible to determine the survival rate of a patient with lung cancer with accuracy. There are known medical histories, when life expectancy was 10 years.
Also, some statistical studies suggest that survival, even if the disease is detected at an early stage, in the vast majority of cases, does not exceed 5 years.
But no one can know about the exact time of life for lung cancer. Doctors know cases of recovery in severe forms of the disease.