Most people live a normal, healthy life with one kidney. Nevertheless, it is important to take care to stay as healthy as possible, and be safe.
- 1 Why can humans have one kidney?
- 1.1 What if I was born with only one "working" kidney?
- 1.2 Can a transplanted kidney work for two?
- 2 What life threatens with one kidney in the future?
- 2.1 How often should a person with one kidney be examined?
- 2.2 Is it possible for a person with one kidney to play sports?
- 2.3 Should I adhere to a special diet with one kidney?
Why do people have one kidney?
There are three main reasons why a person can have only one kidney:
- A person can be born with only one kidney. This condition is called renal agenesis. Another deviation, which is called kidney dysplasia, is when a person is born with two kidneys, but only one of them works. Most people who were born without a kidney( or only with one working kidney) can lead a normal healthy life.
- A person could have one kidney removed during surgery, in the treatment of a trauma or disease( eg, cancer).
- A person could sacrifice a kidney to another person who needed a transplant.
What if I was born with only one "working" kidney?
If you were born with only one normal kidney, or if one kidney was damaged or removed as a child, the remaining kidney will grow faster and become larger than normal. The remaining kidney can grow to become almost the same in size as the two kidneys together. This helps her to do all the work that two kidneys usually do.
This growth is called "compensatory" or "restorative".This happens in different ways: it can be the result of accelerating the cell division or increasing the size of the cells themselves. For example, if one kidney is removed, the number of cells in the other increases at an increased rate. In the end, the remaining kidney can grow until its size is the same as the size of the two taken together. In other words, one healthy kidney can work for two.
Can a transplanted kidney work for two?
Yes. Careful testing has shown that the transplanted kidney can also increase its size and functions. It can reach a level of functioning that is about 40 percent greater than the normal level for a single kidney.
What life threatens with one kidney in the future?
In general, most people with one healthy kidney have minor problems all the time. However, some problems were also sometimes noticed in the long run.
In some people who were born with the same kidney, or they removed it as a child, there is a chance that kidney function may be disturbed later in life. This usually happens in 25 years or more time. There is also a chance of having high blood pressure at a later age( suffering from hypertension).However, the loss of kidney function is usually not significant, and life expectancy does not change much. Most people with one kidney live a healthy, normal life with a few minor restrictions.
How often should a person with one kidney be examined?
The kidney function should be checked at least once a year. For this, a simple analysis of urine and blood is sufficient. It should also be at least once a year to measure blood pressure, if there was no specific reason to do it more often.
Is it possible for a person with one kidney to play sports?
Physical exercise is health and benefit for all. Nevertheless, for a person with a single kidney it is important to be careful and protect her from injuries. This recommendation applies to everyone, regardless of the cause of having one kidney, although these are people who were born with the same kidney, at least donors. Some doctors believe that it is better to avoid contact sports such as football, boxing, hockey, football, martial arts, or wrestling.
Wearing protective clothing, such as a special vest under clothing, can help protect the kidney from injury while exercising. This can help reduce the risk, but does not rule it out! It is worth talking to your doctor if you( or your child) want to become participants in contact sports. You should always think about the risks associated with any activity, and carefully consider whether they exceed the benefits.
Should I adhere to a special diet with one kidney?
Most people with one healthy kidney do not need to adhere to a special diet. If you have one kidney due to a transplant due to a disease or kidney failure, then there are some restrictions on eating. If you have questions about the diet, it's worth talking to your doctor or nutritionist.
People who sacrificed the kidney can live as long as those who did not. After the first documentary kidney transplantation in the US, the study shows the procedure carries a minor long-term medical risk for the donor. Therefore, answering the question "How long can life with one kidney?", We can say that this has little effect on the duration and quality of life.
This will also help to make sure interesting facts about the kidneys and their transplant .