Dietary nutrition is the first thing that a doctor will advise you in any chronic illness. For a long time, dietitians have developed an optimal diet for each disease, which is not only included in the number of mandatory medical measures, but also preventive. Each ailment has its own individual menu, diet, forbidden and recommended products. There is dietary nutrition for diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
But the diet for osteochondrosis is somewhat different from our usual understanding of this word. If, for example, food with heart failure strictly prohibits the use of table salt, a lot of free fluid, and if kidney disease is necessary to sharply limit the protein, then with osteochondrosis such strict prohibitions do not exist.
Nutrition in diseases of the spine should not have the appearance of a short-term diet, but a constant healthy and balanced diet, which is aimed at eliminating risk factors for osteochondrosis( obesity, for example).
Principles of a healthy diet
At once it is necessary to understand, that the diet at an osteochondrosis of a cervical department or any another in any case will not replace the basic treatment, it will be effective only at long application and in a complex with all other medicamentous and not medicamentous( medical gymnastics, massage, kinesiotherapy, physiotherapy, reflexology, etc.) by methods of treatment.
The main goal of therapeutic nutrition is to get rid of the risk factors of vertebral pathology, to provide the body with all the necessary substances for proper functioning and renewal. The first thing that nutrition should be directed to is getting rid of excess kilograms. Excess body weight significantly increases the burden on the diseased vertebra, only increasing the dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs.
Basic principles of a diet for osteochondrosis:
- The caloric intake should correspond to the ideal weight, height and sex of a person, the type of his occupation, if there is a problem of excess weight, then the calorie needs to be reduced;
- the frequency of food intake is individual, frequent and divided meals are not so important here as, for example, with gastritis, if the diet is aimed at reducing weight, then the interval between meals should not exceed 3-4 hours, so as not to develop a feeling of hunger;
- the menu should be balanced on proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, trace elements, it is necessary to limit the use of simple sugars, animal fats, various extractive substances;
- it is necessary to comply with the optimal drinking regime( at least 1.2-2 L of free liquid per day), if the state of health allows( there is no heart failure, kidney disease, etc.).
As can be seen, there is nothing special about such nutrition, and we all know about these healthy principles, but for some reason we do not observe them. In order not to list products that can be consumed and which it is desirable to exclude, we cite as an example a food pyramid of healthy nutrition. Those foods that are at the bottom of the pyramid should form the basis of the diet, as you move up the pyramid, you must limit the food that is on the top.
Healthy food pyramid
Diets that are misleading
Often you can find information about "miraculous" nutrition in the chest, lumbar or cervical osteochondrosis, they say, sit for a week or two on such a diet - and everything, as a hand removes. It is a pity, but believing in such stories, you will only be disappointed and, in addition, suffering from an absolutely irrational and the same type of nutrition, or a new disease from such a "cure."
Below are the most popular pseudo diets that can be found even on authoritative websites about health.
It involves consuming a large amount of rice( not salty and steamed with boiling water) for 40-45 days. Ostensibly during this time, the rice will remove all the slag from the intestine and exacerbation of the osteochondrosis will pass. First, during such a time, any aggravation will occur even without treatment, and secondly, there is no slag in the intestine( the epithelium that lines the intestine is renewed every three days, because nothing can "stick" to it, and the peristalsisall undigested substances pushes out).But even if we allow for a moment that this is possible, then it is difficult to find cause and effect relations between slags and osteochondrosis to the mind that understands the essence of this disease.
Rice diet will help to lose a couple of kilograms, but will not cure of osteochondrosis
Diets without salt
Especially recommend such nutrition in case of lesion of the lumbar region. The basis is a significant restriction or complete cessation of salt intake. Many people think that osteochondrosis is the deposition of salts in the spine, but this is the main misconception about this disease! It develops for completely different reasons: degenerative and dystrophic changes in the cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral discs, cartilage is destroyed by constant overloads and reduced blood supply with age. Salt in the joints is postponed for another disease - gout, but this is certainly not the salt, but the substance that is formed and accumulates in the body when violating the purine metabolism.
Video about the main principles of proper nutrition:
Diet, enriched with vitamin D and calcium
Again, this is probably invented by those who absolutely do not understand the pathogenesis and causes of osteochondrosis. The main slogan of such a diet - calcium will strengthen bone tissue and slow the progression of pathology. But, as already mentioned, the essence of the disease is not in the decrease of calcium in the bones( they have nothing to do with it!), But in the destruction of the intervertebral cartilaginous disc. True, there is another pathological condition with a very similar name, which consists precisely in reducing the bone mineral density, osteoporosis. Maybe the counselors just got it wrong?
But, if it goes deeper, then probably a piece of truth here can be found. The fact is that often osteochondrosis and osteoporosis occur together, especially in women in menopause and people of advanced age. Only in this case, the use of calcium and vitamin D will have a positive effect on the general condition of the patient.
Never believe that a diet with osteochondrosis can help you get rid of painful symptoms in a short time and forever. There is no such food! Instead of sitting all day in search of a panacea, engage in physical therapy - that's really will have a positive effect.