People who lead an active lifestyle are almost constantly moving. And any embarrassing and careless movement, unfortunately, can lead to trauma. Some injuries are serious and dangerous. But here's a bruise, many consider harmless damage, which in no way can cause serious consequences. But, for example, in the case of a knee injury, treatment is required, as this part of the leg is the most fragile and vulnerable. And if the tumor does not pass, then this may be a signal that irreversible changes have started, which often lead to disruption of limb functioning. And how to treat a knee injury? How to avoid consequences?
- What happens when a bruise? What are the consequences of such an injury?
- First aid
- What should I do?
What happens when a bruise? What are the consequences of such an injury?
In general, a bruise is damage to the soft tissues of a particular part of the body. Yes, soft tissues are regenerated much faster than hard tissues( in particular, bone), but treatment is still necessary. It is worth explaining why.
So, first, we list the tissues that will be involved in the process with a knee injury:
- Skin, subcutaneous tissue. Often, damage affects the skin, although in some cases, their integrity may persist. If the integrity is broken, then certainly the wound surface is formed.
- Muscles. Yes, they suffer too. To damage the muscle tissue respond with a strong tension, that is, spasm. A spasm is pain.
- Bundles in trauma can also be affected. And if joint joints are involved in the process, the integrity of the joint can be disturbed, which will certainly affect mobility.
- Cartilage can also be damaged, and cartilage plays a role as a shock absorber and softens all movements. Without them, the ends of the bones would rub against each other and gradually erode.
- And more can damage the blood vessels. If there is a rupture of a large vessel, the blood passing through it can accumulate, for example, in the joint cavity( and this will significantly disturb its functioning).
Now it is necessary to directly touch upon the consequences of such a trauma as a knee injury. Why should it be treated? The functioning of the tissues is disturbed, which will greatly impede the movement of the leg and movement. The most dangerous is damage to the cartilage. But ligaments and muscles also provide mobility, so that their work is no less important.
And one more reason why trauma should be treated. Violation of integrity can trigger inflammation. And if treatment in this case will not be conducted, the inflammation will begin to spread. In this case, the process can involve not only cartilaginous tissue, but also bone. As a result, such an unpleasant disease as arthritis can develop. Also irreversible changes of a dystrophic nature will begin, which will lead to destruction of tissues.
In most cases, a knee injury is obtained by falling on this part of the foot( for example, while walking in the ice, during sports or under any other circumstances).But such a trauma can also be obtained due to a drop on a knee of some heavy object or by squeezing this part of the foot( this often happens during traffic accidents).Either way, damage can not occur by itself and is always a consequence of mechanical action.
Symptoms of such injuries can be different, depending on a variety of factors of influence: the angle of impact, the area of damage, the force of impact, and also the location of the injury. But in any case, the signs are unlikely to go unnoticed. We list some of them:
- Pain in the area of exposure. Especially strong it directly at the time of damage, as well as some time after it. Then the pain may be weakened, but they will not go away at all and will make themselves felt during the movement( when walking, especially when running, and when bending the knee joint) and even at rest if the injury is serious. The pain will increase with pressure, and with palpation you can find a particularly painful area.
- If the vessels are damaged, the hematoma( bruise) is formed at the injury site. It can be quite extensive( almost the whole area of the patella and even more) and have a dark burgundy shade.
- A tumor is formed at the lesion site, a seal. In other words, there will be a lump. It can be quite dense and hard to touch. When you press on it, there will be pain.
- Mobility can be severely limited. It will be difficult to bend or unbend the leg in the knee, and sometimes walk and even just stand.
- If the vessel is damaged and blood enters the joint cavity, then the entire knee will be swollen, it can greatly increase in size.
If you notice any damage after such symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. Most likely, you have a knee injury, in this case treatment is required. Otherwise, serious consequences are possible.
To begin treating a bruised knee, it is important to determine what exactly this injury is happening to be. A traumatologist can do this on examination. But it is important to exclude the possibility of serious damage( fracture, for example).To do this, it is necessary to conduct an X-ray study, which will also assess the extent of the lesion and prescribe the correct treatment.
To help the victim with this injury, the following should be done:
- The bruised knee should not move, it can lead to more damage to the tissues, as well as to the occurrence of severe swelling and hemorrhages. Therefore, the joint should provide complete peace.
- Cold can be applied to the damage site. Frozen food or a bottle of cold water may be suitable for these purposes. A cold compress is applied directly to the affected area for 10-15 minutes. After 10-15 minutes the procedure can be repeated.
- With severe pain, the victim can take an anesthetic.
But after that, you need to go to the doctor, since treating this damage yourself is dangerous to health!
What should I do?
So, how to treat a knee injury? You can do this at home, but it is important to comply with all the prescriptions of the doctor.
This is what measures can include treatment:
- Cold compresses can still be applied( within 2-3 days), they will help to remove puffiness and relieve pain.
- Treatment may involve the imposition of a tight bandage. To do this, take an elastic bandage. Position the leg in a comfortable position( slightly bend, do not straighten completely) and start bandaging the site, beginning with the lower third of the thigh and sinking down. Bandage should reach up to one third of the eggs. Make sure that the dressing is not too tight, and all muscles are relaxed.
- With the preservation of the pain syndrome, analgesics( "Nurofen", "Ketanov" and others) can be prescribed.
- Treat inflammation with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is possible to use both local and common drugs( sometimes simultaneously).For example, you can use "Indomethacin" or "Diclofenac" ointments. Inside, you can take similar drugs( the names are the same).
- "Heparin ointment" or "Lyoton" can be prescribed for resorption of the hematoma. Such remedies remove edema and inflammation, promote blood thinning.
- About a week after the injury, you can begin treatment with the help of physiotherapy procedures. For example, UHF therapy works well, sometimes electrophoresis is prescribed. Such methods allow to accelerate the regeneration of tissues.
- To treat a knee injury you can and folk remedies. Grind the leaves of plantain, mix them with the same amount of pork fat. Apply the obtained ointment to the affected area three times or four times a day.
- When a patient accumulates in the articular cavity of blood, doctors will appoint a puncture. A puncture will be made, through which the blood will be removed.
- To restore lost due to the forced immobility of the function of the joint will help special therapeutic gymnastics. But do not overexert, increase the load gradually.
Health to you!